Who is father of PIL?Asked by: Prof. Wilfredo Ratke | Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.2/5 (24 votes)
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
Who first of all introduced the PIL?
Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.
Which is the first PIL in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
Who was the pioneer of the concept of PIL?
Notes: In India, Public Interest Litigation, as a product of the judicial activism of the Supreme Court, was pioneered by the likes of Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer and Justice P.N. Bhagwati in the 1980s.
Who introduced PIL in Indian judicial system and when?
India had to wait till 1986 when the then chief justice P.N. Bhagwati introduced public interest litigation (PIL) to the Indian judicial system.
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When was the PIL introduced?
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.
Who is the mother of PIL?
Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.
What is the full form of PIL?
Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals.
What is locus standi in PIL?
Locus Standi means the legal capacity to sue or approach courts. ... PIL is different from the usual method of litigation. Locus standi is mandatory in traditional litigation, but a genuine interest or legitimate concern about the issues of the public will act as a substitute for local standi in a PIL.
Who is the current Chief Justice of India?
The current Incumbent and 48th chief justice of India is Nuthalapati Venkata Ramana, who entered office on 24 April 2021.
Who can file PIL in India?
Who can file it? Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
Is PIL a writ petition?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury. ... A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person(s) to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights.
What is writ of certiorari in India?
The literal meaning of the writ of 'Certiorari' is 'To be certified' or 'To be informed. ' This writ is issued by a court higher in authority to a lower court or tribunal ordering them either to transfer a case pending with them to itself or quash their order in a case.
What is suo moto?
Suo Moto, meaning "on its own motion" is an Indian legal term, approximately equivalent to the English term SuaSponte. ... Certain instructions have been drawn up by the Government to make sure that the public departments/ministries make Suo Motu disclosure of information.
What does habeas corpus literally mean?
The literal meaning of habeas corpus is "you should have the body"—that is, the judge or court should (and must) have any person who is being detained brought forward so that the legality of that person's detention can be assessed.
What is PIL BYJU's?
Public Interest Litigation (PIL) implies litigation for the protection of public interests. This is an important concept in law and polity and is often seen in the news. Hence, it acquires importance for the IAS exam.
What is the PIL Class 8?
“Public interest Litigation” or PIL is a litigation filed in a court of law, for the protection of “Public Interest”, such as pollution, terrorism, road safety, constructional hazards etc. ... Court on behalf of those whose rights are being violated.
What is a PIL Class 9?
Answer: In case of any violation of a Fundamental Right, the aggrieved person can go to a court for remedy. But now, any person can go to court against the violation of a Fundamental Right, if it is of social or public interest. This is called Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
Who brought juristic revolution in PIL?
The splendid efforts of Justice P N Bhagwati and Justice V R Krishna Iyer were instrumental of this juristic revolution of eighties to convert the apex court of India into a Supreme Court for all Indians.
What is Hussainara Khatoon vs Bihar case?
The Ruling of the Apex Court in Hussainara Khatoon v State of Bihar. The Supreme Court held that the detention of these prisoners was illegal as it completely violated the Fundamental Right to Life and Liberty under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.
Why is Hussainara Khatoon vs Home Secretary State of Bihar important?
Hussainara Khatoon & Ors. is a landmark case, decided on 9th March 1979, which provided a wider interpretation for Article 21 and held that speedy trial is the fundamental right of every citizen. It is the most famous case which discusses the human rights of prisoners in India.
What is the other name of Lok Adalat?
Lok Adalat (People's Court) is Statutory Organisation under Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987, and created as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism used in India. It is a forum where cases pending on panchayat, or at a pre-litigation stage in a court of law, are settled.
What is PIL and Sal?
However, for our purposes, Social Action Litigation (SAL) and Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are synonymous. PIL, however, continues to be the popularly used term.
What is PIL cases in India?
Public Interest Litigation is the power given to the public by courts through judicial activism. Such cases may occur when the victim does not have the necessary resources to commence litigation or his freedom to move court has been suppressed or encroached upon.
What is writ petition in Pakistan?
Course Description: A writ can be filed before the High Court or Supreme Court in case of infringement of the fundamental rights under Article 199 & Article 184(3) of the constitution of The Islamic Republic of Pakistan respectively.