What is the difference between FIR and charge sheet?

Asked by: Rusty Bogisich  |  Last update: September 22, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (17 votes)

A brief comparison between FIR & charge sheet:
FIR is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence but a charge sheet is a formal document of accusation prepared by a law enforcement agency.

What is called charge sheet?

When a Police officer gives a Police report under section 173 Cr. P.C. recommending prosecution, it is called a charge sheet. After questioning the accused and hearing the arguments, the magistrate frames charges on the accused for which he is tried.

What is done with the charge sheet?

The purpose of a charge-sheet is to notify a person of criminal charges being issued against them. After the charge-sheet is filed, the person against whom the charge-sheet has been filed comes to be known as an accused. The filing of charge-sheet with the magistrate indicates commencement of criminal proceedings.

What is the difference between charge and charge sheet?

Both charge and chargesheet list down the offences for which the accusesd will be tried. A chargesheet is prepared by the Police and submitted to the Court. The Court based on the Chargesheet frames the charge against the accused based on which the trial is conducted.

Can charge sheet be challenged?

The Delhi High Court has observed that the FIR and chargesheet can be quashed if the allegations made in the FIR or complaint or the evidence collected, though remaining uncontroverted, do not disclose the commission of an offence.

FIR और Charge Sheet में क्या अंतर है? Difference between FIR & Charge Sheet || FIR || ZERO FIR

23 related questions found

Can chargesheet be filed without evidence?

Section 170 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 states that if after investigation, the officer in charge of the police station (where First Information Report was first filed) believes there is sufficient evidence or reasonable grounds to arrest, they can do so and send a report to the Magistrate.

Does FIR against a person means his career is finished?

Yes, if he is applying abroad, it will affect his career. However, it doesn't apply in India if you are going to engage him with any private or public industry.. Police verification is a very tedious process and it requires lot of time, which is not even properly followed in many Govt industries.

What is the time limit for filing a chargesheet?

The deadline for filing a charge sheet is linked to the arrest of the defendant. In instances before subordinate courts, the charge sheet must be filed within 60 days following the accused's detention, and in cases before the Court of Sessions, within 90 days.

Can we get bail before charge sheet?

The indefeasible right of an accused to seek statutory bail under Section 167(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure arises only if the charge-sheet has not been filed before the expiry of the statutory period, the bench comprising Justices L. Nageswara Rao and BR Gavai observed.

Who files the chargesheet?

On the basis of the investigation, the police are required to form an opinion. If the police think that the evidence points to the guilty of the accused person, then they file a chargesheet in the court. It is not the job of a police to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent, that is for the judge to decide.

Can chargesheet be changed?

The court may order a charge-sheet or indictment to be amended in any manner the court thinks necessary. An order may be made before or during a trial or hearing, unless the required amendment would cause injustice to the accused (CPA 2009 s8, s165).

What is charge sheet in criminal case?

Charge sheet refers to a formal police record showing the names of each person brought into custody, the nature of the accusations, and the identity of the accusers.

What happens once chargesheet is filed?

Once the charge sheet has been submitted to a court of law, the court decides as to who among the accused has sufficient prima facie evidence against them to be put on trial. After the court pronounces its order on framing of charges, prosecution proceedings against the accused begin in the judicial system.

Can I get bail after chargesheet?

The Supreme Court Thursday issued guidelines for granting bail after the filing of charge sheet and said trial courts are not precluded from granting interim relief considering the accused's conduct during the probe.

Can chargesheet be filed after 90 days?

“Once the period of filing charge-sheet has expired and either no extension under proviso to Section 21 of MCOC Act has been granted by the designated Court or the period of extension has also expired, the accused would be entitled to move an application for default bail.

Can chargesheet be delayed?

There is no time limit prescribed under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 for completing the investigation of an offence and filing of charge-sheet before Courts except in rape cases. Section 173(1) of Cr. PC provides that every investigation shall be completed without unnecessary delay.

What happens if police does not file chargesheet?

AFTER THE fir IS LODGED , the police has 90 days to file the chargesheet, if it fails to file the charge sheet , you are entitled to bail. so if the 90 days are past hen approach your lawyer and get yourself a bail.

How do I know if my chargesheet is filed?

When the chargesheet is filed in the court the police will intimate you regarding the same. If they do not you can ask the concerned IO whether he has filed the chargesheet in the concerned matter or not. The mandatory period for filling a chargesheet is 60-90 days but can be extended.

Can I get a job after FIR?

Answers (5) There are provisions in the advertisements of govt jobs that that the applicant should not be convicted of any offence in involving ´moral turpitude´. However what is ´moral turpitude´ is question of fact and mere registration of FIR will not hinder your prospects of getting a govt job.

Does FIR affect govt job?

Mere registration of an FIR will not affect the job prospect. To have any effect, the proceeding should have started in court or the person must have been convicted of the offense.

Can a case be filed without FIR?

If a police officer refuses to lodge an FIR because the case does not fall within their jurisdiction, or deals with an offense which is non-cognizable in nature or it is outside their legal capacity to take cognizance of such an offense, in such circumstances, the refusal to lodge an FIR is legitimate and justified.

What is the importance of charge sheet?

It is on the basis of the charge sheet and other finding of records, the magistrate frames the charge against the accused, whether to plead guilty or not. Charge sheet is an important mechanism which the magistrates scrutinizes and makes a pre-inquiry of it to understand the culpability of the offender in the crime.

Can complainant drop charges?

A victim cannot get criminal charges dropped merely by asking the prosecutor to do so. While it might not hurt to let the prosecutor know how you feel, the prosecutor cannot dismiss the charges without additional justification. A prosecutor can only drop charges with the approval of the judge.

Who can quash FIR?

FIR Quashing on the basis of Compromise:

The High Court can Quash the FIR at any stage on the basis of compromise. The compromise can be entered into by the Complainant and the accused. In such case, a joint petition under section 482 of CRPC shall be filed by both the parties.

Can chargesheet be filed after 3 years?

Answers (2) You should moved an application for status report against the Investigating Office before the magistrate , under your jurisdiction. The magistrate will call the I.O. concerned and clear the reasons for delay in filing the charge sheet, as three years period is the maximum delay in filing the charge sheet.