What are the five steps in a criminal trial quizlet?

Asked by: Peyton Wiza  |  Last update: July 18, 2023
Score: 4.1/5 (52 votes)

  • Stage #1: Entry into the Criminal Justice System. REPORTING OF THE CRIME. LAW ENFORCEMENT INVESTIGATION. ...
  • Stage #2: Pretrial and Further Investigation. INITIAL APPEARENCE. ...
  • Stage #3: Determination of Guilt. PLEA AGREEMENT. ...
  • Stage #4: Sentencing/ Appeal. 30-45 days until sentencing. ...
  • Stage #5: Corrections. PROBATION.

What are the five steps in a criminal trial?

A criminal trial typically consists of six following phases:
  • Choosing a Jury.
  • Opening Statements.
  • Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
  • Closing Arguments.
  • Jury Instruction.
  • Jury Deliberation and Announcement of Verdict.

What are the steps in a criminal trial quizlet?

  • 1: Investigation. Crime reported. ...
  • 2: Arrest. Miranda Rights read. ...
  • 3: Booking. Formal process of making police record to arrest. ...
  • 4: Preliminary Hearing. Screaming devices used to determine if there's enough evidence to require defendant to stand trial. ...
  • 5: Indictment. ...
  • 6: Arraignments. ...
  • 7: Trial. ...
  • 8: Verdict.

How many steps are there in a trial?

There are four main stages to a trial. In sequence, they are: Pleading Stage - filing the complaint and the defense's motions. Pretrial Stage - discovery process, finding of facts.

What is the trial process in the criminal justice system?

During the trial, lawyers present evidence through witnesses who testify about what they saw or know. After all the evidence is presented, the lawyers give their closing arguments. Finally, the jury decides if the defendant is guilty or not guilty. The jury must find the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.

What is the Court Process of a Criminal Case?

34 related questions found

What are the 5 elements of crime criminal law?

Key Takeaways
  • The elements of a crime are criminal act, criminal intent, concurrence, causation, harm, and attendant circumstances. ...
  • Criminal act is usually an unlawful bodily movement that is defined in a statute, or a case in jurisdictions that allow common-law crimes.

What is step 5 of managing the crime scene?

5. Document and Process Scene. It is imperative to follow proper procedures for collection so that no evidence is destroyed or contaminated.

What is the process of a trial?

Trial can be divided into four stages: the opening proceeding, examination of evidence, questioning of the defendant, and the closing arguments.

What is the first step in a criminal trial?

Once you have been charged, you will be brought before a judge for your first court appearance. Typically, your arraignment will take place on the same day you are arrested. During the arraignment, your charges will be read and you will be given the opportunity to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty.

What comes first in a trial?

Since the burden of proof is on the state, the prosecution presents their case and all of their evidence first. After the prosecution has presented their case, the defense can question the prosecution's witnesses. Then the defense may present its case and all of its evidence.

What are the 4 steps to a trial?

The Trial
  1. Opening Statements. Every trial proceeds in basically the same way. ...
  2. Presenting the Prosecution/Plaintiff's Evidence. Opening statements are followed by the case-in-chief. ...
  3. Presenting the Defense's Evidence. ...
  4. Closing Arguments. ...
  5. The Jury's Verdict.

What are the five 5 objectives of a crime scene investigation?

According to Fischer, objective of crime scene investigation are the following: Reconstruction of the incident; determination the sequence of events; determination the method of committing the crime; disclosure of motive; revealing what offender might do; finding real evidence of a crime.

What are the steps in processing a crime scene?

The Seven S'S of Crime-Scene Investigation
  • Securing the Scene.
  • Separating the Witnesses.
  • Scanning the Scene.
  • Seeing the Scene.
  • Sketching the Scene.
  • Searching for Evidence.
  • Securing and Collecting Evidence.

What is the correct order of steps to process a crime scene?

What are the correct order of the steps taken while processing a crime scene? Assess the crime scene and assist those who are hurt, Detain witness, Arrest the perp, Protect crime scene, Take notes.

What are the five broad categories of crime?

There are a wide variety of crimes, but they can be generally segregated into five categories. Crimes against a person, crimes against property, inchoate crimes, statutory crimes, and financial crimes are the broad classification of every crime committed.

What are the 4 main elements of a crime describe?

While some crimes require additional components (this can also vary by jurisdiction), there are a few critical elements to every crime in the United States. These include actus reus, mens rea, the concurrence of the previous two elements, and causation.

What are the 6 principles of criminal law?

They "stipulate what is common in all crimes."4 The seven principles necessarily present in all "true" criminal law include legality; nens rea, act, and their concurrence; causation; harm; and punishment.

What is the most important step in processing a crime scene?

Searching the Scene for Evidence

Investigators must methodically and thoroughly search the crime scene for physical evidence. This search can be the most important phase of the investigation. Basically, the investigators are looking for anything that should not be there.

What is the core of the crime scene?

Usually, the first police officers on the scene secure the core area -- the most obvious parts of the crime scene where most of the evidence is concentrated.

What is criminal processing?

Criminal procedure deals with the set of rules governing the series of proceedings through which the government enforces substantive criminal law. Municipalities, states, and the federal government each have their own criminal codes, defining types of conduct that constitute crimes.

What are the 5 elements of investigation?

These elements, as described above are:
  • Scoping out the investigation;
  • Planning the investigation;
  • Collecting all relevant evidence;
  • Reviewing and analysing the evidence and information; and.
  • Documenting the steps and findings in a concise and well-articulated report.

What are the 5 protocols of investigation?

The Investigative Protocol I have developed is: Prepare, Inquire, Analyze, Document, and Report. Following this protocol will expose any weaknesses in the opponent's case and enhance your case. The Prepare stage is the foundation of the investigative process, and applies to every investigation.

What are 5 pieces of evidence that might be obtained at a crime scene?

Crime scene investigators collect evidence such as fingerprints, footprints, tire tracks, blood and other body fluids, hairs, fibers and fire debris.

What are the major parts of a trial?

After a jury is selected, a trial will generally follow this order of events:
  • Opening Statement: ...
  • Presentation of Evidence: ...
  • Rulings by the Judge: ...
  • Instructions to the Jury: ...
  • Closing Arguments: ...
  • Deliberation:

What is the final order in a criminal case?

Final Court Order means a court order or judgment that has been signed by a judge and shows the stamp of the court clerk or trial court administrator, indicating the order is a certified copy of the original record on file with the court.