Who can organize Lok Adalat?Asked by: Barton Bogan | Last update: February 19, 2022
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(1) Lok Adalats may be organised by the State Authorities or District Authorities or Supreme Court Legal Services Committee or High Court Legal Services Committee or, as the case may be, the Taluk Legal Services Committees at regular intervals and such Lok Adalats shall be organised for a definite geographical area as ...
Who appointed Lok Adalat?
The Permanent Lok Adalat is composed of a chairperson (who is a serving or a retired District and Sessions Judge or a Judicial Officer higher in the rank) and two other persons (or members, performing judicial duties).
Which authorities Cannot Organise Lok Adalat?
The correct answer is option 1, i.e Panchayat Committees.
Except Panchayat Committees, all the bodies given as options can organise 'Lok Adalats'. Lok Adalats have been given statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
How many members are there in Lok Adalat?
Permanent Lok Adalats have been set up as permanent bodies with a Chairman and two members for providing compulsory pre-litigative mechanism for conciliation and settlement of cases relating to Public Utility Services like transport, postal, telegraph etc.
What is difference between Lok Adalat and permanent Lok Adalat?
Lok Adalat is an alternative dispute resolution mechanism. The cases that are pending in courts or are at the pre-litigation stage are settled in Lok Adalat. ... Permanent Lok Adalat is a permanent body constituted to settle cases relating to Public Utility Services like transport, postal, telegraph, etc.
Lok Adalat | Origin | Powers | Jurisdiction | Public Services | Advantage | Role | Public Services
Which cases can be referred to Lok Adalat?
Civil cases, matrimonial cases, MACT cases and petty offence cases are mainly referred for lok adalat.
Who heads the Supreme Court?
The Chief Justice of India is the head and chief judge of the Supreme Court, which consists of a maximum of 34 judges and has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.
Who can move PIL in HC and SC?
Concept of PIL. According to the jurisprudence of Article 32 of the Constitution of India, The right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this part is guaranteed. Ordinarily, only the aggrieved party has the right to seek redress under Article 32.
Who is father of PIL?
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
Who can file PIL and against whom?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.
Can a letter be considered as PIL?
Form of the PIL– A PIL can be in the form of a Petition or even a letter or postcard. In the event that the PIL is to be filed before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, the letter/postcard must be addressed to the Chief Justice of India.
Which is more powerful Parliament or Supreme Court?
The ultimate decision-maker in the judicial system is Our Top Court, Supreme Court of India. ... The Highest courts can review the decisions made by the parliament. In our system no neither the parliament nor the judicial system is powerful, In India, our constitution is more powerful.
What is the full form of PIL?
Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals.
What is the Article 124?
Article 124 THE UNION JUDICIARY – Constitution Of India. (1) There shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief Justice of India and, until Parliament by law prescribes a larger number, of not more than seven2 other Judges. ... (b) a Judge may be removed from his office in the manner provided in clause (4).
What type of cases are decided by under civil law?
Divorce cases, rent matters and sale of land cases are decided under Civil Law.
Can Lok Adalat take criminal cases Upsc?
Matters such as matrimonial/family disputes, criminal (compoundable offences) cases, land acquisition cases, labour disputes, workmen's compensation cases, bank recovery cases, etc. are being taken up in Lok Adalats.
How can I approach Lok Adalat?
First an application must be filed by one of both parties to a dispute requesting the court to refer the matter to a Lok Adalat and after its admissions, the matter is heard by the presiding officer at the Lok Adalat.
Which is oldest high court in India?
The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India.
What is PIL BYJU's?
Public Interest Litigation (PIL) implies litigation for the protection of public interests. This is an important concept in law and polity and is often seen in the news. Hence, it acquires importance for the IAS exam.
What is a suo moto case?
'Suo motu' is a Latin term which means 'on its own motion'. When the Court takes suo moto cognisance of an issue, it institutes a case on its own accord by taking cognisance of a public issue.
Who can change the Judgement of Supreme Court?
Article 137 of the Constitution provides that subject to provisions of any law and rule made under Article 145 the Supreme Court of India has the power to review any judgement pronounced (or order made) by it.
Is President higher than Supreme Court?
A clear-cut separation of power is neither possible nor required. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. ... The decisions of the Supreme Court can also be reviewed by the executive, that is, the President.
Who is higher than Supreme Court?
The Supreme Court of India (SC of India), is at the top of the judicial hierarchy and the final court of appeal set up by the Indian Constitution. It followed by the High Court (HC), which is the apex judicial forum at the state and union territory level.
On what grounds PIL can be rejected?
(a) Reject dubious PIL at the threshold and in appropriate case with exemplary costs. (b) In cases where important project or socio economic regulations are challenged after gross delay, such petitions should be thrown out the very threshold on the ground of latches.
Can government employees file PIL?
Breaking; Government Employees can File PIL since Right to Judicial Remedies is a Constitutional right; SC quashes Disciplinary proceedings against IAS Officer for filing Black Money PIL and orders to pay 5 Lakhs [Read Jt] In a landmark Judgment a Two Judge Bench of the Supreme Court comprising of Justice J.