What is cyber libel in the Philippines?

Asked by: Wilma Dare IV  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (37 votes)

Proceeding from the definition of libel under Article 353 of the Revised Penal Code, cyber libel is defined as a public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit, or contempt of a ...

What is cyber libel case in the Philippines?

The cyber-libel case was filed by a college professor against Ressa and a reporter at her site, Rappler, in October over a story which alleged that the professor gave students better grades in exchange for money, an accusation he denied.

Can a person go to jail for libel Philippines?

If a defamatory statement is considered grave oral defamation, the maximum penalty provided under the Revised Penal Code is imposed. The penalty imposed by Article 358 is arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correccional in its minimum period.

What are the grounds for cyber libel Philippines?

For an imputation to be libelous under Art. 353 of the RPC, the following requisites must be present: (a) it must be defamatory; (b) it must be malicious; (c) it must be given publicity; and (d) the victim must be identifiable.

How much is the fine for cyber libel?

Libel – The unlawful or prohibited acts of libel, as defined in Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, committed through a computer system or any other similar means which may be devised in the future shall be punished with prision correccional in its maximum period to prision mayor in its minimum period or ...


44 related questions found

How do you prove libel in the Philippines?

The four elements of libel:

The imputation must be malicious; The imputation must be defamatory; The imputation must be made publicly; The offended party must be identifiable.

Can I sue for libel on Facebook?

Defamation of Character

A Facebook post that defames the character of another person can be grounds for a lawsuit. To prove defamation of character, the victim must show that a false statement of and concerning the victim was published, caused the victim injury, and is not protected by any privilege.

What is libelous post?

Thus, the perception is that the person who sent a comment is in league with the author of the original and openly defamatory post. ... However, the Supreme Court already clarified that, as a general rule, commenting will not give rise to liability for cyber liable.

What is the difference between libel and cyber libel?

Cyber libel is committed in the same manner as libel except for the medium of its commission which is through a computer system or device. The Regional Trial Court has jurisdiction on both libel and cyber libel.

Who are the person liable for cyber libel?

The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, in relation to the Articles 353 and 355 of the Revised Penal Code, clearly identifies the author and the editor as the persons clearly liable for the crime of cyber libel: “Art. 360.

What is the punishment for cybercrime in the Philippines?

8. Penalties. — Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 4(a) and 4(b) of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of at least Two hundred thousand pesos (PhP200,000.00) up to a maximum amount commensurate to the damage incurred or both.

Is social media defamation a crime?

Internet has Law Against Cyber Defamation

A person found guilty of cyber defamation under Section 499 is punishable under section 500. This punishment may consist of imprisonment of 2 years or fine. In case you are unlucky, you might get punished with both imprisonment and fine for social media defamation.

When was cyber libel in the Philippines?

The cyberlibel case relates to a story published on Rappler in 2012 that alleged ties between a Philippine businessman, Wilfredo D Keng, and a high court judge.

What is online libel in cybercrime?

Cyber-libel is a term used when someone has posted or emailed something that is untrue and damaging about someone else on the Internet, including in message boards, bulletin boards, blogs, chat rooms, personal websites, social media, social networking sites, or other published articles.

Is a text message libel or slander?

If someone defames another person via text messaging, is it considered libel or slander? - Quora. Libel is written; slander is spoken. Therefore it's considered libel.

What is an example of libel?

The definition of libel is a written and published false statement about someone that damages their reputation. An example of libel is when someone publishes in the newspaper that you are a thief, even though this is false.

Can you expose someone on social media?

Since social media platforms are private entities, they are legally able to censor what their users post. While the First Amendment protects freedom of speech, it still allows individuals who publish those false statements to be sued for defamation.

What can you do if someone slanders you on Facebook?

Report or flag the slanderous content, Report the defamation through Facebook's defamation reporting form (for non-U.S. residents), and. Work with an internet defamation attorney to send a demand letter or file a defamation lawsuit.

How do I report a libel on Facebook?

From Your Facebook Account
  1. Log in to Facebook and navigate to the libelous post.
  2. Click the "X" at the right corner of the libelous post and then click "Report/Mark as Spam." A message appears thanking you for your feedback and offering two additional options. ...
  3. Click the word "Report." A pop-up window will appear.

Can I sue someone for insulting me Philippines?

“Oral defamation shall be punished by arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period if it is of a serious and insulting nature; otherwise the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000).” ... Oral defamation may either be simple or grave.

Can you sue someone for sharing private messages Philippines?

If the information involved personal data -- personal information such as a name or an address, or sensitive personal information like school or medical records -- then the sender could be held liable for unauthorized processing, which would mean at least a P500,000 fine and a jail term of at least one year.

Can you sue someone for posting private messages?

You have the right to keep your personal information private. If someone violates these rights, then you may have a case against them. ... You must also prove that the defendant is indeed the one that posted the information and that the information being posted caused some form of harm or hardship.

How do you win a libel case?

To win a libel lawsuit, a private person has to prove that the publisher of the false statements acted “negligently.” Negligence means that the publisher didn't do his homework.

What is the best defense against libel?

Truth is an absolute defense to libel claims, because one of the elements that must be proven in a defamation suit is falsity of the statement. If a statement is true, it cannot be false, and therefore, there is no prima facie case of defamation.