What type of sentencing occurs when a judge determines the minimum and maximum terms?

Asked by: Wilfred Gibson  |  Last update: August 30, 2022
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In jurisdictions with indeterminate sentencing

indeterminate sentencing
Indefinite imprisonment or indeterminate imprisonment is the imposition of a sentence by imprisonment with no definite period of time set during sentencing. It was imposed by certain nations in the past, before the drafting of the United Nations Convention against Torture (CAT).
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, the judge imposes a minimum and maximum term of incarceration, rather than a set number of years. The range imposed must fall within a broader statutory range determined by the legislature.

What is a sentence with minimum and maximum term?

A maximum sentence represents the outer limit of a punishment, beyond which a convicted person may not be held in custody. A minimum sentence represents the minimum punishment or the minimum time a convicted person must spend in prison before becoming eligible for parole or release.

What type of sentencing gives the judge the ability to set minimum and maximum sentences?

Indeterminate sentencing is a system of sentencing in which a legislature establishes maximum and minimum terms for each crime and a judge makes a discretionary decision as to what the maximum and minimum sentences should be for each convicted offender.

What are the 4 types of sentencing?

The four traditional sentencing options identified in this chapter are fines, probation, imprisonment, and—in cases of especially horrific offenses—death.

What are the 3 sentencing models?

These new models include indeterminate, determinate, advisory/voluntary guidelines, presumptive and mandatory minimum sentencing (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2011). Indeterminate sentencing involves the judge handing down the sentence, specifying what the maximum and the minimum sentence is.

Watch Live: Jussie Smollett 'Empire' Star Sentencing - Judge Hands Down The Sentence

33 related questions found

What is determinate sentencing?

A determinate sentence is a jail or prison sentence that has a definite length and can't be reviewed or changed by a parole board or any other agency. The judge has little discretion in sentencing and must follow the sentence guidelines determined by the law.

What is the difference between indeterminate and determinate sentencing?

Some states use determinate sentencing, which means the judge sentences the offender to a specific time period, but most states use indeterminate sentencing, which is when the offender's sentence is identified as a range, rather than a specific time period. An example is one to five years.

What is an example of indeterminate sentencing?

By contrast, an indeterminate sentence is one that consists of a range of years—for example, "20 years to life." With an indeterminate sentence, there is always a minimum term (which, again, may be lessened by credits), but the release date, if any, is uncertain.

What are the five categories of sentencing?

Punishment has five recognized purposes: deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, retribution, and restitution.

What are the different types of sentencing in law?

There are three different types of prison sentence: Suspended sentence. Determinate sentence. Indeterminate sentence (including life sentences)

What is structured sentencing?

Structured criminal sentencing is a method used to determine an offender's sentence that classifies offenders using different factors and gives a sentence as specified by law.

What is consecutive sentence vs concurrent sentence?

What's the difference between consecutive and concurrent sentencing? When sentences run consecutively, the defendant serves them back to back (one after the other). When they run concurrently, the defendant serves them at the same time.

What does concurrent mean in sentencing?

A concurrent sentence refers to a type of sentence judges are able to give defendants convicted of more than one crime. Instead of serving each sentence one after another, a concurrent sentence allows the defendant to serve all of their sentences at the same time, where the longest period of time is controlling.

What is a fixed sentence?

Determinate or Fixed Sentence: This is a general sentence for a fixed amount of time, not generally subject to modification or adjustment. Final Sentence: This is final sentence rendered that puts a complete closing to the criminal case.

Under which system of sentencing does the judge sentence the defendant to a set term within a range established by the legislature?

Under which system of sentencing does the judge sentence the offender to a set term within a range established by the legislature? Determinate sentencing.

Why is there a need to specify the minimum and maximum periods of the indeterminate sentence?

The need for specifying the minimum and maximum periods of the indeterminate sentence is to prevent the unnecessary and excessive deprivation of liberty and to enhance the economic usefulness of the accused, since he may be exempted from serving the entire sentence, depending upon his behavior and his physical, mental, ...

What is the nature of indeterminate sentencing?

An indeterminate sentencing structure is one where a sentence for a criminal offense is given as a range. For example, a defendant could be sentenced to “15 years to life in prison.” With an indeterminate sentence, a minimum prison term is always given but a release date is left open.

What is incapacitation sentencing?

Incapacitation in the context of criminal sentencing philosophy is one of the functions of punishment. It involves capital punishment, sending an offender to prison, or possibly restricting their freedom in the community, to protect society and prevent that person from committing further crimes.

What is a proportional sentence?

A proportionate sentence has been described as a "reconciliation" between the necessary individualization and necessary party of a sentence. The principle of "parity" is an expression of the broader principle of proportionality.

What is indefinite sentencing?

Indefinite imprisonment or indeterminate imprisonment is the imposition of a sentence by imprisonment with no definite period of time set during sentencing.

What is a discretionary sentence?

A discretionary life sentence is a life sentence given to an offender in respect of an offence for which life imprisonment (or custody for life) is available but not fixed by law. A number of offences carry life imprisonment, eg manslaughter, kidnapping, torture and hijacking.

What is indeterminate penalty?

In imposing a sentence, it is a rule that court must determine two penalties, referred to in the Indeterminate Sentence Act as the maximum and minimum term, instead of just imposing a single fixed penalty.

What is indeterminate sentencing quizlet?

indeterminate sentencing. a model of criminal punishment that encourages rehabilitation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences. consecutive sentences.

What is individualized sentencing?

Because the death penalty is “different” in its seriousness and irrevocability, the Court required the sentencing court, whether judge or jury, to assess the individualized characteristics of the offender and the offense before imposing a sentence.

What states have indeterminate sentencing?

States with indeterminate sentencing are:
  • Alabama;
  • Alaska;
  • Arkansas;
  • Colorado;
  • Connecticut;
  • Georgia;
  • Hawaii;
  • Idaho;