Can a person be denied equal protection of the law?

Asked by: Lura Koelpin  |  Last update: July 14, 2022
Score: 4.8/5 (25 votes)

Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.

Can a person be denied equal protection?

The Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law.

Does equal protection apply to everyone?

These provisions are universal in their application to all persons within the territorial jurisdiction, without regard to any differences of race, of color, or of nationality, and the equal protection of the laws is a pledge of the protection of equal laws.

What are the limitations of the Equal Protection Clause?

One of the main limitations in the Equal Protection Clause is that it limits only the powers of government bodies, and not the private parties on whom it confers equal protection. This limitation has existed since 1883 and has not been overturned.

How can the Equal Protection Clause be violated?

Though race and racial discrimination are still at the heart of the Equal Protection Clause, any unjust government classification – the singling out of one group or another – can be a violation of the Constitution.

Equal Protection: Crash Course Government and Politics #29

43 related questions found

What is not protected under the equal protection clause?

A right to education is not expressly protected by the Constitution, continued the Court, and it was unwilling to find an implied right because of its undoubted importance. 457 U.S. 202 (1982).

Can the federal government violate the equal protection clause?

When an individual believes that either the federal government or a state government has violated that individual's guaranteed equal rights, that individual is able to bring a lawsuit against that governmental body for relief.

What are the three levels of scrutiny for equal protection cases?

Let us start by examining the three levels of review applied in Equal Protection and Due Process cases: (1) Rational Basis Review; (2) Intermediate Scrutiny; (3) Strict Scrutiny.

What does equal protection require?

The Equal Protection Clause requires states to treat their citizens equally, and advocates have used it to combat discriminatory laws, policies, and government actions.

What is an example of equal protection?

For example, a state may not prohibit inter-racial marriages, or deny child custody to a couple because they are of different races. Also, as mentioned above, any laws requiring segregation of the races will be held unconstitutional.

What cases used the equal protection clause?

10 Supreme Court cases about the 14th Amendment
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (18 May 1896) ―The Louisiana legislature had passed a law requiring black and white residents to ride separate, but equal, train cars. ...
  • Lochner v. ...
  • Gitlow v. ...
  • Brown v. ...
  • Mapp v. ...
  • Gideon v. ...
  • Griswold v. ...
  • Loving v.

What is the difference between due process and equal protection?

The equal protection clause prevents the state government from enacting criminal laws that discriminate in an unreasonable and unjustified manner. The Fifth Amendment due process clause prohibits the federal government from discrimination if the discrimination is so unjustifiable that it violates due process of law.

How does the equal protection clause work?

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

What does Section 5 of the 14th Amendment mean?

Section 5 of the fourteenth amendment empowers Congress to "enforce, by appropriate legislation" the other provisions of the amendment, including the guarantees of the due process and equal protection clauses of section 1.

What does the 14th Amendment mean in simple terms?

The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and ...

How all citizens are treated equally under the law?

Thus, everyone must be treated equally under the law regardless of race, gender, color, ethnicity, religion, disability, or other characteristics, without privilege, discrimination or bias.

What standards do courts use when deciding whether a discriminatory law or regulation is unconstitutional?

Strict scrutiny is the highest standard of review which a court will use to evaluate the constitutionality of governmental discrimination. The other two standards are intermediate scrutiny and rational basis review.

Are equal rights in the Constitution?

The Equal Rights Amendment was first proposed nearly a century ago and has still not been added to the U.S. Constitution.

Is the federal government obligated to avoid denying persons the equal protection of the law?

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

What two tests does the high court use when deciding equal protection cases?

When deciding equal protection cases, courts often apply standards known as the rational basis and strict scrutiny tests.

What is a suspect class under equal protection?

Under Equal Protection, when a statute discriminates against an individual based on a suspect classification, that statute will be subject to either strict scrutiny or intermediate scrutiny. There are four generally agreed-upon suspect classifications: race, religion, national origin, and alienage.

Which of the following two facts must be proven in order for a person to demonstrate that they have been denied equal protection?

The individual must first prove the official action had a discriminatory effect. Simply meaning that race or another illegal group characateristic accounted for the decision. The second element the individual must prove is the discriminatory purpose.

Does the Fifth Amendment have an equal protection clause?

— Literally speaking, the Fifth Amendment, unlike the Fourteenth Amendment, “contains no equal protection clause and it provides no guaranty against discriminatory legislation by Congress.” 501 Nevertheless, “Equal protection analysis in the Fifth Amendment area is the same as that under the Fourteenth Amendment.” 502 ...

Can states violate the Constitution?

State or local laws held to be preempted by federal law are void not because they contravene any provision of the Constitution, but rather because they conflict with a federal statute or treaty, and through operation of the Supremacy Clause.

Which of the following kinds of classification schemes are invalidated by the equal protection clause?

What kind of classification schemes are invalidated by the Equal Protection Clause? eminent domain.