What is PIL What is its importance class 9?Asked by: Kyla Feeney II | Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 5/5 (12 votes)
Public interest litigation is litigation for public interest i.e., it is a case filed in the interest of the public by a representative of the public. PIL was started to protect the fundamental rights of people who are poor, ignorant or in socially/economically disadvantaged position.
What is PIL and what is its importance?
The aim of PIL is to give to the common people access to the courts to obtain legal redress. PIL is an important instrument of social change and for maintaining the Rule of law and accelerating the balance between law and justice.
What is PIL Class 9 Ncert?
The full form of PIL is Public Interest Litigation.
What is PIL Class 9 short answer?
Complete answer step by step: Public interest litigation is the use of law to help provide human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps solve the problems and issues of minority or disadvantaged groups and individuals. Public interest cases may arise from both public and private matters.
What do you mean by PIL?
Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.
PIL | Public Interest Litigation | With notes
What is a PIL Class 8?
“Public interest Litigation” or PIL is a litigation filed in a court of law, for the protection of “Public Interest”, such as pollution, terrorism, road safety, constructional hazards etc. ... Court on behalf of those whose rights are being violated.
What is PIL and Sal explain?
Also, unlike India, PIL in the United States sought to represent ''interests without groups'' such as consumerism or environment. However, for our purposes, Social Action Litigation (SAL) and Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are synonymous. PIL, however, continues to be the popularly used term.
How does PIL work class 9?
PIL: (i)Any person can go to court against the violation of the Fundamental Right, if it is of social or public interest. ... (ii)Under the PIL any citizen or group of citizens can approach the Supreme Court or a High Court for the protection of public interest against a particular law or action of the government.
Who is the father of PIL?
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
What is the importance of Article 21 of Indian Constitution?
Article 21 of Constitution of India: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” Thus, article 21 secures two rights: Right to life, and. 2) Right to personal liberty.
What is PIL Why is it important for democracy?
Public interest litigation (PIL) in India can serve as a vehicle for creating and enforcing rights and is critical to the sustenance of democracy. PIL in India can address the needs of its citizens when legislative inertia afflicts the Indian National Congress.
Which is the first PIL in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
Who is the mother of PIL?
Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.
Is PIL a writ?
PILs are extensions of Writ Jurisdiction. Therefore, PILs may be filed either before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution or any High Court under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution.
What is meant by judicial review class 9?
Judicial Review refers to the power of the judiciary to interpret the constitution and to declare any such law or order of the legislature and executive void if it finds them in conflict with the Constitution of India.
What is PIL cases in India?
Public Interest Litigation is the power given to the public by courts through judicial activism. Such cases may occur when the victim does not have the necessary resources to commence litigation or his freedom to move court has been suppressed or encroached upon.
What is PIL state the objectives of introducing PIL Class 8?
State the objectives of introducing PIL. Ans. The Supreme Court in the early 1980s devised a mechanism of Public Interest Litigation or PIL to increase access to justice. It allowed any individual or organisation to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated.
What is PIL in Supreme Court?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury. ... A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person(s) to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights.
What do you mean by PIL Class 11?
Public interest case is the force given to people in general by courts through legal activism. ... 2)It is an instrument of social change and for keeping up the rule of law and quickening the harmony among law and equity. 3)The first reason for PILs has been to make equity open to poor people and minimized.
Who can file a PIL?
Who can file it? Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
Which country introduced PIL?
The term PIL originated in the United States in the mid-1980s. Since the nineteenth century, various movements in that country had contributed to public interest law, which was part of the legal aid movement. The first legal aid office was established in New York in 1876.
Who was CJI when PIL was introduced?
When PIL (Public Interest Litigation) was introduced in the Indian Judiciary System, the chief justice of India was Justice P.N. Bhagwati. In fact, he only, as a Supreme court judge, introduced the concept of PIL in the judicial system.
What is the object of PIL?
The chief objective behind PILs is ensuring justice to all and promoting the welfare of the people. It is generally used to safeguard group interests and not individual interests, for which Fundamental Rights have been provided. The Supreme Court of India and the High Courts have the right to issue PILs.
When was the PIL introduced?
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.
What are the cases of PIL?
- Vishaka v. State of Rajasthan. ...
- Javed v. State of Haryana. ...
- Hussainara Khatoon v. State of Bihar. ...
- M.C. Mehta vs. Union of India. ...
- Parmanand Katara vs. Union of India.