What are special and general damages?

Asked by: Major Williamson  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.2/5 (25 votes)

In tort law, special damages are damages like car dents or medical expenses that can actually be ascertained, and they are contrasted with general damages, which refer to damages for things like intentional infliction of emotional distress

intentional infliction of emotional distress
Mental suffering as an emotional response to an experience that arises from the effect or memory of a particular event, occurrence, pattern of events or condition. Emotional distress can usually be discerned from its symptoms (ex. Anxiety, depression, loss of ability to perform tasks, or physical illness).
https://www.law.cornell.edu › wex › emotional_distress
which do not have a set monetary cost.

What is a general damage?

general damages. n. monetary recovery (money won) in a lawsuit for injuries suffered (such as pain, suffering, inability to perform certain functions) or breach of contract for which there is no exact dollar value which can be calculated.

What is an example of special damages?

For example, if a person was injured in an automobile accident, the victim could seek damages that would cover medical expenses, damage to the motor vehicle, and the loss of earnings now and in the future. Each of these would be classified as special damages.

What is the difference between specific damages and general damages?

Damages to compensate a plaintiff. ... Special damages refer to 'those items of loss which the plaintiff has suffered prior to the date of trial and which are capable of precise arithmetical calculation—such as hospital expenses'. General damages refer to all injuries which are not capable of precise calculation.

What are the types of general damages?

Types of General Damages
  • physical pain and suffering.
  • physical disfigurement.
  • physical impairment.
  • mental anguish.
  • loss of companionship (paid to family members in wrongful death cases), and.
  • lowered qualify of life.


42 related questions found

What is meant by special damages?

Like ordinary damages are the right of the aggrieved party whatever loss he has suffered it will get but special damages get in a special situation so it might not get in all the situations. Some of the examples of Special damages are: Loss of business opportunities, contract and profits.

What is special loss?

Special Damages are the financial losses you suffer as a result of an accident. These include both past and future losses. By contrast to general damages, these are fixed in amount and have a precise monetary value.

How do you calculate special and general damages?

To get a reasonable starting number for negotiating general damages, many insurance companies and attorneys multiply the amount of medical special damages by a factor of 1.5 to 5, depending on the severity of the injuries. In extreme cases, a factor of more than 5 may be used.

What is schedule of special damages?

Schedule of Special Damages

This can be prepared at any time during the process of the claim and is likely to be regularly updated as the claim proceeds. The Special Damages claim could include: losses of earnings. a claim for any care and assistance required by you.

Why are special damages?

Special damages – Sometimes referred to as economic damages, special damages include out-of-pocket expenses that resulted from the negligent actions of the defendant. A goal of awarding special damages is to place the victim in a position they would be in had they not suffered their injuries.

What can you claim for special damages?

Special damages include past losses and predicted future losses, including:
  • Past and/or future loss of earnings.
  • Past and/or future medication or treatment costs.
  • Past and/or future travel expenses.
  • Past and/or future care and assistance. ...
  • Future loss of pension.

What are compensatory damages special damages general damages?

Compensatory damages are further categorized into special damages, which are economic losses such as loss of earnings, property damage and medical expenses, and general damages, which are non-economic damages such as pain and suffering and emotional distress.

What is a general damages in contract law?

General damages are such damages, which the law presumes from the breach of the contract. Generally they are awarded to compensate the affected party and its intentions was not to punish. General damages are usually judged taking into account of the actual loss suffered by the affected party.

What is special kinds of losses?

Special Losses means, for each Allocation Year, an amount equal to the Partnership's taxable income or loss for such Allocation Year, determined by taking into account only items of income, gain, deduction or loss allocable to the Partnership pursuant to Section 3.1(b) or Section 3.2(b) of the Agreement of Limited ...

What are the two limbs of Hadley v Baxendale?

The traditional approach

The case of Hadley v Baxendale identified two types of loss where a contract is breached: First Limb – Direct losses – losses which arise naturally in the ordinary course of things. These losses may include loss of profit or other losses flowing from the breach.

What is the difference between direct and indirect damages?

Direct damages are those that accident victims incur immediately as the result of the collision. ... Indirect damages are those that do not occur as the direct result of the accident but, rather, because of other damages that the victim incurred.

What are the four types of damages?

The main types of damages are compensatory, liquidation, punitive, nominal, and ordinary damages.

What is the law regarding special damages in India?

Special damages are those that do not, of course, arise from the breach of the defendant and can only be recovered if they were in the reasonable consideration of the parties at the time they made the contract. It refers to those losses that must be specifically pleaded and proven.

What are the two main categories of general damages?

The money awards (known as “damages”) available through the courts can be broken up into two main categories: pecuniary and non-pecuniary.

What are special and punitive damages?

General and special damages are compensatory damages, which serve to compensate the plaintiff for economic loss and pain and suffering, attempting to make them whole. Punitive damages are meant to punish the defendant for his or her negligence or recklessness.

What are the 3 types of compensatory damages?

The three types of damages are economic damages, non-economic damages, and punitive damages.

For what purpose are special compensatory damages awarded?

Compensatory damages, like the name suggests, are intended to compensate the injured party for loss or injury. Punitive damages are awarded to punish a wrongdoer.

Which of the following is the general goal of compensatory damages?

The goal of compensatory damages is to “make the plaintiff whole.” In other words, an attempt is made to put the person injured in the same position they would have been in without the injury ever occurring. This is generally referred to as the “made whole” rule.

What are three types of damages recoverable in a lawsuit?

There are three types of damage that form the foundation of most civil lawsuits: compensatory, nominal, and punitive.

What is the difference between punitive and compensatory damages?

Compensatory damages are given to the injured victim to help pay for medical expenses and other damages created, while punitive damages are meant to penalize the at-fault party.