What is a bail in India?Asked by: Ricardo Heller | Last update: December 25, 2022
Score: 5/5 (30 votes)
Bail is referred to as the temporary release of the accused in a criminal case in which the court has a trial pending and is yet to announce the judgement. The word Bail comes from the French word bailer, which means 'to give or deliver'.
What is the bail process in India?
The application for bail shall be filed before the Magistrate, who is conducting the trial. The application after being filed is usually listed on the next day. On such day, the application will be heard, and the police shall also present the accused in court. The magistrate may pass such orders, as he thinks fit.
What happens after getting bail in India?
You have to wait for the summons to be received from court which will happen after the police is submitting the charge sheet before court. The complainant need not go to court. After bail your mother have to appear for every hearing of court other wise court will again issue Non bailable warrant against her.
What are the bail charges in India?
Basic expenditure to get an anticipatory bail
An anticipatory bail can cost you around Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 30,000, depending on the seriousness of your case and the skills and experience of your lawyer.
What are the types of bail in India?
Broadly speaking there are three categories of bail and they are- i] bail in bailable offences, ii] bail in non bailable offences, iii]anticipatory bail, BAIL IN BAILABLE OFFENCES, Section 436 of the Code of Criminal Procedure deals with provisions of bail in bailable offences.
What is Bail? Section 436-439 of CrPC | Procedure for Bail
Why is bail given?
Bail is a mechanism used to ensure that the accused is present before the court and is available for Trial. The sections 436 to 439 of the Criminal Procedure Code deal with the concept of Bail.
Can bail be Cancelled?
Bail granted can be cancelled on the ground which has arisen after the bail was granted.:-It is generally presumed that at the time of hearing of the bail application, the prosecution has raised all possible grounds which could go against the accused in the matter of bail and, therefore, when once bail has been granted ...
Is bail money returned in India?
Is bail amount refundable India? No. The money that is held by courts through bail money or through other means (official liquidator or Court receiver) are interest free deposits. ... Bail amount can not be refunded.
What happens after bail is granted?
What is bail? If a defendant is granted bail it means they are allowed back into the public while they await trial or further police investigations, instead of being remanded in custody (ie, locked up). A person can be released on bail at any point from the moment they have been arrested.
Do you get bail money back if innocent India?
The bail amount is refunded by the court to the innocent at the end of his/her trial. The court does not return it with interest.
Can bail be rejected?
An order rejecting a plea for bail in non-bailable offences is in the discretionary domain of the Court and such a case can be decided without delving into details, it can be rejected simpliciter on the gravity of the offence and the perception that liberty, if granted, will be abused by the accused.
In what cases bail Cannot be granted?
Bail cannot be granted, especially to an accused in a heinous crime, as a “matter of course”. Courts should exercise their discretion in a “judicious manner”, the Supreme Court has held in a judgment. Besides, bail without giving a cogent reason in a cryptic order cannot be sustained, a Bench of Justices L.
How long can you be on bail for?
Bail can be either unconditional or conditional, the latter being that certain restrictions and conditions are put on defendants such as not being able to contact a complainant or go to a certain location. The initial bail period is 28 days but can be extended up to 3 months by a Superintendent.
Can police grant bail in India?
An officer- in-charge of the police station may grant bail only when there are no reasonable grounds for believing that the accused has committed a non- bailable offence or when the non-bailable offence complained of is not punishable with death or life imprisonment.
What are the conditions of bail?
- The undertaking shall be effective upon approval, and unless cancelled, shall remain in force at all stages of the case.
- The accused shall appear before the proper court whenever required by the court or by the Rules of Court.
What are the different types of bail?
Bail may be given in the form of corporate surety, property bond, cash deposit, or recognizance (Sec. 1).
Who grants bail?
Court bail: set by the judge in the District Court. The prisoner (or his/her surety) must pay the court at least one-third of the amount of money promised in the bail bond. High Court bail: if the prisoner is charged with a very serious crime, only the High Court can grant bail.
What happens if bail is denied?
If the person released on bail fails to comply with the conditions in the bail bond as regards time and place of attendance, the court may refuse him to be released on bail when he appears on a subsequent occasion. The bond executed by him and his surety stand cancelled under Section 446-A of CrPC.
What's the difference between bail and bond?
Bail is the money a defendant must pay in order to get out of jail. A bond is posted on a defendant's behalf, usually by a bail bond company, to secure his or her release. Defendants with pending warrants are usually not eligible for bail.
What documents are required for bail in India?
- Bank Passbook.
- Credit Card with photograph.
- Ration card.
- Electricity bill.
- Landline telephone bill.
- Voter ID card issued by the Election Commission of India.
- Property Tax Register.
Can a person on bail travel abroad?
Unless the court has restrained you from travelling abroad you are at liberty to travel. The mere filing of the case, without being coupled with a restraint order from the court, does not prevent the accused from going out of India. However, it depends on the conditions on which your bail was granted.
How do I stop bail?
Yes you can file an objection by virtue of an affidavit filed before the hon'ble high court under section 302 of crpc by engaging an advocate. But after the chargesheet is filed it is the discretion of the concerned court at last can grant bail to the accused.
What is anticipatory bail in India?
India November 12 2021. Anticipatory bail, as the name suggests, is bail granted to a person in anticipation and apprehending arrest. It is a preventive relief which was not originally included in The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 ('CrPC').
Who can cancel a bail?
State of M.P (2004 13 SCC 617) where the Apex Court has held, “Bail can be cancelled on the existence of cogent and overwhelming circumstances but not on reappreciation of the facts of the case.” The reason is due to the provision of Section 362 of CrPC which bars a Court from altering or reviewing any case where a ...
In what cases bail will be granted?
First, it is often granted after the arrest; Second, it is often granted to an individual who has been an undertrial prisoner for committing a non-bailable offense and; Third, a bail application also can be filed by an individual, who was convicted by the court and preferred an appeal against conviction.