What is writ jurisdiction?

Asked by: Josue Goodwin  |  Last update: June 21, 2022
Score: 4.1/5 (71 votes)

The term writ refers to a formal, legal document that orders a person or entity to perform or to cease performing a specific action or deed. Writs are drafted by judges, courts, or other entities that have administrative or judicial jurisdiction.

What is writ jurisdiction in India?

A person whose right has been violated by an arbitrary administrative action may seek redress from the Court. Articles 32 and 226 of the Indian Constitution provide writ jurisdiction on the Supreme Court and High Courts, respectively, for the enforcement and protection of an individual's basic rights.

What does writ mean in court?

A writ is an order (called a “writ”) from a higher court directing a lower court to do something that the lower court has a legal obligation to do, or to not do something the court does not have the legal authority to do.

What is writ with example?

Writ is defined as legal or holy writings, generally to order people to do certain actions. An example of a writ is a new town law. Writ is to write in the past tense. An example of to have writ is to have created a poem the other day.

What are the 5 types of writs?

The five types of writs are:
  • Habeas Corpus.
  • Mandamus.
  • Prohibition.
  • Certiorari.
  • Quo-Warranto.

Term 2 Exam Class 11 Political Science Chapter 6 | Writ Jurisdiction - Judiciary

38 related questions found

What is writ jurisdiction of High Court?

The writ jurisdiction of the High Court is mentioned under Article 266 of the Indian Constitution and it grants the high court the power to issue prerogative writs and also to the Supreme Court under Article 32. It is a discretionary power, which means that the High Court can decide whether or not to issue a writ.

What is certiorari and mandamus?

While other Writs are issued in certain circumstances only, such as when a person is illegally detained (Habeas Corpus) or when there is overstepping of jurisdiction by a court (Certiorari), Mandamus can be issued in those cases where there is on the performance of duty the authority.

Who can file a writ?

A writ petition can be filed by any person whose Fundamental Rights have been infringed by the State. Under a Public Interest Litigation, any public-spirited person may file a writ petition in the interest of the general public even if his own Fundamental Right has not been infringed.

Who can issue writs?

Indian law

The Supreme Court, the highest in the country, may issue writs under Article 32 of the Constitution for enforcement of fundamental rights and under Article 139 for enforcement of rights other than fundamental rights, while High Courts, the superior courts of the States, may issue writs under Articles 226.

Can District court issue writs?

If parliament empowers the district judge to entertain writ petition, then it is justifiable. In that scenario, every District Court shall be competent to hear writ petition and this eventually will help the general public in getting speedier justice.

What is the purpose of writ?

Purpose: The Supreme Court issues a writ to enforce fundamental rights. Whereas, the high court issues a writ to enforce the fundamental rights and also for any other purposes. Territorial Jurisdiction: The Supreme Court issue a writ against any person or government in the Indian territorial jurisdiction.

Can a writ be appealed?

Writ Petitions OR Appeals

Appeals to the High Court can be made by the Assessee or the Commissioner of Income Tax. There might be instances where the Act deprives the assessee or the commissioner of the right to appeal.

What is difference between writ jurisdiction of High Court and Supreme Court?

Writ Jurisdiction of High Courts are wider than Writ Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Supreme issues writs for the enforcement of fundamental rights but High Courts can issue writs for enforcement of fundamental rights or for any other purposes.

What is difference between writ and petition?

The major difference between these two is that under the Writ Act 226 there is a constitutional remedy for all people. It is raised by a legal authority. But a petition is a form of writ raised by the people in the form of a request for a legal authority that seeks to take action regarding a particular cause.

Can writ be issued against a private person?

A writ cannot lie against a private person where he violates Fundamental Rights that are enshrined under Articles 17, 23 and 24 of the Constitution.

How many types of writs are there?

There are five major types of writs viz. habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari. Each of them has different meaning and different implications.

Can government file a writ petition?

However, the said instances are confined to the petition filed by the individuals or persons and not by the State itself. The jurisprudence behind Article 32 and Article 226 has always been “Writ petition by the people against State” and not “Writ Petition by the State against the People or against another State”.

What is quo warranto?

Quo warranto is a special form of legal action used to resolve a dispute over whether a specific person has the legal right to hold the public office that he or she occupies. Quo warranto is used to test a person's legal right to hold an office, not to evaluate the person's performance in the office.

What is habeas corpus Class 11?

The Habeas Corpus in the Latin language means to have a body of. In order to enforce the fundamental rights as well individual liberty of the citizens of India against the detention that is unlawful, this writ is used.

Which writ is known as postmortem?

The correct answer is Quo warranto.

What are the 4 types of jurisdiction?

The 5 Types of Jurisdiction That May Apply to Your Criminal Case
  • Subject-Matter Jurisdiction.
  • Territorial Jurisdiction.
  • Personal Jurisdiction.
  • General and Limited Jurisdiction.
  • Exclusive / Concurrent Jurisdiction.

What are the 3 types of jurisdiction?

The three main types of jurisdiction are known as territorial, personal, and subject matter. The geo-political levels of jurisdiction are often divided into regional, state, national, and international levels. Determining jurisdiction helps define how a case shall be tried, and at what level of the courts.

What are difference between a writ petition under Article 32 and Article 226 of the Constitution?

Article 32 empowers the Supreme Court to issue writ all over India. Therefore, the Supreme Court has broader territorial jurisdiction. Article 226 empowers the High Court to issue a writ in its own local jurisdiction only. Therefore, High Courts have narrower territorial jurisdiction as compared to the Supreme Court.

Can writ be rejected?

However, a writ petition can be rejected due to many reasons such as- not filing in due time, no substantial question of law is involved or alternative remedies are there. One such case was decided by Mr. Devender Kumar Sikri (Chairperson), Mr.

What is criminal writ?

You can file a criminal writ petition when the cause of action in relation to the criminal law such as the right of accused, bail, etc. You can file a civil writ petition when someone commits a civil wrong such as IPR, taxes, etc.