Who was CJI when PIL was introduced?Asked by: Brett Harber | Last update: February 19, 2022
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Former Chief Justice of India (CJI) PN Bhagwati, who is credited with introducing the concept of Public Interest Litigation (PIL), passed away aged 95 on Thursday.
Who was the Chief Justice of India when PIL introduced?
When PIL (Public Interest Litigation) was introduced in the Indian Judiciary System, the chief justice of India was Justice P.N. Bhagwati. In fact, he only, as a Supreme court judge, introduced the concept of PIL in the judicial system.
Who was the Chief Justice of India when public interest litigation first time introduced in Indian judicial system?
PN Bhagwati, the 17th Chief Justice of India introduced the concepts of Public interest Litigation and absolute liability in India.
Who were the judges who admitted the first case of PIL?
Bhagwati and Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer were among the first judges to admit PILs in court. Filing a PIL is not as cumbersome as a usual legal case; there have been instances when letters and telegrams addressed to the court have been heard as PILs.
Who is known as the father of PIL?
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
Only Chief Justice Can hear the PIL - Public Interest Litigation in Supreme Court of India
Who is the mother of PIL?
Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.
Which is the first PIL in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
When was the PIL introduced?
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.
Who introduced PIL in Indian judicial system and when?
India had to wait till 1986 when the then chief justice P.N. Bhagwati introduced public interest litigation (PIL) to the Indian judicial system.
Who can move PIL in High Court and Supreme Court?
Constitutional Lawyers in India
It can review legislation and administrative actions or decisions on the anvil of constitutional law. For the enforcement of fundamental rights one has to move the Supreme Court or the High Courts directly by invoking Writ Jurisdiction of these courts.
What is PIL and Sal explain?
Also, unlike India, PIL in the United States sought to represent ''interests without groups'' such as consumerism or environment. However, for our purposes, Social Action Litigation (SAL) and Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are synonymous. PIL, however, continues to be the popularly used term.
Which country introduced PIL?
The term PIL originated in the United States in the mid-1980s. Since the nineteenth century, various movements in that country had contributed to public interest law, which was part of the legal aid movement. The first legal aid office was established in New York in 1876.
Who can file PIL in India?
Who can file it? Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
Is PIL a writ petition?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury. ... A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person(s) to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights.
What is PIL Upsc?
About: Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern.
What is PIL in SST?
PIL: (i)Any person can go to court against the violation of the Fundamental Right, if it is of social or public interest. It is called Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
Who was the pioneer of the concept of PIL?
Notes: In India, Public Interest Litigation, as a product of the judicial activism of the Supreme Court, was pioneered by the likes of Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer and Justice P.N. Bhagwati in the 1980s.
When did the Supreme Court devised the mechanism of PIL?
Public interest litigation (PIL) which was devised by the apex court in 1984, is a valuable mechanism to redress the problems of the neglected, alienated and marginalized sections of society whose fundamental rights are infringed and violated and whose grievances go unnoticed, unrepresented and unheard.
What is the other name of Lok Adalat?
Lok Adalat (People's Court) is Statutory Organisation under Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987, and created as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism used in India. It is a forum where cases pending on panchayat, or at a pre-litigation stage in a court of law, are settled.
Who is the current Chief Justice of India?
The current Incumbent and 48th chief justice of India is Nuthalapati Venkata Ramana, who entered office on 24 April 2021.
Who was the first Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court?
Sir R.F. Lodge was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of Assam High Court on 5th April 1948. The Assam High Court initially had its sittings at Shillong but shifted to Gauhati from 14th August 1948.
What is locus standi in PIL?
Locus Standi means the legal capacity to sue or approach courts. ... PIL is different from the usual method of litigation. Locus standi is mandatory in traditional litigation, but a genuine interest or legitimate concern about the issues of the public will act as a substitute for local standi in a PIL.
What are the cases of PIL?
- Vishaka v. State of Rajasthan. ...
- Javed v. State of Haryana. ...
- Hussainara Khatoon v. State of Bihar. ...
- M.C. Mehta vs. Union of India. ...
- Parmanand Katara vs. Union of India.
Who brought juristic revolution in PIL?
The splendid efforts of Justice P N Bhagwati and Justice V R Krishna Iyer were instrumental of this juristic revolution of eighties to convert the apex court of India into a Supreme Court for all Indians.
What is Hussainara Khatoon vs Bihar case?
The Ruling of the Apex Court in Hussainara Khatoon v State of Bihar. The Supreme Court held that the detention of these prisoners was illegal as it completely violated the Fundamental Right to Life and Liberty under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.