What is Section 124A in India?Asked by: Ally Schiller IV | Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (11 votes)
Under Section 124A of IPC, the offence of sedition is committed when any person by words or otherwise brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards the government established by law.
Is Section 124A bailable or not?
IPC 124A is a Non-Bailable offence.
When was Section 124A introduced?
The sedition law which is enshrined in Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPS) was introduced by the British government in 1870 to tackle dissent against colonial rule.
What is Article 124 A?
124. Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court. (1) There shall be a Supreme Court of India constituting of a Chief Justice of India and, until Parliament by law prescribes a larger number, of not more than seven other Judges.
What do you mean by sedition Act?
Sedition is the illegal act of inciting people to resist or rebel against the government in power. ... The Alien and Sedition Acts passed into law in the late 1700s were challenged by none other than Thomas Jefferson as a violation of Americans' First Amendment rights to free speech.
Sedition in India | Sedition Law Explained | Section 124A IPC
Is sedition a crime?
Sedition is the crime of revolting or inciting revolt against government. ... Nevertheless, sedition remains a crime in the United States under 18 U.S.C.A. § 2384 (2000), a federal statute that punishes seditious conspiracy, and 18 U.S.C.A.
Is sedition a crime in India?
Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code lays down the punishment for sedition. ... Sedition was made a cognizable offence for the first time in history in India during the tenure of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1973, that is, arrest without a warrant was now permissible.
What is Article 214?
Article 214 in The Constitution Of India 1949. 214. High Courts for States There shall be a High Court for each State.
What is collegium of Judges?
A High Court collegium – the chief justice of the High Court along with its two senior-most judges – must send a recommendation to the chief minister and the governor of the state.
What is the punishment of sedition?
Sedition is a serious felony punishable by fines and up to 20 years in prison and it refers to the act of inciting revolt or violence against a lawful authority with the goal of destroying or overthrowing it. The following provides an overview of this particular crime against the government, with historical references.
Who was Jogendra Chandra Bose?
1- Trail of Jogendra Chandra Bose: In 1891, Jogendra Chandra Bose, the editor of Bangobasi newspaper wrote an article critical of the government. He criticised the Age of Consent Bill for posing a grievous threat to religion and its coercive relationship with Indians.
What is the jail term for sedition?
In the Espionage Act of 1917, Section 3 made it a federal crime, punishable by up to 20 years of imprisonment and a fine of up to $10,000, to willfully spread false news of the United States Army or Navy with an intent to disrupt its operations, to foment mutiny in their ranks, or to obstruct recruiting.
Is violence necessary for sedition?
offence of sedition is incitement to violence; mere abusive words are not enough. as being opposed to the view expressed in several cases. was held that the speech was calculated to excite disaffection against the Government and to bring it into hatred and contempt.
Where is sedition in the Constitution?
18 U.S. Code Chapter 115 - TREASON, SEDITION, AND SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES.
What is an example of sedition?
For example, a person may commit sedition by holding a meeting to discuss a rebellion or revolution in his home. Treason, on the other hand, involves taking specific actions that betray one's country, such as by waging war, providing aid to an enemy, or committing espionage.
What is Colosseum in court?
The Collegium System is a system under which appointments/elevation of judges/lawyers to Supreme Court and transfers of judges of High Courts and Apex Court are decided by a forum of the Chief Justice of India and the four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court.
What is a 3 Judge bench called?
A bench of two or three judges is called a division bench. The Supreme Court Rules vests Chief Justice of India, the power to constitute benches as part of his administrative responsibilities.
What is collagen system?
Collegium System is a system under which appointments and elevations of judges and lawyers to the Supreme Court and the High Courts, and also transfer of judges to High Courts and the Apex court are decided by a forum of the Chief Justice of India and 4 senior most judges of the Supreme Court.
What is the Article 222?
Article 222 Constitution of India: Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another. (1) The President may, 1[on the recommendation of the National Judicial Appointment Commission referred to in article 124A], transfer a Judge from one High Court to any other High Court 2***.
What is the Article 239?
[(1) Save as otherwise provided by Parliament by law, every Union territory shall be administered by the President acting, to such extent as he thinks fit, through an administrator to be appointed by him with such designation as he may specify.
What is the Article 148?
Article 148 - Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India who shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal and shall only be removed from office in like manner and on like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
What is the minimum punishment for sedition charges in India?
Sedition as per Section 124-A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) reads as, “whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards, the Government established by law in [ ...
Who first used sedition law in India?
The first sedition case was during the year 1892, Queen v. Jogendra Chunder Bose, ILR (1892) 19 Cal 35, where the defendant was the editor of a Bengali newspaper, who had published an article which had the capability of spreading disaffection and disapprobation against the authority of the state.
How many sections are there in IPC?
The Indian Penal Code is sub-divided into 23 chapters that comprise 511 sections.
Is sedition a treason?
Sedition is a conspiracy to engage in an unlawful act, such as committing treason or engaging in an insurrection. When at least two people discuss plans to overthrow or take down the government, they are committing sedition. ... A person or group that levies war against the lawful government is guilty of treason.