Can magistrates use JP after their name?

Asked by: Ms. Katherine Gislason  |  Last update: October 14, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (26 votes)

The lead magistrate is known as a Presiding Justice (PJ) and should be addressed in court as "sir" or "ma'am" or "your worship", and the magistrates collectively as "your worships". In writing they are their usual name followed by "JP" (for Justice of the Peace). Other magistrates on the bench are known as "wingers".

Is a justice of the peace the same as a magistrate UK?

What is a magistrate? Magistrates (also called Justices of the Peace) are ordinary people who hear cases in court in their community. They sit in benches of three, including two 'wingers' and one who sits in the centre who has received special training to act as chair, known as the Presiding Justice.

How do you address a magistrate in court UK?

When you speak to a District Judge or magistrate you should stand up and call them 'Sir' or 'Madam'. The press and public are usually allowed in the courtroom.

Is a justice higher than a judge?

Trial and intermediate appellate court judges in most states and in the federal judicial system are called judges, while those on the highest courts are justices.

What do you call a British judge?

They are known officially as Lord Justices. They should be addressed as follows: Address (in Correspondence)


44 related questions found

What does J mean after a judge's name?

John Smith (QC) John Smith (QC) My Lord (Lady) If there are two Lord Justices of the High Court with the same surname, then the junior Justice will take their first name as part of their judicial title. When two or more Justices are referred at the same time in a law report, their post-nominal letters become JJ.

How do you address a magistrate in court?

Always use the judicial honorific "Honorable" when addressing a magistrate directly in a letter, and end with their title, "Magistrate Judge." For example, a magistrate named Jane Smith should be addressed in writing as, "Honorable Jane Smith, Magistrate Judge."

Is magistrate and judge the same?

The word judge has been derived from French word juger. A civil officer or a minor judicial officer in specific areas like district, town, etc is called as Magistrate. The mandate of Magistrate is to handle minor cases. A Judge is not a civil officer neither is he a minor judicial officer.

Why are judges called my lord?

The origin of the address “My Lord” certainly goes back to the disgraceful colonial era. Since the judges of the Supreme Court of England were holding Lordship, which was a typical feudal title of the British system, they were addressed by the British lawyers as “My Lord” or “My Lady”.

Why is judge called Your Honor?

The main purpose behind the use of the term "your honor" as it is used for judges today is still to denote that higher stature and additional respect that judges deserve. Judges occupy positions that require them to give unbiased, honest, consistent, and reliable opinions about legal and criminal matters.

Are magistrates legally qualified?

No formal or legal qualifications are required but magistrates need intelligence, common sense, integrity and the capacity to act fairly.

Who can be a JP?

Who can be a JP? Anybody with a criminal record. An ideal nominee for a JP is someone who is a prominent member of their community and offers their services in a volunteer capacity regularly.

Can magistrates become judges?

More experienced magistrates also deal with cases in the youth court (involving defendants aged ten to 18) or with children's cases in the family court. In addition, magistrates can sit with a legally qualified circuit judge in the Crown Court during appeals.

What powers do magistrates have?

Magistrates have sentencing powers that allow them to impose a range of sentences, including unlimited fines, bans, community orders and up to 12 months' custody, depending on the offence. Find out more about the different types of sentence and see the guidelines for sentencing offences in magistrates' courts.

What is the difference between a JP and a judge?

For most jurisdictions, judges are appointed while justices are elected. Judges have law degrees and are already experienced lawyers. They have legal functions and are the ones who preside over legal proceedings such as court hearings and court cases.

How do you greet a judge in court?

Only a respectable way of addressing. You call (judges) Sir, it is accepted. You call it Your Honour, it is accepted.

What is the correct way to address a judge?

In person: In an interview, social event, or in court, address a judge as “Your Honor” or “Judge [last name].” If you are more familiar with the judge, you may call her just “Judge.” In any context, avoid “Sir” or “Ma'am.”

Why do judges wear a wig?

Wearing a wigs believed to bring a sense of formality to proceedings and a sense of power and respect for the court. It also helps to distinguish judges from other members of society - both inside and outside of the courtroom.

Who is more powerful magistrate or judge?

A magistrate has less power than a Judge. A judge has more power than a magistrate. A magistrate may not have a law degree. He or she is always an officer with a law degree.

Can magistrate send you jail?

If the case is to be dealt within a magistrates' court, the defendant(s) are asked to enter a plea. If they plead guilty or are later found to be guilty, the magistrates can impose a sentence, generally of up to six months' imprisonment for a single offence (12 months in total), or a fine of an unlimited amount.

What is the role of a magistrate?

Magistrates are volunteers who hear cases in courts in their community. They can hear cases in the criminal court, the family court, or both. Each case is usually heard by 3 magistrates, including a magistrate who is trained to act as a chairperson.

What happens if you plead guilty in a magistrates court?

Pleading guilty

If you plead guilty at the outset your case will not go to trial and you could be sentenced immediately in the magistrates' court. For more serious offences you will have to go to the Crown Court to be sentenced. Find out more about sentencing hearings.

Why are magistrates not paid?

The role of a magistrate is primarily a community one. Magistrates don't receive a fee because they are not legal professionals and are instead upstanding members of the community with good character, guided by a legal advisor at their side.

How do you start a letter to a magistrate?

For cases being heard in the Magistrates' Court, address the reference to 'The Presiding Magistrate, [court location]'. For cases in the County or Supreme Court, address it to 'The Presiding Judge'. Start all references with 'Your Honour'. Include your full name and phone number.