What is the first step of a trial?

Asked by: Kaitlyn Kuhn  |  Last update: September 16, 2022
Score: 4.8/5 (68 votes)

The first step then of a criminal trial is to select the jury. During jury selection, the judge, the prosecutor (representing the government), and the defendant (through his or her respective criminal defense attorney) will screen potential jurors from a pool of jurors.

What is the first step of the trial process?

Plaintiff Testimony - The first part of the actual trial proceeding consists of the plaintiffs presenting their witnesses and experts to present the arguments and justifications for the complaint.

What are the steps of a trial?

Trial Process
  1. Step 1: Selection of the Jury.
  2. Step 2: The Trial.
  3. Step 3: Juror Conduct During the Trial.
  4. Step 4: Jury Deliberations.
  5. Step 5: After the Verdict.

What are the 5 stages of a trial?

They five stages are as follows: the first appearance, the arraignment, motions, pre-trial conference and trial.

What are the 7 steps of the trial process?

7 Stages To A Criminal Trial
  • Voir Dire. Voir Dire is a fancy French word used to name jury selection. ...
  • Opening Statement. After the jury is empaneled, the trial will begin with opening statements. ...
  • State's Case in Chief. ...
  • The Defense Case. ...
  • State's Rebuttal. ...
  • Closing Arguments. ...
  • Verdict.

Ch4 2 Trial Procedure Notes

33 related questions found

What are the steps of the trial process quizlet?

Terms in this set (14)
  • step 1: pre-trial proceedings. ...
  • step 2: jury is selected. ...
  • step 3: opening statement by plaintiff or prosecution. ...
  • step 4: opening statement by defense. ...
  • step 5: direct examination by plaintiff/ prosecution. ...
  • step 6: cross examination by defense. ...
  • step 7: motions to dismiss or ask for a directed verdict.

What are the 7 steps of the criminal justice system?

  • Investigation.
  • Charging.
  • Initial Hearing/Arraignment.
  • Discovery.
  • Plea Bargaining.
  • Preliminary Hearing.
  • Pre-Trial Motions.
  • Trial.

What are the 10 steps of a trial?

The 10 Stages Of A Criminal Trial In California
  • Stage #1: Filing Motions With The Court.
  • Stage #2: Jury Selection.
  • Stage #3: Opening Statement.
  • Stage #4:Prosecution Presents Its Case.
  • Stage #5: Defense's Case.
  • Stage #6: Prosecution Rebuttal (If Necessary)
  • Stage #7: Closing Arguments.
  • Stage #8: Jury Deliberation.

What are the 12 steps of a trial?

The process is generally as follows:
  • Filing a Complaint and Answer (Pleadings)
  • Pre-trial motions.
  • Jury Selection.
  • Opening Statement(s)
  • Presentations of Evidence.
  • Rebuttal & Surrebuttal.
  • Jury Instructions.
  • Jury Deliberation.

What are the 13 steps of the criminal justice process?

Terms in this set (13)
  • investigation. ...
  • Arrest. ...
  • Booking. ...
  • Charging. ...
  • Initial appearance. ...
  • preliminary hearing/ grand jury. ...
  • Indictment/ information. ...
  • Arraignment.

What are the 8 steps in a trial?

The 8 Steps of Criminal Proceedings
  • Step 1: Arrest. An arrest is the initial stage in the criminal process in which an individual accused of a crime is taken into custody. ...
  • Step 2: Charges. ...
  • Step 3: Arraignment. ...
  • Step 4: Pretrial Proceedings. ...
  • Step 5: Trial. ...
  • Step 6: Verdict. ...
  • Step 7: Sentencing. ...
  • Step 8: Appeal.

What happens at a first court hearing?

It is usually a short meeting for the Judge to decide how the case should be organised. The first hearing (First Hearing Dispute Resolution) is usually quite short, and everyone is asked to prepare information for another hearing a few weeks later.

What are the 14 steps of a criminal trial?

Terms in this set (14)
  • Pre-trial motions. First step.
  • Jury selection. Second step.
  • Opening statements. Third step.
  • Prosecutor's presentation of evidence. Fourth step.
  • Cross examination. *defense may ask leading questions. ...
  • Redirect and re-cross examine. Sixth step.
  • State rests. Seventh step.
  • Motion for a directed verdict. Eighth step.

What are the parts of a trial?

A complete criminal trial typically consists of six main phases, each of which is described in more detail below:
  • Choosing a Jury.
  • Opening Statements.
  • Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
  • Closing Arguments.
  • Jury Instruction.
  • Jury Deliberation and Verdict.

What is trial initiation?

Trial Initiation

The U.S. Constitution contains a speedy trial provision in its Sixth Amendment. This guarantees that all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial. Most state legislation sets a limit of 90 or 120 days as a reasonable period of time for a trial to commence.

What is the first step of the criminal justice system?

The formal criminal justice process begins with the filing of criminal charges through an information (sometimes called a complaint) or grand jury indictment. Information. After reviewing the investigative reports and evidence, a prosecutor can charge a criminal offense by filing an information or complaint.

What happens the first day of trial?

Trial begins when the judge invites the jury into the courtroom. In a jury trial, the judge and jury have separate and distinct functions. The judge makes decisions about the law, like whether the prosecutor met the burden of proof, and whether certain evidence admissible. She also oversees the conduct of the trial.

What is the first step of a criminal trial who goes first during this step quizlet?

Initial Appearance: When someone is arrested, they must be brought before a judge as quickly as possible to be charged. Judge explains charges to the defendant and reads the person their rights.

What is a plea and trial preparation hearing?

A plea and trial preparation hearing – PTPH – requires the defendant to enter a plea regarding the offence they are alleged to have committed – guilty or not guilty. The plea will then determine the direction the criminal case will take.

What does a no plea mean?

If the defendant refuses to enter a plea—or to even speak—then the judge will typically enter a not guilty plea on his or her behalf. (The judge may first try to determine why the defendant won't plead and convince him or her to do so.)

How do you prepare for a hearing?

Steps to Prepare for Your Hearing
  1. Review the Order Following Prehearing Conference. ...
  2. Request an Interpreter, If Needed. ...
  3. Contact Witnesses, Get Subpoenas for Witnesses and Documents. ...
  4. Prepare Your Witness List Well in Advance of the Hearing. ...
  5. Read the Evidence from the Other Parties. ...
  6. Prepare the Questions for Your Own Witnesses.

What is first order in criminal case?

P.C. At this time, it is the first time the court hears the accused and puts to him in question and answer form, all the testimony of the witnesses who have testified against him.

What is first order in law?

A first-order reaction can be defined as a chemical reaction in which the reaction rate is linearly dependent on the concentration of only one reactant. In other words, a first-order reaction is a chemical reaction in which the rate varies based on the changes in the concentration of only one of the reactants.

How do you impress a judge?

Courtroom Behavior

Behave in a calm, professional manner -- don't let your emotions get the best of you. When the judge speaks to you, look her in the eye and reply in a respectful tone. Stand up when addressing the court. Get to the point quickly when presenting your facts.

Whats the difference between a trial and a hearing?

At hearings, the court relies on written declarations and your arguments. Hearings can determine temporary, agreed, or some procedural matters. The trial is where you give evidence and arguments for the judge to use in making a final decision.