How charges are framed in the trial before a court of session?

Asked by: Prof. Lacy Ryan PhD  |  Last update: July 28, 2022
Score: 4.3/5 (54 votes)

Section 228: Framing of Charges
When the case is exclusively triable by the Session Court, the judge shall frame the charges. The charge then shall be read and explained to the accused. The accused shall then be asked if he pleads guilty or claims to be tried.

What is charge and how it is framed?


Framing of charge in CRPC is at the stage when the police has completed its investigation and submitted the charge sheet alleging the offense against the accused person. The court thereafter scrutinizes the charge sheet and proposes to frame charge against the accused person.

What is the appropriate order in a trial by court of session?

Parties (sec. 225): In a trial before a court of session, the prosecution shall be conducted by a public prosecutor. The accused has a right to engage a counsel of his choice. If he cannot afford to engage the defence counsel, the court engaged at the state expenses.

Who can open the case when the accused appears or brought before the court of Session?

When the magistrate commits a case under Section 209 to the Court of Session and the accused appears or is brought before the Court, the prosecutor is required under Section 226 to open his case by explaining the charge against the accused and also states the evidence by which he will prove the guilt of the accused.

What do you mean by session trial?

Trial Session means a session given to new players to try out before joining the full Course.

Procedure for Trial || Before Session Court || CrPC

42 related questions found

When can charges be framed?

(1) If, upon such consideration, examination, if any, and hearing, the Magistrate is of opinion that there is ground for presuming that the accused has committed an offence triable under this Chapter, which such Magistrate is competent to try and which, in his opinion, could be adequately punished by him, he shall ...

What happens after framing of charges?

After the charges are framed then the Prosecution(State) will lead evidence, the Prosecution Witness will appear in court and will depose and then you can cross examine them, after all the witnesses are examined then you can give your statement and lead the witness and then the court will pronounce its judgement.

Who will conduct the trial before a session Court?

In every trial before a Court of Session, the prosecution shall be conducted by a Public Prosecutor.

What is difference between trial before Court of Sessions and trial before Magistrate?

The Judicial Magistrates try cases of less serious nature. A Sessions Judge or Additional Sessions Judge may pass any sentence authorised by law; but any sentence of death passed by any such Judge shall be subject to confirmation by the High Court.

In which cases the Court of Session have the original jurisdiction to try the case?

A Court of Session is the highest criminal court in a district and the court of first instance for trying serious offences i.e. those carrying punishment of imprisonment of more than seven years, life imprisonment, or death.

What are the processes of concept a person to appear before the Court?

There are six ways of process to compel a person to appear in court, viz. (1) Summons; (2) Warrant; (3) Warrant in lieu of summons; (4) Proclamation of an absconder; (5) Attachment of his property; and (6) Bond, with or without sureties, to appear before a court on a certain date.

Who hold the proceedings in session trial?

Section 225 of the Code specifically empowers Public Prosecutor to conduct prosecution in every trial before Sessions Court. In every case there are two parties, one is victim and the other one is accused.

How do you frame issues in a case?

Thus, the Fundamental Functions of the Court , as to before framing and recording issues , are:
  1. reading the plaint and written statement;
  2. examination under rule 2 of Order X of C.P.C; and.
  3. hearing the parties or their pleaders;

Is chargesheet necessary for framing of charge?

Hence, before submission of a charge sheet/police report, the question of framing of charges does not arise. Though in layman's language, when a person is accused of an offence it is said that such person has been charged with the offence. However, legally it can only happen at the stage of Section 211 of Cr. P.C.

What is charge in court case?

In simple terms, charge means informing the accused person of the grounds on which the accused is charged. A charge is defined under Section 2(b) of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 which states, the charge includes any head of the charge when the charge contains more than one head. The case of V.C Shukla v.

What are the 4 types of trials?

Types of Trials

There are many kinds of trials that take place in United States courtrooms every day. All trial types, however, can be categorized into 4 different case types: civil, criminal, juvenile and traffic. Civil Case – A trial that consists of a disagreement between two or more people or businesses.

How is a case committed to Court of Session when an offence is triable exclusively by the Court of Sessions?

(3) Where a scheduled offence is an offence triable exclusively by a Court of Session under the Code, a Special Court shall have all the powers of a Court of Session and shall try such offence as if it were a Court of Session, so far as may be in accordance with the procedure prescribed in the Code for trial before a ...

Can a Magistrate open a case for prosecution?

In terms of the provision of Section 302 Cr. P.C, a Magistrate has the power to allow any person to appear personally or through a pleader, including complainant, to conduct prosecution. The Hon'ble Supreme Court in the case of M/s.

How do you charge framing?

According to HomeAdvisor, the average cost to frame a house is between $7 and $16 per square foot. That works out to a little under one-fifth of the total cost of the build. On the lower end of the range are rough-out framing projects for simple projects like a garage addition.

Can accused be discharged after framing of charge?

Once the charges are framed, the accused is put to trial and thereafter either acquitted or convicted, but he cannot be discharged. Once charges are framed under Section 228 of the code, there is no backgear for discharging the accused under Section 227 of the code. Discharge post framing of charge is not viewed in Cr.

Can FIR be quashed after framing of charges?

The Supreme Court on Tuesday held that High Courts while deciding applications under Section 482 of Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) for quashing of case at the stage of framing of charge, should not enter into appreciation of the evidence or consider whether on the basis of such evidence the accused is likely to be ...

When should the Magistrate frame the charge?

Section 246 of the Code states that when in any warrant case otherwise than on a police report, the accused is brought before a Magistrate and the Magistrate upon examination and hearing, is of the opinion that there are sufficient grounds to presume that the accused has committed the offence, then the Magistrate shall ...

What is evidence before charge?

Pre charge evidence is the evidence which is taken by the Magistrate from the complainant before the framing of charges under Section 244 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. Proper examination of all the evidence and witnesses is to be done by the magistrate.

At what stage issues are framed?

According to rule 1, issues are framed and recorded by the court at the first hearing after reading the plaint, written statement, examining and hearing of parties and their pleaders.

On what basis issues are framed?

Order XIV Rule 3 of CPC provides that issues may be framed either on the allegations made on oath by the parties or on the basis of allegations made in the pleadings or on the basis of contents of documents produced by either party.