What IPC 499?

Asked by: Danyka Stracke  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (18 votes)

Section 499 of the Indian Penal Code talks about defamation. So, what is defamation? Any person who by spoken or written words, signs or visible gestures creates or publishes any imputation on any person with an intention to harm the reputation of that person.

What is the punishment for Section 499?

Whoever defames another shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

Is IPC 499 bailable or not?

Section 499 of IPC defines criminal defamation and Section 500, punishment for it. Defamation could be by words spoken, written, signs, gestures and much more. ... Defamation is a noncognizable and bailable offense under the criminal procedure code. Hence, no person can be arrested by a mere complaint against him.

Is IPC section 500 bailable?

Section 500 of the IPC reads as follow:

Importantly, it's a non-cognizable, bailable offence. This means that the accused can't be arrested without a warrant or permission of the court.

Why is Section 499 and 500 IPC challenged?

The basic reason was that it was an unreasonable restriction on the constitutionally-guaranteed Right, i.e., Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression enshrined under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India.

Defamation in IPC explained with cases | Section 499 to 502 of IPC explained | Libel and Slander

28 related questions found

What is criminal defamation case?

As per Black's Law Dictionary, defamation means “The offence of injuring a person's character, fame, or reputation by false and malicious statements”. ... Generally, defamation requires that there is a false publication and without the consent of the allegedly defamed person.

What are the 5 elements of defamation?

As a result, in order to prove defamation five key elements must be at play.
  • A statement of fact. ...
  • A published statement. ...
  • The statement caused injury. ...
  • The statement must be false. ...
  • The statement is not privileged. ...
  • Getting legal advice.

How many exception of an offence defamation are given in section 499?

Section 499 provides the definition of defamation and all the cases and exceptions of the act of defamation. This is a lengthy Section with explanations and in total 10 exceptions included in it.

What do you do if someone defames your character?

Any person aggrieved of cyber defamation can lodge a complaint to the Cyber Crime Investigation Cell at the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal.

Can a wife file defamation against husband?

yes you may file criminal and civil defamation cases as well as claim damages under the pretext of false 498a case which is now been dismissed and ruled in your favour and does amount to malicious prosecution.

Can I sue someone for character assassination?

"Defamation of character" is a catch-all term for any statement that hurts someone's reputation. ... A person who has been defamed can sue the person who did the defaming for damages.

What is Section 500 of IPC?

Section 500 in The Indian Penal Code. 500. Punishment for defamation. —Whoever defames another shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

What IPC 505?

Whoever makes, publishes or circulates any statement or report containing rumour or alarming news with intent to create or promote, or which is likely to create or promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, feelings of enmity, hatred or ...

What IPC 507?

According to section 507 of Indian penal code, Whoever commits the offence of criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication, or having taken precaution to conceal the name or abode of the person from whom the threat comes, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ...

What IPC 498?

—Whoever takes or entices away any woman who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of any other man, from that man, or from any person having the care of her on behalf of that man, with intent that she may have illicit intercourse with any person, or conceals or detains with that intent any such ...

Can I sue someone for insulting me in India?

Anyone who feels he or she has been wrongly accused of something by someone in public, through words or gestures, spoken, written, or by inference can file a defamation suit in a court of law claiming that the accusation levelled deals a blow to his/her reputation. ...

What happens in defamation case?

In a civil defamation case, a person who is defamed can move either High Court or subordinate courts and seek damages in the form of monetary compensation from the accused. Also, under sections 499 and 500 of the IPC, a person guilty of criminal defamation can be sent to jail for two years.

Does media have any protection against defamation cases?

The legal system of India constitutes defamatory statement as a offence. The constitutional aspect of the media law involves to certain fundamental freedoms. There is no direct freedom given in concerned with media law but indirect freedom falls under the Article 19.

When can I file defamation case?

A criminal defamation can be filed through private complaint with magistrate under section 499 and 500 of indian penal code. There is no court fees in criminal matters expect ticket fees. The procedure in civil court and criminal case take time they can go for 2-3 years and fees of lawyer is also needed to be paid.

Can defamation case be filed against police?

Defamation suit against police officers

As discussed above, police officers are protected under immunity from any type of criminal prosecution under Sections 132 and 197 of CrPC. But Defamation can be both criminal and civil. Under civil law, defamation is treated as a tort and a suit can be filed for damages.

How do you stop someone from spreading lies about you?

A cease and desist letter is just what it sounds like – a letter. You write and send this letter to the person spreading lies about you or threatening to do so. It is essentially a written demand that the person or company stop defaming you or else face serious consequences.

Can I report slander to the police?

If written it is a libel; if spoken it is a slander. ... If the offence alleged is one that carries a prison sentence then a slander is actionable per se (this means it is not necessary to prove damages; they are presumed, as in an action for libel).

How do you stop someone from slandering you?

In order to have them considered libel and slander, it must be proved that the things said or written had a detrimental effect on your business or personal reputation. If this is occurring to you, you can write a cease-and-desist letter that orders an individual or larger entity to stop these actions.

What are the types of defamation?

There are two ways through which we can transmit the defamatory statement. One is through slander and another one is through libel. Libel is done through text or graphic and it is permanent in nature.

Is defamation a criminal offence?

Defamation is an offence under both the civil and criminal law. In civil law, defamation is punishable under the Law of Torts by imposing punishment in the form of damages to be awarded to the claimant. Under the Criminal law, Defamation is a bailable, non-cognizable offence and compoundable offence.