Which article talks about free legal aid to poor in India?

Asked by: Arielle Murphy I  |  Last update: September 29, 2023
Score: 4.7/5 (24 votes)

Under Articles 22 (1) and 14 of the Indian Constitution, legal aid is a right, and Article 39-A advocates the provision for free legal aid to citizens in need. Free legal services are provided under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987, and are operationalised by the National Legal Services Authority.

Which article is free legal aid in India?

The constitution of Indian provides under Article 39-A that State, shall secure the operation of the legal system justice on a basis of equal opportunity and shall in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes or in any other way, to ensure that constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its ...

What is legal aid for poor people in India?

The Legal Services Authorities (LSA) Act, 1987 constituted under Article 39A of the Indian Constitution, provides free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society including beneficiaries covered under Section 12 of the Act to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any ...

How can I get free legal advice in India?

State Legal Services Authority: Every state in India has a State Legal Services Authority that provides free legal aid and assistance to those in need. These organizations provide free legal advice, represent clients in court, and conduct legal literacy programs in their respective states.

What is free legal aid in India Article 21?

Article 21 of the Constitution of India states, No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. Hence ensuring legal aid to everyone is necessary for ensuring substantive equality.

Free Legal Aid to Poor People | Criminal Law | NLSA | Legal Services | Judiciary Exam | StudyIQ

33 related questions found

What is meant by free legal aid in India?

Free legal aid is the provision of free legal services in civil and criminal matters for those poor and marginalized people who cannot afford the services of a lawyer for the conduct of a case or a legal proceeding in any Court, Tribunal or Authority.

What is legal aid Services in India Article 39A?

What is Article 39A? Article 39A imposes an obligation on the State to provide free legal aid to ensure access to justice for all citizens. Legal aid is defined as “such legal aid” as may be provided by the state under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 or any other law for the time being in force.

What happens if a person Cannot afford a lawyer in India?

Legal Aid is provided to the needy from the lowest Court to the Supreme Court of India. Legal Aid Counsel represent such needy persons before the lower Courts, High Courts and also before the Supreme Court of India.

What is legal aid movement in India?

Legal aid strives to ensure that constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its letter and spirit and equal justice is made available to the poor, downtrodden and weaker sections of the society.

What is Article 32 Legal Service India?

Article 32 gives incredible powers to supreme court to issue writs in case of the violation of the fundamental right by the states or the public authorities. which in other way secure the rights of the person. Hence it is proved that where there is rights there is remedies.

What is Article 32 case laws in India?

Article 32 of the Indian Constitution gives the right to individuals to move to the Supreme Court to seek justice when they feel that their right has been 'unduly deprived'.

Which article grants legal equality to Indian citizens?

Article 14 guarantees to all persons equality before the law and equal protection of the laws.

What is the conclusion of legal aid in India?

Conclusions: Legal aid is not a charity or bounty, but is an obligation of the state and right of the citizens. The focus of legal aid is on distributive justice, effective implementation of welfare benefits and elimination of social and structural discrimination against the poor.

Who is the father of legal aid in India?

Krishna Iyer. Justice Vaidyanathapuram Rama Krishna Iyer (15 November 1915 – 4 December 2014) was an Indian judge who became a pioneer of judicial activism. He pioneered the legal-aid movement in the country.

What is the constitutional validity of legal aid in India?

The right to free legal aid is supported under Articles 39A and 21 of the Indian constitution, with Article 21 stating that no person will be deprived of their life or personal liberty except by due process of law.

Can I sue someone who owes me money in India?

Indian laws have been updated to include a specific law on what damages can be recovered if someone has not returned the money they owe you. The article describes the case and provides details of how to pursue the case in court. If someone doesn't return your money as per the agreed terms, you can take legal action.

Who is not eligible for free legal services in India?

Persons whose annual income does not exceed Rs. 1 lakh (in the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee the limit is Rs. 5,00,000/-).

What can I do if someone owes me money and refuses to pay in India?

A lender can file a civil suit for recovering the money owed through promissory note or loan agreement. He can do so under Order 37 of CPC which allows the lender to file a summary suit. Drafting the summary lawsuit is the initial step in this process, after which the borrower should be served with the summons.

Which parts of equal justice and free legal aid in india?

The Constitution of India with forty second amendment inserted the provision of Equal Justice and Free Legal Aid under Art 39A and based on this the Legal Services Authorities Act was enacted in the year 1987.

Do lawyers have immunity in India?

As per Section 5, Legal Practitioners (Fees) Act, 1926, lawyers enjoy no immunity from liability for professional negligence by virtue of only being a legal professional. In D.K. Gandhi v. M.

What means legal free?

Legally free means that, with respect to a child, the legal rights of all parents with legal standing have been judicially terminated, voluntarily relinquished, or otherwise terminated by operation of law, thus allowing for the child to be adopted.

Is legal aid a fundamental right in India?

These services are governed by Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 and headed by the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA). Free legal aid is one of the fundamental rights guaranteed to all the citizens of the country.

What is the importance of legal awareness in India?

Legal awareness helps to promote consciousness of legal culture, participation in the formation of laws and the rule of law. Public legal education, sometimes called civics education, comprises a range of activities intended to build public awareness and skills related to law and the justice system.

What is the role of judiciary in protecting human rights in India legal aid?

The judiciary plays a vital role in protecting the fundamental rights of citizens in India. The Constitution of India guarantees fundamental rights to its citizens under Part III (Article 12 to 35). The judiciary, especially the Supreme Court, is the ultimate protector and interpreter of these fundamental rights.

What is Article 14 of the Legal Service of India?

Article 14 contains a guarantee of equality before law to all persons and protection to them against discrimination by law. It forbids class legislation. Also keeping in view of above-mentioned statements said by the different courts, it is clear that Article 14 gives the ensured of equal rights without discrimination.