Is alienage a suspect class?

Asked by: Erika Murphy  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 5/5 (51 votes)

Overview. Under Equal Protection, when a statute discriminates against an individual based on a suspect classification, that statute will be subject to either strict scrutiny or intermediate scrutiny. There are four generally agreed-upon suspect classifications: race, religion, national origin, and alienage.

What is alienage classification?

Introduction Alienage classifications are those which treat citizens and non-citizens differently. Typically, of course, the classifications have the effect of denying a benefit or an opportunity to non-citizens that is generally available to citizens.

Why is alienage a suspect class?

For purposes of state law, legal aliens are a suspect class (Graham v. Richardson, 403 U.S. 365 (1971)). ... In contrast, because the United States Congress has the power to regulate immigration, federal government action that discriminates based on alienage will receive rational basis scrutiny.

Which of the following is an example of a suspect classification?

Race is the clearest example of a suspect classification.

Why is gender quasi-suspect?

Quasi-suspect classification is a statutory classification established on gender or legitimacy. ... For example, a law permitting alimony for women and a law providing for an all male draft are quasi-suspect classification.

Equal Protection: Crash Course Government and Politics #29

19 related questions found

What is the inherently suspect standard?

Under the inherently suspect standard, courts presume the policy is invalid and the burden is on the rule maker to prove the policy serves a compelling public interest, while under the reasonableness standard, courts defer to the rule maker unless the person challenging the policy can prove it is arbitrary rather than ...

What characteristics are considered quasi-suspect classifications?

Quasi-Suspect Classifications:
  • Gender.
  • Illegitimacy.
  • MINIMUM (OR RATIONAL BASIS) SCRUTINY (The govenment need only show that the challenged classification is rationally related to serving a legitimate state interest.)

What is non suspect classification?

age, handicap, wealth, rational, legitimate, rationally. A non suspect classification is any statutory classification that is NOT a suspect or quasi-suspect classification.

What is the difference between national origin and alienage?

Title VII prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, but it is silent as to “alienage” – the status of being an alien. ...

Is disability a quasi-suspect class?

Because intellectual disability was relevant to many legislative actions, strict scrutiny was not appropriate. Intellectual disability was therefore found to be a quasi-suspect classification, and the Fifth Circuit applied an intermediate level of scrutiny.

What is alienage mean?

the state of being an alien. ... the legal status of an alien: birthright citizenship for all children born inside the territory, without regard for the alienage of their parents. Also called alienism.

What is alienage jurisdiction?

A lesser known rule allows for subject matter jurisdiction over alienage cases in which the dispute is between a citizen of a U.S. state and a citizen of a foreign country. ...

Why is a group's legal classification so important?

A group's legal classification is important because a suspect classification makes it more difficult for laws that discriminate against the group to be constitutional.

Is age a quasi-suspect class?

As such, race is considered to be a suspect classification, while age is not.

Which of the below classifications is not a suspect or quasi-suspect classification?

Gender is not a suspect classification, although the Court does apply intermediate scrutiny when state action discriminates on the basis of gender or legitimacy. These two classifications are usually called "quasi-suspect." Wealth and age are not considered to be suspect or even quasi-suspect classifications.

Does strict scrutiny apply to alienage?

Discrimination by a state against aliens is not subject to strict scrutiny but needs to meet only the rational basis test.

When the Supreme Court hears a case that does not involve a suspect classification which standard of review does the Court use?

Strict scrutiny is a form of judicial review that courts use to determine the constitutionality of certain laws. Strict scrutiny is often used by courts when a plaintiff sues the government for discrimination.

What are the three legal classifications?

When the constitutionality of a law is challenged, both state and federal courts will commonly apply one of three levels of judicial scrutiny from the spectrum of scrutiny: Strict scrutiny. Intermediate scrutiny. Rational basis review.

Are resident aliens a protected class?

The law protects not just citizens, nationals and lawful permanent residents, but also lawful temporary residents and aliens who have been granted asylum or have been admitted into the United States as refugees, provided that they timely pursue naturalization.

Is poverty a suspect class?

Both judges and legal scholars assert that the United States Supreme Court has held that the poor are neither a quasi-suspect nor a suspect class under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Why is gender a quasi-suspect class chegg?

Why is gender a quasi-suspect class? Because the ERA failed the ratification process and gender is not specifically protected in the Constitution of the Bill of Rights. Which of the following is NOT used to discriminate against people or color? Affirmative Action.

What groups are protected by the Equal Protection Clause?

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.

Is gender a suspect class in Florida?

Like the U.S. Constitution, FL expressly forbids discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ... AGE is not a suspect classification in Florida. Neither is GENDER. Rational Basis applies.

Which is not currently a suspect class quizlet?

Undocumented aliens are not a suspect class, but the states may not deny primary or secondary public education benefits to undocumented aliens.

Who won Romer v Evans?

In a 6-to-3 decision, the Court held that Amendment 2 of the Colorado State Constitution violated the equal protection clause. Amendment 2 singled out homosexual and bisexual persons, imposing on them a broad disability by denying them the right to seek and receive specific legal protection from discrimination.