Who is responsible for arguing the government's cases before the Supreme Court?

Asked by: Maymie Heidenreich  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.3/5 (2 votes)

The solicitor general is the lawyer who represents the federal government before the Supreme Court: He or she decides which cases (in which the United States is a party) should be appealed from the lower courts and personally approves each one presented.

Who argues cases before the Supreme Court?

The Court holds oral argument in about 70-80 cases each year. The arguments are an opportunity for the Justices to ask questions directly of the attorneys representing the parties to the case, and for the attorneys to highlight arguments that they view as particularly important.

Who controls the Supreme Court?

Article III, Section 1. Section 1 establishes the Supreme Court of the United States. It gives Congress the power to organize the Supreme Court and to establish lower courts.

What is the Supreme Court responsible for?

As the final arbiter of the law, the Court is charged with ensuring the American people the promise of equal justice under law and, thereby, also functions as guardian and interpreter of the Constitution. The Supreme Court is "distinctly American in concept and function," as Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes observed.

Where do you hear Supreme Court arguments?

Beginning with the October Term 2010, the audio recordings of all oral arguments heard by the Supreme Court of the United States are available free to the public on the Court's website, www.supremecourt.gov. The audio recordings are posted on Fridays at the end of each argument week.

Equal Protection: Crash Course Government and Politics #29

38 related questions found

What is it like to argue before the Supreme Court?

“It's not nearly as rapid fire. It also feels like nine three-minute arguments, as opposed to one argument.” “This makes it harder for the Court to pin down the advocates and get to the nub of the case,” he continued. “In the traditional format, the justices' questions would build on each other.

How does Supreme Court decide which cases to hear?

The Justices use the "Rule of Four” to decide if they will take the case. If four of the nine Justices feel the case has value, they will issue a writ of certiorari. This is a legal order from the high court for the lower court to send the records of the case to them for review.

What is done first when a case comes before the Supreme Court?

Parties who are not satisfied with the decision of a lower court must petition the U.S. Supreme Court to hear their case. The primary means to petition the court for review is to ask it to grant a writ of certiorari.

Why does the Supreme Court refuse to hear so many cases?

The Supreme Court is extraordinarily selective in the kinds of cases it hears. ... The Court will often deny review when the circuit split is new, or involves only a few circuits, or involves an issue that may be resolved by Congress through new legislation or a federal agency through revised regulations.

What is the official Supreme Court opinion called following the argument of a Supreme Court case?

The term "opinions," as used here, refers to several types of writing by the Justices. The most well known are the opinions of the Court announced in cases in which the Court has heard oral argument. The Court may also dispose of cases in per curiam opinions, which do not identify the author. ...

What happens during the oral argument stage of cases heard before the Supreme Court?

What happens during the oral argument stage of cases heard before the Supreme Court? During the oral argument stage, the Supreme Court justices generally ask questions not answered in the briefs. ... Both interest groups and the solicitor general might submit amicus curiae briefs to the Supreme Court.

How do oral arguments work?

Oral arguments are spoken presentations to a judge or appellate court by a lawyer (or parties when representing themselves) of the legal reasons why they should prevail. ... Oral argument operates by each party in a case taking turns to speak directly to the judge or judges with an equal amount of time allotted to each.

Is Stephen Breyer a liberal or conservative?

Breyer is generally associated with the liberal wing of the Court. After attending Stanford University, Breyer attended the University of Oxford as a Marshall Scholar and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1964.

Are Supreme Court arguments public?

All oral arguments are open to the public, but seating is limited and on a first-come, first-seated basis. ... One is for those who wish to attend an entire argument, and the other, a three-minute line, is for those who wish to observe the Court in session only briefly.

How long after oral arguments does the Supreme Court make a decision?

The mean time from oral argument to decision in the 7219 sample is 83.6 days (the median is 75), with a standard deviation of 46.2. 6. This holds for 99 percent of the cases.

When did the Supreme Court start recording oral arguments?

The Court began audio recording oral arguments in 1955. The recordings are maintained at The National Archives and Records Administration. Prior to the 2010 Term, the recordings from one Term of Court were not available until the beginning of the next Term.

Who goes first in an oral argument?

At Oral Argument

Usually, people will start their oral argument before the appellate court with the words "May it please the court." If you want to save some of your time to respond to the other side, then you must tell the court this immediately.

How do you address the Supreme Court in an oral argument?

Always address the judge to whom you are speaking as "Your Honor," and refer to another judge as "Judge so-and-so." If the case is before the United States Supreme Court all members of the panel will be addressed as "Justice."

What happens to most cases appealed to the Supreme Court?

Most appeals are final. The court of appeals decision usually will be the final word in the case, unless it sends the case back to the trial court for additional proceedings, or the parties ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review the case. ... The Supreme Court, however, does not have to grant review.

Who speaks during oral arguments?

Supreme Court oral arguments

Attorneys must limit their presentations to information in the trial court record and to legal issues raised on appeal. The appellant (party who filed the appeal) speaks first. The appellee (opposing party) speaks next. The appellant may follow with a brief rebuttal or reply argument.

What do Supreme Court justices do after reading the written briefs?

Who holds the power to impeach a federal judge? ... In the process of hearing a case, what do Supreme Court justices do after reading the written briefs? Listen to oral arguments. What is a writ of certiorari?

Who were the midnight judges quizlet?

What are "midnight judges"? The Judiciary Act of 1801 created 16 new federal judgeships that President Adams filled with federalists before he left office. Midnight judges were the federalist judges that Adams had appointed.

What kind of cases are tried by the Supreme Court?

The United States Supreme Court is a federal court, meaning in part that it can hear cases prosecuted by the U.S. government. (The Court also decides civil cases.) The Court can also hear just about any kind of state-court case, as long as it involves federal law, including the Constitution.

What are the 3 opinions of the Supreme Court?

  • Majority opinion.
  • Dissenting opinion.
  • Plurality opinion.
  • Concurring opinion.
  • Memorandum opinion.
  • Per curiam opinion.
  • Seriatim opinion.