What are the different stages in the evidence chain of custody?

Asked by: Prof. Ruben Wehner Sr.  |  Last update: June 23, 2022
Score: 4.7/5 (4 votes)

The chain of custody is a tracking record beginning with detailed scene notes that describe where the evidence was received or collected. Collection techniques, preservation, packaging, transportation, storage and creation of the inventory list are all part of the process used in establishing the chain of custody.

What is a chain of custody and what 3 things must be with the evidence?

Chain of custody refers to the documentation that establishes a record of the control, transfer, and disposition of evidence in a criminal case.

What are the 4 types of evidence?

There are four types evidence by which facts can be proven or disproven at trial which include:
  • Real evidence;
  • Demonstrative evidence;
  • Documentary evidence; and.
  • Testimonial evidence.

What is part of an evidence chain of custody form?

The Chain of Custody Form (CCF or CoC) is used to record all changes in the seizure, custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical and electronic evidence. A typical Chain of Custody Form will describe the evidence and detail the location and conditions under which the evidence was collected.

What is the chain of custody as it relates to evidence collection?

Evidence requires conscientious handling to avert tampering. The chain of custody is said to be the sequential documentation or trail that accounts for the sequence of custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical or electronic evidence.

Evidence Collection: Chain of Custody

36 related questions found

What is chain of custody?

Chain of custody is a process used to track the movement and control of an asset through its lifecycle by documenting each person and organization who handles an asset, the date/time it was collected or transferred, and the purpose of the transfer.

What is chain of custody rule?

Chain of custody is defined as the duly recorded authorized movements and custody of seized drugs at each stage, from the time of seizure/confiscation to receipts in the forensic laboratory, to safekeeping and to presentation in court for destruction.

What is the chain of custody quizlet?

Chain of custody: A physical log for a single piece of evidence that documents who had possession of the evidence and when the evidence was in his or her possession. It is a flowchart of the movement of evidence from collection to processing at the crime lab to presentation in court.

What are the stages of crime scene reconstruction?

The techniques used for pattern evidence reconstruction are the same as those examinations of other types of physical evidence: Recognition › Identification › Individualization › Interpretation › Reconstruction.

What is chain evidence?

The concept "chain of evidence" refers to the process of collecting, handling and preservation of evidence until its presentation in court, as part of the investigation process. Evidence is anything that tends logically to prove or disprove a fact at issue in a judicial case.

What are the 3 different types of evidence?

The Four Types of Evidence
  • Real Evidence. Real evidence is also known as physical evidence and includes fingerprints, bullet casings, a knife, DNA samples – things that a jury can see and touch. ...
  • Demonstrative Evidence. ...
  • Documentary Evidence. ...
  • Witness Testimony.

What are different forms of evidence?

20 Different types of evidence you'll see in a legal career
  • Direct evidence. Generally speaking, there are two primary types of evidence: direct and circumstantial. ...
  • Circumstantial evidence. ...
  • Physical evidence. ...
  • Individual physical evidence. ...
  • Class physical evidence. ...
  • Forensic evidence. ...
  • Trace evidence. ...
  • Testimonial evidence.

What are the three forms of evidence?

Types of legal evidence include testimony, documentary evidence, and physical evidence.

What is the second step in the procedure of chain of custody?

Chain of Custody Process
  1. Data Collection: This is where chain of custody process is initiated. ...
  2. Examination: During this process, the chain of custody information is documented outlining the forensic process undertaken. ...
  3. Analysis: This stage is the result of the examination stage.

What is chain of custody PDF?

chain of custody is to prove that evidence has not been. altered or changed through all phases, and must include. documentation on how evidence is gathered, how is. transported, analyzed and presented.

What is the importance of following the chain of custody?

To keep track of evidence at all times, a chain of custody must be established to rule out the possibility of mishandling or tampering. This article will describe the importance of chain of custody in legal proceedings and provide tips on how to make a chain of custody more secure.

What are 4 different types of crime scenes?

Different types of crime scenes include outdoors, indoor, and conveyance. Outdoor crime scenes are the most difficult to investigate. The exposure to elements such as rain, wind, or heat, as well as animal activity, contaminates the crime scene and leads to the destruction of evidence.

What is evidence reconstruction?

Event reconstruction looks at connections between evidence, sequence of events, and identity of those involved. Physical evidence reconstruction focuses on such items as firearms, blood traces, glass fragments, and any other objects that can be stripped for DNA analysis.

What is processing a crime scene?

Policy Center Resource. Documentation, collection, and preservation of evidence are crucial steps in criminal investigation and often provide the basis for effective identification, documentation, prosecution, and conviction of perpetrators.

What is the chain of custody and why is it important quizlet?

The chain of custody is used to track the people who came in contact with evidence. The chain of custody starts at the moment evidence is discovered. It lists the identity of the person who discovered, logged, gathered, protected, transported, stored, and presented the evidence.

Which of the following describes chain of custody phlebotomy?

Answer: D - Chain of custody is the process of maintaining control of a specimen from point of collection until the test is completed. The specimen is packaged in a permanently sealed, tamper proof container.

What are the four 4 links of chain of custody in drug cases?

The SC said under the law, the chain of custody is divided into four links -- seizure and marking, if practicable of the illegal drug recovered from the accused by the apprehending officer; turnover of the illegal drug seized by the apprehending officer to the investigating officer; turnover by the investigating ...

What are the four 4 links in the chain of custody of drug evidence?

It held that the chain of custody has four links: first, the seizure and marking, if practicable, of the illegal drug recovered from the accused by the apprehending officer; second, the turnover of the illegal drug seized by the apprehending officer to the investigating officer; third, the turnover by the investigating ...

What is an evidence custodian?

Evidence custodian means an employee designated by a traffic law enforcement authority to administer the evidence found and recovered, including the evidence storage facilities, and to monitor and provide functional supervision over the evidence program; Sample 1.

What is the first step in establishing the chain of custody?

Data collection: the chain of custody starts from the first item of data collected. The examiner must 'tag' each item acquired and document the source, how and when it was collected, where it is stored, and who has access.