What are some examples of strict scrutiny?

Asked by: Prof. Branson Grant  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (31 votes)

During the civil rights era and through today, the Supreme Court has applied Strict Scrutiny to government actions that classify people based on race. For example, in Loving v. Virginia (1967), the Supreme Court applied Strict Scrutiny to strike down Virginia's law banning interracial marriage.

What cases used strict scrutiny?

The court used to apply a form of strict scrutiny more frequently in free exercise clause cases, such as Sherbert v. Verner (1963) and Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972), but the court changed the standard in free exercise clause cases in Employment Division v. Smith (1990).

What are the different types of scrutiny?

What Are The Levels of Scrutiny?
  • Strict scrutiny.
  • Intermediate scrutiny.
  • Rational basis review.

What are the five fundamental rights that require strict scrutiny to be applied?

Strict scrutiny is the most rigorous form of judicial review. The Supreme Court has identified the right to vote, the right to travel, and the right to privacy as fundamental rights worthy of protection by strict scrutiny.

What are examples of intermediate scrutiny?

An example of a court using intermediate scrutiny came in Craig v. Boren, 429 U.S. 190 (1976), which was the first case in the United States Supreme Court which determined that statutory or administrative sex-based classifications were subject to an intermediate standard of judicial review.

What are the strict scrutiny, intermediate scrutiny, and rational basis tests

41 related questions found

What is quasi strict scrutiny?

When laws only partially affect a suspect class or the rights involved border upon fundamental rights, this intermediate level of scrutiny applies. ... laws or government action based upon sex; laws affecting the status of undocumented or illegal immigrants; restrictions on rights to own firearms; and.

What is strict scrutiny AP Gov?

strict scrutiny. a Supreme Court test to see if a law denies equal protection because it does not serve a compelling state interest and is not narrowly tailored to achieve that goal.

Why did the Supreme Court use strict scrutiny to the answer the Brown legal question?

The court applied a strict scrutiny test in deciding the Brown case. ... This is the most stringent test that the court uses to interpret law, and allowed them to achieve the ruling that segregation was unconstitutional.

Is age strict scrutiny?

Rational basis scrutiny is applied to all other discriminatory statutes. Rational basis scrutiny currently covers all other discriminatory criteria—e.g., age, disability, wealth, political preference, political affiliation, or felons.

What is the difference between strict scrutiny and exacting scrutiny?

Exacting scrutiny requires disclosure regimes to be 'narrowly tailored' but not 'least restrictive means' Exacting scrutiny appears to be closer to strict scrutiny than the other two forms. Justice Thurgood Marshall initially used the term in his dissenting opinion in San Antonio Independent School Dist. v.

Where did strict scrutiny come from?

The notion of "levels of judicial scrutiny", including strict scrutiny, was introduced in Footnote 4 of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in United States v. Carolene Products Co. (1938), one of a series of decisions testing the constitutionality of New Deal legislation.

What is strict scrutiny intermediate scrutiny rational basis review?

The intermediate scrutiny test and the strict scrutiny test are considered more stringent than the rational basis test. The rational basis test is generally used when in cases where no fundamental rights or suspect classifications are at issue. The rational basis test is also referred to as "rational review."

What is tiered scrutiny?

The tiers of scrutiny are elements of a method of constitutional analysis in which courts examine the goal that a law purports to achieve and the means the law uses to accomplish it. ... Laws that discriminate on the basis of race or viewpoint, for instance, receive strict scrutiny.

Does strict scrutiny apply to speech?

A government regulation that implicates political or ideological speech generally receives strict scrutiny in the courts, whereby the government must show that the law is narrowly tailored to achieve a compelling government interest.

Does strict scrutiny apply to affirmative action?

Strict Scrutiny: Courts must use strict scrutiny to evaluate affirmative action programs. Strict scrutiny is the standard that is employed in litigating affirmative action cases. Strict scrutiny is applied by judges in these cases because they give preferential treatment to a class of citizens–racial minorities.

Is alienage a suspect class?

Overview. Under Equal Protection, when a statute discriminates against an individual based on a suspect classification, that statute will be subject to either strict scrutiny or intermediate scrutiny. There are four generally agreed-upon suspect classifications: race, religion, national origin, and alienage.

Is wealth a suspect class?

Wealth classifications, like other classifications not involving a suspect group or substantially burdening a fundamental right, are subject only to a rational basis review. Typically, the government need only show that the classification is rationally related to serving some legitimate state interest.

Are disabled people suspect classes?

It held that those with intellectual disabilities did not constitute a suspect or quasi-suspect class and therefore did not apply strict scrutiny to its review. ... Intellectual disability was therefore found to be a quasi-suspect classification, and the Fifth Circuit applied an intermediate level of scrutiny.

Which of the following is an example of de jure segregation?

The clearest example of de jure segregation in the United States were the state and local Jim Crow Laws that enforced racial segregation in the post-Civil War South.

What was the main reason the Brown family brought a lawsuit against the Board of Education in Topeka Kansas?

The Browns and twelve other local black families in similar situations filed a class action lawsuit in U.S. federal court against the Topeka Board of Education, alleging that its segregation policy was unconstitutional.

What was the social impact of the decision in Brown v Board of Education?

The legal victory in Brown did not transform the country overnight, and much work remains. But striking down segregation in the nation's public schools provided a major catalyst for the civil rights movement, making possible advances in desegregating housing, public accommodations, and institutions of higher education.

How does the strict scrutiny applied by the Supreme Court differ from intermediate scrutiny quizlet?

How does the strict scrutiny applied by the Supreme Court differ from intermediate scrutiny? Strict scrutiny makes it more difficult for the government to demonstrate that there is a proper basis for a law.

Who won Craig v Boren?

Yes. In a 7-to-2 decision, the Court held that the statute made unconstitutional gender classifications. The Court held that the statistics relied on by the state of Oklahoma were insufficient to show a substantial relationship between the law and the maintenance of traffic safety.

What does scrutiny mean in law?

scrutiny n

pl: -nies. : searching study or inquiry. ;specif. : judicial investigation of the constitutionality of a statutory classification of persons under the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution see also intermediate, strict scrutiny compare rational basis test.

Is stare decisis binding?

Stare decisis is a legal doctrine that obligates courts to follow historical cases when making a ruling on a similar case. Stare decisis ensures that cases with similar scenarios and facts are approached in the same way. Simply put, it binds courts to follow legal precedents set by previous decisions.