Who brought PIL in India?Asked by: Prof. Alfred Schimmel | Last update: September 2, 2022
Score: 4.5/5 (31 votes)
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.
Which was the first PIL case in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
Who is the PIL Man of India?
PIL Man Ashwini Upadhyay: The Uncrowned King Of Public Interest Litigation. Being a Public Interest Litigation maven, he has filed more than 100 PILs in the Supreme Court and different High Courts of India.
When did PIL came to India?
Indian Premier League (IPL), Indian professional Twenty20 (T20) cricket league established in 2008. The league, which is based on a round-robin group and knockout format, has teams in major Indian cities.
Who formed PIL?
Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.
PIL | Public Interest Litigation | With notes
Who is the mother of PIL?
Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.
How many PIL are filed in India?
A total of 9,23,277 PILs were filed at the Supreme Court between 1985 and 2019. This means that on an average, the Court receives 26,379 PILs every year.
Who can file a PIL in India?
Who can file it? Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
What is PIL in court?
Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. Public interest cases may arise from both public and private law matters.
Who filed 1st PIL?
History of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in India
In 1979, Kapila Hingorani filed a petition and secured the release of almost 40000 undertrials from Patna's jails in the famous 'Hussainara Khatoon' case. Hingorani was a lawyer. This case was filed in the SC before a Bench led by Justice P N Bhagwati.
When was first PIL filed?
The first reported case of PIL was Hussainara Khatoon vs. State of Bihar (1979) that focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners that led to the release of more than 40,000 under trial prisoners.
In which country was the concept of PIL originated?
The term PIL as it is famous today originated in the United State of America in the mid-1980s. The nineteenth century saw various movements that contributed to Public Interest law, as a Part of Legal Aid Movement.
Why did government introduced the system of PIL?
Answer. Answer: The Public Intrest Litigation was introduced by the Supreme Court in early 1980's to increase access to justice. It allowed any idividual or an organisation to file a PIL in the Supreme Court or the High Court on the behalf of those whose rights were violated.
Who is known as the Green judge of India?
Kuldip Singh (born 1 January 1932) is an Indian attorney and a former judge of the Supreme Court of India.
How many types of PIL are there?
There are two types of Public Interest Litigation (PIL): Representative Social Action and. Citizen Social Action.
Who can move PIL?
Concept of PIL. According to the jurisprudence of Article 32 of the Constitution of India, The right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this part is guaranteed. Ordinarily, only the aggrieved party has the right to seek redress under Article 32.
Is PIL mentioned in Constitution?
Therefore, PILs may be filed either before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution or any High Court under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution. However, even a simple letter or a postcard addressed to the Chief Justice of India or the Chief Justice of a High Court may suffice.
Can NGO file a PIL?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) can be filed before a Magistrate or in any High Court or directly in the Supreme Court. PIL is a right given to the socially conscious member or a public spirited NGO to espouse a public cause by seeking judicial redressal of public injury.
Who is the 1st President of India?
Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar and subsequently, the first president of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
Who is the first woman Attorney General of India?
Cornelia Sorabji was born on 15 November 1866 in Nashik, in the Bombay Presidency, British India. She was one of ten children, and was named in honour of Lady Cornelia Maria Darling Ford, her adoptive grandmother.
Who is Hussain Ara Khatoon?
The case of Hussainara Khatoon revolutionised the Indian legal system. Hussainara was one of the six women undertrial prisoners that were held in the prisons of Bihar, hence the name.
Which two states share high courts?
Which of the states in India share a common High Court? The states of Punjab and Haryana have a common High Court in Chandigarh. Also, the North-Eastern states (Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh) share the same High Court in Guwahati.
What is Hussainara Khatoon vs Bihar case?
Hussainara Khatoon & Ors. was a landmark decision ruled on March 9, 1979, that gave broader meaning to Article 21 and stated that everyone has the right to a prompt trial. It is the most well-known case involving the human rights of Indian inmates.