What is the importance of the 1986 Batson v Kentucky ruling quizlet?

Asked by: Lucius Purdy Jr.  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.8/5 (8 votes)

What is the importance of the 1986 Batson v. Kentucky ruling? Gave hope to black defendants Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court ruled that a prosecutor's dismissal of jurors without a valid cause—may not be used to exclude jurors based solely on their race.

What is the ruling in the case of Batson v Kentucky?

Reasoning: (Powell, J.): In a 7–2 decision, the Court held that, while a defendant is not entitled to have a jury completely or partially composed of people of his own race, the state is not permitted to use its peremptory challenges to automatically exclude potential members of the jury because of their race.

What is the Batson rule quizlet?

Under Batson v. Kentucky (1986), and later decisions building upon Batson, parties are constitutionally prohibited from exercising peremptory challenges to exclude jurors on the basis of race, ethnicity, or sex.

How does diversity in a jury affect its deliberations quizlet?

A 2006 study by Sommers provides additional evidence of differences in the deliberations of diverse vs. homogeneous juries. In that study, the racially diverse juries deliberated longer, discussed more trial evidence and made fewer factually inaccurate statements when discussing the evidence than did all-white juries.

How does diversity in a jury affect its deliberations quizlet just mercy?

How does diversity in a jury affect its deliberations? - white people are typically racially biased and racist, causing them to want to put black people in jail/on death row even if they don't deserve it. If you were in Chestnut or Boynton's position, would you have tried to move the trial?

Batson v. Kentucky Case Brief Summary | Law Case Explained

33 related questions found

Where did the word miscegenation come from what does it mean just mercy?

-the word miscegenation came into use in the 1860s, when supporters of slavery coined the term to promote the fear of interracial sex and marriage and the race mixing that would result if slavery was abolished).

Why were the police so willing to look at Mcmillan as a suspect even though it was clear he didn't know Myers?

Why were the police so willing to look at McMillian as a suspect even though it was clear he didn't know Myers? The community was upset about Ronda's murder and the lack of justice, putting the police under increasing pressure to make a case against someone.

Why is diversity important in a jury?

“With diverse juries, there are more vantage points,” he said. “They are not all going to have the same assumptions. That makes for a richer deliberation.” Diversity can serve jurors well during deliberations as they sort through evidence and assess trial testimony.

Why is it important to have diversity in a jury?

“a diverse group is likely to hold varying perspectives on the evidence, encouraging more thorough debate over what the evidence proves. . . . The inclusion of minorities and women in the representative jury adds their life experiences and insights to the collective pool of knowledge.

What is jury diversity important?

Diverse juries were also more thorough in their evaluation of the evidence. On average, diverse juries deliberated 11 minutes longer, discussed more facts about the case, and made fewer factual errors than all-white juries. Finally, diverse juries were more open to talking about the role of race in the case.

How are members of juries chosen for criminal trials quizlet?

Juries are chosen in a process that combines random selection with deliberate choice. Jury selection occurs in three stages; compiling a master list, summoning the venire and, conducting voir dire. ... Periodically, the clerk of court or jury commissioner determines how many jurors are needed for a given time.

What might happen to a jury if a judge is concerned about publicity in a trial group of answer choices?

What might happen to a jury if a judge is concerned about publicity in a trial? They might be sequestered. ... The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that master jury lists must reflect a representative and impartial cross section of the community.

What type of evidence is used to infer the existence of some fact in a dispute?

Indirect evidence, also sometimes referred to as circumstantial evidence, is a fact or set of facts that, if true, allow a person can infer the fact at issue. An example of direct evidence (in a murder case) is a witness testifying that she saw the defendant actually stab and kill the victim.

What is the importance of the 1986 Batson v Kentucky ruling?

Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court ruling that a prosecutor's use of a peremptory challenge in a criminal case—the dismissal of jurors without stating a valid cause for doing so—may not be used to exclude jurors based solely on their race.

What does Batson apply to?

If a criminal defense attorney believes that the prosecutor is exercising, or using, peremptory challenges to discriminate against potential jurors on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or religion, the lawyer can object to, or challenge, the use of the peremptory challenges by what is commonly called a Batson ...

How does Batson try to prevent discrimination?

Generally, Batson and its progeny prohibit the use of peremptory strikes to discriminate based on race, ethnicity, or gender. Litigants are tasked with preventing this form of discrimination through the “Batson challenge.” Perhaps the most striking feature of the Batson decision is the date.

Why are juries supposed to represent the community?

The role of the jury is to provide unbiased views or resolution to evidence presented in a case in a court of law. ... Overall, the jury service system is important to democracy because of the unbiased, impartial viewpoints that can be derived from our citizens who are selected from a wide cross-section of society.

Should the jury be diverse?

Inclusion of diverse jurors increases the likelihood that evidence presented at trial will be evaluated and assessed from multiple perspectives, which is fundamental to the process of obtaining an impartial, and again a fair verdict.

Why is a representative jury important?

A representative jury is important as it "contributes to a sense of confidence that the jury will be fair and impartial". ... A representative jury roll is achieved by ensuring that: the "draw[s] from a broad cross-section of society" in order to capture as many eligible persons as possible.

What are the measures that can be taken to increase participation for diverse citizens on juries?

What are the measures that can be taken to increase participation for diverse citizens on juries? Address post-felony voting-rights restoration; Raise compensation for jurors; Utilize supplemental lists and community-based services.

What was the result of Stevenson taking Charlie's case?

They agree to move him to a protected single cell. Stevenson decides to take on the case and succeeds in having Charlie tried as a juvenile and transferred to a juvenile detention center.

Did Johnny D get free?

Walter "Johnny D." McMillian (October 27, 1941 – September 11, 2013) was an African-American pulpwood worker from Monroeville, Alabama, who was wrongfully convicted of murder and sentenced to death. His conviction was wrongfully obtained, based on police coercion and perjury.

Who is Robert Lee Key?

Judge Key presides over Walter's original trial. He does not intervene in the State's efforts to select an all-white jury and he collaborates with other state officials to secure Walter's conviction.

How did Walter's lawyers motion to change the venue of the trial backfire?

McMillian's lawyers present a change-of-venue-motion, hoping a different county would help Walter's case, but their plea backfired when the judge choses one with a white majority. When McMillian leaves for his trial he confides in his strong alibi and happily bids ado to death row.