What is a lawsuit called that involves a group of people who all have the same damages?

Asked by: Meda Tromp  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.7/5 (41 votes)

A "class action" lawsuit is one in which a group of people with the same or similar injuries caused by the same product or action sue the defendant as a group. Other names for lawsuits brought by a number of people who suffered similar harm or losses are "mass tort litigation" and "multi-district litigation" ("MDL").

What is a collective lawsuit called?

A class action, also known as a class-action lawsuit, class suit, or representative action, is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member or members of that group.

What is a multiple person lawsuit?

The idea behind a class action lawsuit is to award a number of people the same amount of compensation as a result of suffering injuries from the same defendant(s). When a group of people pursues a class action lawsuit, the members do not have to pay for legal costs or appear in court to represent their interests.

What is a multi plaintiff lawsuit?

Multiple plaintiffs, or people, who have been injured; The injury or injuries are the same or substantially similar; and/or. The injured people are suing the same defendants.

What is a mass tort suit?

A mass tort is a single wrongful action that causes injury to many different people. These injured people can come together in a single mass tort lawsuit, seeking justice for their various injuries against just one defendant (or maybe a few).

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36 related questions found

What is the difference between a tort claim and a lawsuit?

A lawsuit is a formal case that has been filed in the appropriate court of law, while a tort claim is usually an informal notice of claim that may trigger an informal resolution without the cost of litigation.

What is the difference between tort and class action?

The primary difference between these two forms of lawsuits is a plaintiff's level of control over the case. Mass torts are closer to traditional injury claims, where every plaintiff is treated as an individual in the suit. Class actions are typically larger than mass torts and include more plaintiffs.

What is a class action MDL?

A class-action case involves a single lawsuit filed by a large group of people who have suffered similar harm by the same defendant (or defendants). ... Multi-district litigation (MDL) may involve multiple lawsuits filed by different parties.

What is a class action lawsuit example?

A common example is pharmaceutical fraud that results in the manufacture and distribution of a harmful drug that is used by many patients. Other injury examples include mass disasters such as social work or nursing home negligence, human rights violations, sexual abuse and sports litigation.

What is the difference between MDL and class action?

The main difference between MDLs and class actions is the status of the plaintiffs within the litigation. MDLs often involve a group of distinct individuals or groups of individuals. ... Class action suits typically have a few plaintiffs that represent the interests of a large group of affected individuals.

What does limited civil case mean?

Civil Court Cases. Civil court cases are divided into types depending on how much money they are worth. Limited civil case — A general civil case that involves an amount of money of $25,000 or less. Unlimited civil case — A general civil case that involves an amount of money over $25,000.

How do I sue multiple people at once?

Yes, you can join multiple claims and parties into one lawsuit through joinder. For example, if one person breaches a contract with you and assaults you when you sue them for breach of contract you can join the claims of breach of contract and assault into one lawsuit against the individual.

What is meant by comparative negligence?

A tort rule for allocating damages when both parties are at least somewhat at fault. In a situation where both the plaintiff and the defendant were negligent, the jury allocates fault, usually as a percentage (for example, a jury might find that the plaintiff was 30% at fault and the defendant was 70% at fault).

What makes a case a class action?

When a group of people who have been injured in a similar manner file a single lawsuit to seek compensation as a group, this is known as a “class action lawsuit.” You may also hear these types of cases referred to as “multi-district litigation” or “mass tort litigation.” Often, these cases are filed against ...

Who is the named plaintiff in a class action lawsuit?

A named plaintiff, also referred to as a class representative, is a party who sues on behalf of a group of individuals with common claims. The representative is a party to the litigation and "stand[s] in judgment for those who are not." Hansberry v. Lee, 311 U.S. 32, 43 (1940).

What is the difference between a class action and a collective action?

The class action device simplifies litigation involving large numbers of individuals with similar claims and encourages a uniform decision for the claims. The collective action procedure permits the aggregation of claims by "similarly situated" individuals.

What is a Class Action Suit AP Gov?

class action suit. Lawsuit brought by an individual or a group of people on behalf of all those similarly situated. defendant. In a criminal action, the person or party accused of an offense.

What is the biggest lawsuit ever?

Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement

The largest civil litigation settlement in U.S. history occurred in 1998 between the attorneys general of 46 states, Washington, D.C., and five U.S. territories, and the nation's four largest tobacco companies.

What is a group action law?

Group Litigations are where a number of individuals with similar claims, arising from similar circumstances (and usually against the same Defendant(s), come together to proceed as a single group.

What are MDL cases?

Multi-District Litigation: Multi-District Litigation cases (MDL's) are cases involving one or more common questions of fact which have been transferred from different districts by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation to a single district for coordinated or consolidated pretrial proceedings under 28 U.S.C.

What is a consolidated class action?

Consolidated action is also called class action or representative action. It is a form of lawsuit where a large group of people collectively bring a claim to court and/or where a class of defendants is being sued. In the U.S., state cases will not be included in federal consolidated actions.

What does MDL mean in legal?

An MDL. It stands for "multidistrict litigation," a type of legal proceeding designed to help federal courts efficiently manage many related cases filed in different jurisdictions. The federal MDL statute, 28 U.S.C.

What is a mass tort lawyer?

Litigating mass claims arising from single events and multiple-events occurring over time, such as cases involving defective drugs or medical devices.

What is a toxic tort case?

REV. 1319, 1334 (2004), for purposes of this Article toxic tort cases involve plaintiffs who have been exposed to allegedly toxic substances, such as chemicals, asbestos fibers, or a pharmaceutical product, and allege that this exposure has caused their cancer, birth defect, or other injury.

What is the defense called against intentional wrong torts?

Defense to an Intentional Tort: Self-Defense

You don't have to stand by idly if you're being harmed by another person. You have the right to take reasonable steps to prevent injury to yourself. While "self-defense" can be raised as a defense to criminal acts, it's also a defense to some intentional torts.