What is concurrent jurisdiction quizlet?

Asked by: Francisca Dickens  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.3/5 (30 votes)

concurrent jurisdiction. power shared by federal and State courts to hear certain cases. plaintiff. in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another (the defendant) in court.

What does concurrent jurisdiction refer to?

Two or more courts have concurrent jurisdiction over a case if all of the courts have the power to hear it. ... Similarly, a state court of general jurisdiction might have concurrent jurisdiction with specialized courts in the same state, such as family courts or small claims courts.

What is the original jurisdiction quizlet?

Original Jurisdiction. The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time as opposed to appellate jurisdiction when a court has the power to review a lower court's decision. Appellate Jurisdiction.

What is original jurisdiction and which courts have it quizlet?

Original jurisdiction is a court in which a case is first heard while appellate jurisdiction is a court in which a case is heard on appeal from a lower court. The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction.

What is concurrent jurisdiction AP?

Concurrent Jurisdiction. Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases. Concurring Opinion. A Supreme Court opinion by 1/more justices who agree with the majority's conclusion but for different reasons.


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What is a concurring opinion AP Gov?

Concurring opinion – An opinion that agrees with the majority in a Supreme Court ruling but differs on the reasoning.

What is stare decisis quizlet?

Stare Decisis. The doctrine by which judges are obligated to follow precedents established within a particular jurisdiction. Precedent. The authority afforded to a prior judicial decision by judges deciding subsequent disputes involving the same or similar facts and the same jurisdictions substantive law.

What is the difference between exclusive and concurrent jurisdiction?

In civil procedure, exclusive jurisdiction exists where one court has the power to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of all other courts. It is the opposite situation from concurrent jurisdiction (or non exclusive jurisdiction), in which more than one court may take jurisdiction over the case.

What are the three types of court jurisdiction?

The 5 Types of Jurisdiction That May Apply to Your Criminal Case
  • Subject-Matter Jurisdiction.
  • Territorial Jurisdiction.
  • Personal Jurisdiction.
  • General and Limited Jurisdiction.
  • Exclusive / Concurrent Jurisdiction.

What is jurisdiction quizlet?

Jurisdiction. the authority of a court to hear and decide cases within an area of the law or a geographical territory.

What are the 4 types of jurisdiction quizlet?

Terms in this set (4)
  • Exclusive jurisdiction. Only federal courts have authority to hear , state courts cannot.
  • Concurrent Jurisdiction. Federal or state courts could hear.
  • Original Jurisdiction. Court is the first one to hear case.
  • Appelate Jurisdiction. Court can only hear a case on appeal.

What are the 4 types of jurisdiction?

There are four main types of jurisdiction (arranged from greatest Air Force authority to least): (1) exclusive federal jurisdiction; (2) concurrent federal jurisdic- tion; (3) partial federal jurisdiction; and (4) proprietary jurisdiction.

What are the 6 types of jurisdiction?

Overview of the Types of Jurisdictions
  • Jurisdiction. ...
  • Appellate Jurisdiction. ...
  • Subject Matter Jurisdiction. ...
  • Personal Jurisdiction. ...
  • Diversity Jurisdiction. ...
  • Concurrent Jurisdiction. ...
  • Exclusive Jurisdiction.

What is concurrent jurisdiction give an example?

Concurrent jurisdiction allows more than one court to have the authority to hear the same case. ... Concurrent jurisdiction can also occur between federal and state courts as well. For example, let's say you're at your neighborhood bakery, and you bite into one of your favorite pastries and break a tooth on a paper clip.

What is concurrent jurisdiction examples?

Therefore, federal and state courts may have concurrent jurisdiction over specific crimes. For example, a person who robs a bank may be tried and convicted in state court for robbery, then tried and convicted in federal court for the federal offense of robbery of a federally-chartered savings institution.

What is concurrent jurisdiction in Tanzania?

(iii) Concurrent Jurisdiction: means more than one Court has jurisdiction over the matter. E.g. Divorce petition can either be filed in Primary Court, D.C, RMC or H. Court; S. 66 of the Law of Marriage Act, 1971, S.

What are the 2 types of jurisdiction?

The two types of jurisdiction exercised by courts are original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction.

What is the meaning of territorial jurisdiction?

Territorial jurisdiction refers to power of the court to inquire and proceed with the trial of matter that is presented before it.

What are the two types of jurisdiction?

Types of Jurisdictions
  • Original Jurisdiction– the court that gets to hear the case first. ...
  • Appellate Jurisdiction– the power for a higher court to review a lower courts decision. ...
  • Exclusive Jurisdiction– only that court can hear a specific case.

What is concurrent jurisdiction India?

Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two or more courts from different systems simultaneously have jurisdiction over a particular case. In this situation, parties will try to have their civil or criminal case heard in the court that they perceive will be most favourable to them.

What is concurrent jurisdiction and how is it resolved?

The authority of several different courts, each of which is authorized to entertain and decide cases dealing with the same subject matter. State and federal courts possess concurrent jurisdiction over particular civil lawsuits, such as an action to declare a state law unconstitutional.

What is exclusive jurisdiction in simple words?

— exclusive jurisdiction. : jurisdiction granted only to a particular court to the exclusion of others federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases.

What is a writ of mandamus quizlet?

Writ of Mandamus. An extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a ministerial act that the law recognizes as an absolute duty and not a matter for the official's discretion. Stare decisis. A Latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand." Most cases reaching appellate courts are settled on this principle.

Does stare decisis means let the decision stand?

stare decisis, (Latin: “let the decision stand”), in Anglo-American law, principle that a question once considered by a court and answered must elicit the same response each time the same issue is brought before the courts. The principle is observed more strictly in England than in the United States.

What is a stare decisis example?

Under the rule of stare decisis, courts are obligated to uphold their previous rulings or the rulings made by higher courts within the same court system. For example, the Kansas state appellate courts will follow their precedent, the Kansas Supreme Court precedent, and the U.S. Supreme Court precedent.