What are the different stages in a criminal trial?

Asked by: Ian Waters MD  |  Last update: July 3, 2022
Score: 4.8/5 (41 votes)

Overview of the six main phases of a criminal trial, which include jury selection; opening statements; witness testimony and cross-examination; closing arguments; jury instruction; jury deliberation and verdict.

What are the 5 stages of a trial?

They five stages are as follows: the first appearance, the arraignment, motions, pre-trial conference and trial.

What are the main stages in a criminal trial?

A criminal trial typically consists of six following phases:
  • Choosing a Jury.
  • Opening Statements.
  • Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
  • Closing Arguments.
  • Jury Instruction.
  • Jury Deliberation and Announcement of Verdict.

What are the 7 steps of a trial?

7 Stages To A Criminal Trial
  • Voir Dire. Voir Dire is a fancy French word used to name jury selection. ...
  • Opening Statement. After the jury is empaneled, the trial will begin with opening statements. ...
  • State's Case in Chief. ...
  • The Defense Case. ...
  • State's Rebuttal. ...
  • Closing Arguments. ...
  • Verdict.

What are the 8 stages of a trial?

The 10 Stages Of A Criminal Trial In California
  • Stage #1: Filing Motions With The Court.
  • Stage #2: Jury Selection.
  • Stage #3: Opening Statement.
  • Stage #4:Prosecution Presents Its Case.
  • Stage #5: Defense's Case.
  • Stage #6: Prosecution Rebuttal (If Necessary)
  • Stage #7: Closing Arguments.
  • Stage #8: Jury Deliberation.

What is the Court Process of a Criminal Case?

16 related questions found

What are the 12 steps of a trial?

The process is generally as follows:
  • Filing a Complaint and Answer (Pleadings)
  • Pre-trial motions.
  • Jury Selection.
  • Opening Statement(s)
  • Presentations of Evidence.
  • Rebuttal & Surrebuttal.
  • Jury Instructions.
  • Jury Deliberation.

What are the 14 steps of a trial?

Terms in this set (14)
  • step 1: pre-trial proceedings. ...
  • step 2: jury is selected. ...
  • step 3: opening statement by plaintiff or prosecution. ...
  • step 4: opening statement by defense. ...
  • step 5: direct examination by plaintiff/ prosecution. ...
  • step 6: cross examination by defense. ...
  • step 7: motions to dismiss or ask for a directed verdict.

What are the stages of a criminal trial quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)
  • Trial Initiation. Trial begins.
  • Jury Selection. Members of the jury are chosen.
  • Opening Statements. ...
  • Presentation of Evidence. ...
  • Closing Arguments. ...
  • Judge's Charge to the Jury. ...
  • Jury Deliberations. ...
  • Verdict.

What are the steps in a criminal trial quizlet?

Terms in this set (6)
  • Arrest (1st step) Suspect is taken to the police station and booked (1st step)
  • Hearing (2nd step) Suspect appears before a judge and bail is set (2nd step)
  • Indictment (3rd step) ...
  • Arraignment (4th step) ...
  • Trial (5th step) ...
  • Acquittal or sentencing (6th step)

What are the 13 steps of the criminal justice process?

Terms in this set (13)
  • investigation. ...
  • Arrest. ...
  • Booking. ...
  • Charging. ...
  • Initial appearance. ...
  • preliminary hearing/ grand jury. ...
  • Indictment/ information. ...
  • Arraignment.

What is the first stage in the criminal case process called?

Arraignment. The suspect makes his first court appearance at the arraignment. During arraignment, the judge reads the charges filed against the defendant in the complaint and the defendant chooses to plead "guilty," "not guilty" or "no contest" to those charges.

What is the first step of a criminal trial quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)

Initial Appearance: When someone is arrested, they must be brought before a judge as quickly as possible to be charged. Judge explains charges to the defendant and reads the person their rights.

What is the process of criminal justice system?

The criminal justice system, essentially, is the system or process in the community by which crimes are investigated, and the persons suspected thereof are taken into custody, prosecuted in court and punished, if found guilty, provisions being made for their correction and rehabilitation.

What is the difference between the pretrial process and the trial process in a criminal case?

While the trial itself is a critical process, the actual outcome is often decided long before you set foot in front of a jury. The pretrial hearing happens before the trial, and it lays the foundation for everything that will come later.

What is trial initiation?

Trial Initiation

The U.S. Constitution contains a speedy trial provision in its Sixth Amendment. This guarantees that all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial. Most state legislation sets a limit of 90 or 120 days as a reasonable period of time for a trial to commence.

How might the adjudication process be improved?

How might the adjudication process be improved? Improving efficiency of the prosecution to schedule cases for trial, time with which judges resolve issues, the of time judges spend on the bench, and the economic and other costs to defendants, witnesses, and communities involved in the judicial process.

What is the meaning of adversarial system?

the type of legal system, as in the United States, in which a dispute between opposing parties is heard before an independent trier of fact (i.e., a judge or jury).

What are the different parts of a trial?

A complete criminal trial typically consists of six main phases, each of which is described in more detail below:
  • Choosing a Jury.
  • Opening Statements.
  • Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
  • Closing Arguments.
  • Jury Instruction.
  • Jury Deliberation and Verdict.

What are the 3 main components of the criminal justice system?


What are the 4 components of the criminal justice system?

The Adult Criminal Justice System. The adult criminal justice system is comprised of four components; legislation, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. Each of these four components is comprised of subcomponents. Furthermore, each component and subcomponent has a specific function.

How many stages are involved in the criminal justice process model?

5 stages of the criminal justice process.

What are the 11 steps in a trial?

Step 11 – Taking Your Case To Trial

What is the last step in a trial?

Closing arguments are the final opportunity for the prosecutor and the defense attorney to talk to the jury. These arguments allow both attorneys to summarize the testimony and evidence, and ask the jury to return a verdict of guilty or not guilty.

What are the 10 steps in the criminal justice process?

10 Major Steps in The Federal Criminal Process
  • Investigation. ...
  • Charging. ...
  • Initial Appearance / Arraignment. ...
  • Preliminary Hearing. ...
  • Discovery. ...
  • Plea Bargaining. ...
  • Pre-Trial Motions. ...
  • Trial.

What is the wedding cake model?

The wedding cake model of criminal justice is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cases at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases become less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).