What does battery mean in law?

Asked by: Dorris Trantow  |  Last update: December 26, 2022
Score: 4.9/5 (30 votes)

Definition. 1. In criminal law, this is a physical act that results in harmful or offensive contact with another person without that person's consent. 2. In tort law, the intentional causation of harmful or offensive contact with another's person without that person's consent.

What does being charged by a battery mean?

Generally, battery is the intentional act of making contact with another person in a harmful or offensive manner. Depending on jurisdiction, assault is either the exact same act or it is an attempt or threat to cause bodily injury.

What's the difference between battery & assault?

Assault refers to the wrong act of causing someone to reasonably fear imminent harm. This means that the fear must be something a reasonable person would foresee as threatening to them. Battery refers to the actual wrong act of physically harming someone.

What type of law is battery?

A battery is an intentional tort, as opposed to an act resulting from negligence.

Is hitting someone a battery or assault?

A common mistake when it comes to assault and battery is that assault refers to the violent act of a person hitting or striking someone else, while battery refers to threatening behaviour.

Assault and Battery - Tort Law

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Is battery a result crime?

It is a result crime in that the charge depends wholly on the result induced by the commission of the assault; it must result in actual bodily harm.

What is an example of battery?

Unwanted Touching

Touching a person that does not invite touching or blatantly says to stop is battery. For example, going by a coworker's desk and continually pinching, slapping, or punching them, when the force is strong enough to hurt them and your intent is to hurt them, would constitute battery.

Is battery worse than GBH?

ABH and GBH (grievous bodily harm) are terms used to describe the severity of injuries in cases where there has been an unlawful application of force. It is effectively a more serious form of battery.

Can battery without assault?

Battery also differs from assault in that it does not require the victim to be in apprehension of harm. In short, one can have an assault without a battery and a battery without an assault, but in most cases, battery follows an assault. This article shall provide the basic law applicable to assault and battery.

What are the 3 elements of battery?

The following elements must be proven to establish a case for battery: (1) an act by a defendant; (2) an intent to cause harmful or offensive contact on the part of the defendant; and (3) harmful or offensive contact to the plaintiff.

What happens in a battery case?

California Penal Code Section 243(a) makes misdemeanor battery punishable by a fine of up to $2,000, by imprisonment in a county jail for up to six months, or by both. Under California Penal Code Section 243(c), inflicting an injury against anyone in the course of battery can increase the penalties substantially.

Is punching someone a felony?

What kind of crime is punching someone? Punching or striking another person is considered a crime of battery. In the case of punching someone, it's likely to be classified as either simple battery, which is a misdemeanour, or aggravated battery, which is a felony crime.

Is kissing someone a battery?

Since kissing is an offensive act, and the Defendant intended to do this act, he is liable for Battery even though his motive is innocent.

What is a battery charge UK?

A battery is committed when a person intentionally and recklessly applies unlawful force to another – essentially, it is a more serious form of assault. Cases of battery can include instances in which a person is pushed, slapped or even spat at.

Why is it called battery crime?

In an act of physical violence by one person against another, "assault" is usually paired with battery. In an act of physical violence, assault refers to the act which causes the victim to apprehend imminent physical harm, while battery refers to the actual act causing the physical harm.

What does battery mean in slang?

Definition of battery

1a : the act of beating someone or something with successive blows : the act of battering (see batter entry 1 sense 1) b law : an offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent evidence that supports a charge of battery — compare assault entry 1 sense 2a.

Is battery a tort or crime?

Civil assault and battery are torts. A tort is a wrong committed by one person against another, causing damage. Specifically, civil assault and battery are intentional torts.

Is battery strict liability?


Torts such as battery, libel, negligence, and nuisance are wrongs, yet all are “strictly” defined in the sense of setting objective and thus quite demanding standards of conduct.

What is battery commit?

A battery takes place when a person commits an act that does inflict physical harm on another. An assault is like an attempted battery, while a battery is like a completed assault.

What is the difference between negligence and battery?

Battery is defined as, "an intentional act". If a person with a home owner's insurance policy negligently falls into you in a movie line because he wasn't watching where he was walking and causes you injury, his home owner's insurance policy will provide the careless person coverage for his negligent acts.

Is tapping someone on the shoulder assault?

Realistically, nobody walks around with a glass shoulder, police seldom charge someone for just tapping someone on the shoulder to get their attention, although they could. The point here is that one need not really attack someone to be charged with assault and battery.

Can you go to jail for trying to kiss someone?

They don't always go to jail. The difference is when the kiss is more than just touching of lips to skin. In general, the kiss becomes problematic when it any sort of intimate element or intent. The factual circumstances of the touching will contribute heavily as to whether the kiss held an intimate intent or element.

Is a hug battery?

Non-Offensive Touching

So, for instance, if a neighbor heard upon the death of your mother, the neighbor may hug you. Though you did not want the hug, it was not intended to be offense, violent, disrespectful, or rude, so it may not qualify as battery under California law.

Is shouting at someone assault?

If the person yelling at you does anything to indicate they will carry out their threat – such as clenching their fists or pulling out a knife – then part 2 of the statute is more likely to apply. In short, simply yelling at someone may not be enough to lead to criminal charges.

Can you punch someone if they spit on you?

In addition to battery, the crime of “assault” under Penal Code § 240 is also available for spitting. This crime covers the attempt to use force or violence rather than the actual contact. This means that spitting toward someone is a crime in and of itself, whether the spit makes contact or not.