What is a fair procedure for dismissal?

Asked by: Taylor Donnelly V  |  Last update: July 30, 2022
Score: 4.8/5 (71 votes)

Your dismissal from your job may be 'fair' if your employer can prove it results from one (or more) of the following: Your capability to do the job. Your competence to do the job. Your qualifications for the job. Your conduct (behaviour)

How do you carry out a fair dismissal?

Dismissing someone fairly
  1. believe they have a valid reason for dismissing them.
  2. follow a full and fair procedure in line with the Acas Code of Practice on disciplinary and grievance procedures.
  3. make a decision that's balanced, consistent and as fair as possible.

What are the four major grounds for dismissal?

The “causes” that are grounds for dismissal run the gamut including: illegal activity such as stealing or revealing trade secrets, dishonesty, breaking company rules, harassing or disrupting other workers, insubordination, excessive unexcused absences, and poor job performance by some objective measure.

What is fairness in the disciplinary process?

What is Procedural Fairness? In regard to the workplace, 'Procedural Fairness' refers to an employee being given an opportunity to defend themselves and raise any other mitigating circumstances before a disciplinary or performance decision is reached. This term is also often referred to as 'natural justice'.

What is a valid reason for dismissal?

Performance. An employee may be dismissed from their job for poor performance. Generally, poor performance is when an employee has not been performing their role to a satisfactory standard. If you have been under-performing in your role, this may be a valid reason for dismissal.

Fair Reasons for Dismissal

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What are the 5 fair reasons for dismissal?

A run-down of the most common reasons to dismiss an employee.
  1. Failure to do the job. Perhaps the most obvious (and arguably fairest) reason would be an employee's failure to do their job properly. ...
  2. Misconduct. Another common reason for dismissal is misconduct. ...
  3. Long term sick. ...
  4. Redundancy.

What are the 6 fair reasons for dismissal?

6 Reasons You Can Rely on For Dismissing an Employee
  • Misconduct. Conduct in the workplace is one of the most common reasons for firing a member of staff. ...
  • Capability or qualifications. ...
  • Redundancy. ...
  • Continued employment would be against the law. ...
  • Retirement. ...
  • Some other substantial reason.

What are examples of procedural fairness?

For instance, procedural fairness would apply to a decision to cancel a licence or benefit; to discipline an employee; to impose a penalty; or to publish a report that may damage a person's reputation.

What makes a dismissal procedurally unfair?

Procedural fairness

Even where an employer has established that the reason for dismissal is potentially fair, the dismissal may be found to have been unfair where the employer has failed to follow a fair procedure. Employers must follow the Acas Code of Practice on Disciplinary and Grievance procedures.

What are the two components of procedural fairness?

Primary elements of procedural fairness
  • Processing without undue delay.
  • The right to fair and impartial decision-making.
  • The applicant's right to be heard.
  • Whoever hears must decide.
  • Legitimate expectation.
  • Decisions must be based on the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) and Regulations (IRPR)

Can you be dismissed without warning?

An employer can dismiss an employee without giving notice if it's because of gross misconduct (when an employee has done something that's very serious or has very serious effects). The employer must have followed a fair procedure.

What are the 3 forms of dismissal?

Types of dismissal
  • Fair dismissal. Fair dismissal is when an employer has sound and justifiable reasons for carrying out a dismissal. ...
  • Voluntary redundancy. ...
  • Unfair dismissal. ...
  • Constructive dismissal. ...
  • Wrongful dismissal.

What is classed as gross misconduct?

Gross misconduct can include things like theft, physical violence, gross negligence or serious insubordination. With gross misconduct, you can dismiss the employee immediately as long as you follow a fair procedure.

What is procedural fairness in unfair dismissal?

Procedural fairness (sometimes referred to as natural justice) is when an employer gives an employee a fair and reasonable opportunity to respond to matters or evidence that the employer suggests justifies employment termination.

Can you instantly dismiss an employee?

If misconduct of an employee is so serious that it undermines the mutual trust and confidence between the employee and their employer and merits instant dismissal, this is known as gross misconduct. In this situation, the employee can be summarily (ie instantly) dismissed.

Can an employee be dismissed without a disciplinary hearing?

In terms of our labour legislation, an employer cannot just dismiss you without a fair and impartial disciplinary hearing. Generally, employees can be dismissed for one of three reasons, namely misconduct, incapacity and operational requirements. In your case, the dismissal is for alleged misconduct.

What are the four principles of procedural fairness?

Procedural justice speaks to four principles, often referred to as the four pillars: 1) being fair in processes, 2) being transparent in actions, 3) providing opportunity for voice, and 4) being impartial in decision making.

What is procedurally unfair?

Employers often find themselves having to pay out money in compensation at the CCMA because of procedural unfairness. This is usually brought about by a failure on the part of the employer to follow fair procedure, or a failure by the employer to follow his own disciplinary procedure.

How do courts ensure procedural fairness?

14.20 Procedural fairness traditionally involves two requirements: the fair hearing rule and the rule against bias. The hearing rule requires a decision maker to afford a person an opportunity to be heard before making a decision affecting their interests.

When can an employee be fairly dismissed?

Fair procedure must be complied with for dismissal to be fair”. In order for dismissal to be fair, both substantive and procedural fairness must be complied with. Failure to comply with either or both, will result in the dismissal of an Employee being deemed unfair.

On what grounds can you dismiss an employee?

The 5 fair reasons for dismissal
  • Conduct. In this case, an employee is being dismissed due to a reason related to their conduct. ...
  • Capability or performance. ...
  • Redundancy. ...
  • Statutory illegality or breach of a statutory restriction. ...
  • Some other substantial reason.

How do you prove unfair dismissal?

To prove that a dismissal was automatically unfair, the reasons that prompted the employer to dismiss the employee must be identified and it must be established that the employer was motivated by one or more of the reasons listed to get rid of the employee.

What's a sackable offence?

/ (ˈsækəbəl) / adjective. of or denoting an offence, infraction of rules, etc, that is sufficently serious to warrant dismissal from an employment.

Can you be sacked for gross misconduct without evidence?

In fact even without such evidence, the mere fact that your employer is proceeding down a gross misconduct route (rather than a less serious one, such as an informal discussion) all point to a likely dismissal. The question of whether or not you should resign before a gross misconduct hearing is one we are often asked.

Does gross misconduct always end in dismissal?

In most cases summary dismissal will be justified by a single incident of gross misconduct, although there are instances where the cumulative effect of a series of acts showing a pattern of serious misconduct may also warrant dismissal without notice or pay in lieu of notice.