Is HC subordinate to Supreme Court?

Asked by: Germaine Rosenbaum DVM  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 5/5 (47 votes)

“Under our constitutional scheme, high courts are not subordinate to the Supreme Court; high courts are as much independent as the Supreme Court is, though their orders could be judicially challenged in the Supreme Court, the latter being a Court of Appeal,” the petition said.

Are high courts subordinate to Supreme Court?

The highest court in India is the Supreme Court and though it has appellate jurisdiction not only over High Courts but also over other courts and tribunals, they are not declared to be subordinate to it; they are inferior to it but not subordinate to it.

Is Supreme Court superior to High Court?

The High Court, being a Constitutional court and a court of record, cannot be limited in its exercise of power by any restrictions placed on it by the Supreme Court, unless the Supreme Court interprets a statute or the Constitution and prescribes it as a matter of law.

Who controls High Court?

High courts are headed by a chief justice. The chief justices rank fourteenth (within their respective states) and seventeenth (outside their respective states) on the Indian order of precedence.

Can High Court overrule Supreme Court?

The High Court cannot overrule the decision of the Apex Court on the ground that the Supreme Court laid down the legal position without considering any other point. ... When the Supreme Court decides a principle it would be the duty of the High Court or a subordinate court to follow the decision of the Supreme Court.

Comparison between Supreme Court High Court & Subordinate Court - Oath, Resignation, Qualification

41 related questions found

Which is more powerful Supreme Court or High Court?

As the name suggests, Supreme Court is the apex judicial body located in the New Delhi, India. It is the highest court of redressal and final court of appeal under Indian Constitution. It has more power than the High Court of a state. A law or order passed by the SC, is binding on all law courts and tribunals in India.

Who can reverse the Judgement of Supreme Court?

President has the power to reverse or change the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Explanation: The Supreme Court is at the top of the integrated judiciary system. The Supreme Court includes of one chief justice and 30 other judges.

What is a subordinate court?

Subordinate courts, on the criminal side (in ascending order of hierarchy) are, First Class Judicial Magistrate Court, Chief Judicial Magistrate Court. Certain matters on criminal side or civil side cannot be tried by a court lesser than a district court.

How many HC are in India?

There are 25 High Courts in India. The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India.

Who appoints judges of subordinate courts?

The judges of subordinate courts are appointed by the Governor in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court of the concerned State.

What is the Article 124?

Article 124 THE UNION JUDICIARY – Constitution Of India. (1) There shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief Justice of India and, until Parliament by law prescribes a larger number, of not more than seven2 other Judges. ... (b) a Judge may be removed from his office in the manner provided in clause (4).

Why High Court has more power than Supreme Court?

High Courts have the power of judicial review. They have the power to declare any law or ordinance unconstitutional if it is found to be against the Indian Constitution. A High Court alone can certify the cases fit for appeal before the Supreme Court.

Can a person directly approach Supreme Court?

Under Article 32 of the Constitution of India any person can file a Writ Petition in the Supreme Court of India seeking to protect his/her fundamental rights, guaranteed by the Constitution of India. Any person can directly approach the Supreme Court of India only in the above mentioned situation.

Are High Courts subordinate to Supreme Court in India?

explain the working of the subordinate or lower courts. At present there are 21 High Courts for 28 States and seven Union Territories. The High Courts are the highest courts at State level, but being part of integrated Indian judiciary they work under the superintendence, direction and control of the Supreme Court.

Who is Supreme Court judge 2021?

Justice N. V. Ramana is the 48th chief justice of India. He was sworn in on 24 April 2021.

How many types of subordinate courts are there?

There are three types of subordinate courts in India. They are: Junior civil judge/ junior first class magistrate. Senior Civil Judge Court /Sub court.

Which is the biggest High Court in India?

Court of Judicature at Allahabad is a high court based in Allahabad that has jurisdiction over the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It one of the first high courts to be established in India. Allahabad High Court is one biggest Highcourt in a Country & The building is excellent with lush green garden.

What is the full form of PIL?

Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals.

Which is the first high court of India?

The first high court in India, 'The High Court of Judicature at Fort William', now called the 'High Court of Calcutta', was brought into existence by the Letters Patent dated 14 May 1862, issued under the Indian High Courts Act, 1861 and was formally opened on 1 July 1862.

What is the other name for subordinate court?

Subordinate courts are also known as Tehsil courts and district courts.

Which of the following is a subordinate court?

The subordinate courts include the District Judges, Judges of the city civil courts, Metropolitan magistrates and members of the judicial service of the state.

Can President reverse the judgement of Supreme Court?

A Judge of the Supreme Court cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting, and presented to the President in ...

How many times has the Supreme Court reversed?

Historically, the US Supreme Court rarely overturns decisions. In fact, in its 232-year history, it has done so only 233 times. That might sound high, but consider this: Between 1946 and 2020, there were 9,095 decisions made by the high court.

Can the decisions of the Supreme Court be overridden by the President?

The president can not override any decision made by the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court evaluates laws, Congress makes laws, and the president enforces laws. There is a loop-hole however, the president can choose to not enforce this ruling, however he may be impeached as a result of this decision.