Can Supreme Court punish for contempt of subordinate court?

Asked by: Jamaal Stracke  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.4/5 (67 votes)

The Act specifies that High Courts and the Supreme Court of India have the power to try and punish the offence of contempt, and High Courts have the power to punish acts of contempt against courts subordinate to them; however, the Supreme Court of India has clarified that any court of record has the inherent power to ...

Which court has jurisdiction for contempt of court?

Election Petitions under Part III of the Presidential and Vice Presidential Elections Act, 1952 are also filed directly in the Supreme Court. Under Articles 129 and 142 of the Constitution the Supreme Court has been vested with power to punish for contempt of Court including the power to punish for contempt of itself.

How contempt cases are handled by Supreme Court in India?

As per Article 129 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court is empowered, under the capacity of being considered as a court of record, to punish for any contempt of itself. ... Further, Article 142(2) of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has been enriched with the power to pass any order punishing the contempt of itself.

Can High Court punish for contempt of lower court?

Further, High Courts are given an additional power for contempt to punish in lower courts[8] which is given under the provisions of Section 10 of Contempt of Courts Act, 1971.

What punishment is provided for the contempt of court?

(1) Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act or in any other law, a contempt of court may be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees, or with both: —(1) Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act or in any other law, ...

Contempt of Court 2: Court Reporting

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What happens if someone does not obey a court order?

(d) Contempt of Court Proceedings

If you have obtained an enforceable court order and there is a clear breach of the court order, the breaching party may be committing a criminal offence (sometimes known as being in “contempt of court”). This may lead to police action, prosecution, fines, or imprisonment.

Can judge be punished for contempt?

(1) Subject to the provisions of any law for the time being in force, a judge, magistrate or other person acting judicially shall also be liable for contempt of his own court or of any other court in the same manner as any other individual is liable and the provisions of this Act shall, so far as may be, apply ...

Does contempt of court apply tribunals?

In addition to these courts, certain administrative tribunals also have been given the power to punish for contempt, in their governing statutes.

Are Subordinate courts court of record?

It has original and appellate jurisdiction. It is the protector of the fundamental rights. It is also court of record, and can punish for its contempt.

Is contempt a civil or criminal Offence?

The law codifying contempt classifies it as civil and criminal. Civil contempt is fairly simple. It is committed when someone wilfully disobeys a court order, or wilfully breaches an undertaking given to court. Criminal contempt is more complex.

What are the types of contempt of court briefly narrate the punishment for contempt of court with examples?

Punishment for Contempt of Court

Section 12(1) of this Act states that a person who alleged with the Contempt of Court can be punished with simple imprisonment and this imprisonment can extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees or can be of both type punishment.

What is not contempt of court?

Under Section 7 fair and accurate reporting of a proceeding of a court “in chambers or in the camera” is not contempt except when the publication of publication is prohibited by a specific law or when the court on grounds of public policy specially prohibits the publication of a proceeding or if court prohibits ...

What is contempt of court explain the different types of contempt of court and the punishment for contempt of court?

[1]Contempt is such conduct of a person which is likely to prejudice the fair trial or cause interference in the exercise of judicial power. ... Essentially the definition under the Act is more of a classification of the term “Contempt of Court” as it has been defined as “means Civil Contempt or Criminal Contempt.” II.

Can Supreme Court approach directly?

Under Article 32 of the Constitution of India any person can file a Writ Petition in the Supreme Court of India seeking to protect his/her fundamental rights, guaranteed by the Constitution of India. Any person can directly approach the Supreme Court of India only in the above mentioned situation.

Who can remove the judge of the Supreme Court?

A Judge of the Supreme Court cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting, and presented to the President in ...

What are subordinate courts?

Subordinate courts, on the criminal side (in ascending order of hierarchy) are, First Class Judicial Magistrate Court, Chief Judicial Magistrate Court. Certain matters on criminal side or civil side cannot be tried by a court lesser than a district court.

How many types of subordinate courts are there?

There are three types of subordinate courts in India. They are: Junior civil judge/ junior first class magistrate. Senior Civil Judge Court /Sub court.

What is the highest criminal court in a district?

The highest criminal court of the district is the Court of District and Sessions Judge.

Who appoints the judges of the subordinate courts?

The judges of subordinate courts are appointed by the Governor in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court of the concerned State.

Can Supreme Court refuse to give advice to President?

The opinion of the Supreme Court is only advisory and not binding. The President is free to follow or not to follow. ... It was also held by the Supreme Court that the references made under this Article are not the “law declared by the Supreme Court” under Article 141 of the Constitution.

What are the exceptions of the contempt of court Act?

Exceptions under the Contempt of Court

However, this subsection shall not apply with respect to the distribution of: (i) any publication which is a book or paper printed or published otherwise than in compliance with the rules contained in section 3 of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 (25 of 1867);

What are the consequences of breaching a court order?

The courts have been given the power to find an individual who is breaching their order to be in contempt of court for failing to comply with the terms of its order. Contempt of court includes interfering with the administration of justice and carries the following sanctions: Imprisonment. Fines.

Is breaking a court order a criminal Offence?

Although it doesn't happen very often, as judges prefer to find another way to deal with matters where possible, family judges can and do send people to prison for breaching their orders – this is not a criminal conviction, but all civil (non-criminal) courts have a power to enforce their orders by committing the ...

What does the term contempt of court mean?

Contempt of court is a legal violation committed by an individual who disobeys a judge or otherwise disrupts the legal process in the courtroom. ... If the four criteria are met, a judge may hold the violating person in contempt of court, which carries a range of punishments, including monetary fines and jail time.

What are the two types of contempt of court?

Conduct normally falls within two types of contempt of court – civil and criminal.
Several examples of contempt of court include:
  • Disobeying court orders.
  • Interrupting a court proceeding.
  • Refusing to comply.
  • Using inappropriate language in the courtroom.