What are the seven 7 stages of the trial?

Asked by: Prof. Guy Crooks  |  Last update: August 6, 2023
Score: 4.7/5 (64 votes)

Criminal Trial Phases
  • Choosing a Jury.
  • Opening Statements.
  • Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
  • Closing Arguments.
  • Jury Instruction.
  • Jury Deliberation and Announcement of Verdict.

What are the steps of trial?

The steps of a criminal trial are:
  • Selecting a jury.
  • Opening statements.
  • Witness testimonies and cross-examination.
  • Closing arguments.
  • Jury instruction.
  • Deliberation and verdict.

What are the 8 stages of a trial?

Stages of a Criminal Trial
  • Stages of a Criminal Trial. ...
  • Voir Dire. ...
  • Opening Statements. ...
  • Prosecution Evidence and Witnesses. ...
  • Motion for Directed Verdict. ...
  • Defense Evidence and Witnesses. ...
  • Closing Arguments. ...
  • Jury Charge.

What are the 10 stages of a criminal trial?

MENU Steps in the Federal Criminal Process
  • Investigation.
  • Charging.
  • Initial Hearing / Arraignment.
  • Discovery.
  • Plea Bargaining.
  • Preliminary Hearing.
  • Pre-Trial Motions.
  • Trial.

What are the six steps in the pretrial process?

Pretrial Stages of Criminal Prosecution
  • First appearance.
  • Determination of probable cause.
  • Arraignment.
  • Bond hearing.
  • Pretrial conferences.
  • Motion hearings.
  • Discovery and investigation.
  • Depositions.

7 Stages Of A Louisiana Criminal Trial

21 related questions found

How many stages does trial have?

There are four main stages to a trial. In sequence, they are: Pleading Stage - filing the complaint and the defense's motions. Pretrial Stage - discovery process, finding of facts.

What are the first 5 steps in a trial?

They five stages are as follows: the first appearance, the arraignment, motions, pre-trial conference and trial.
  • First Appearance. The first appearance is the accused's first opportunity to appear before a judge. ...
  • Arraignment. The next stage is the arraignment. ...
  • Motions. ...
  • Pre-trial Conference. ...
  • Trial.

What are the 12 steps in a trial in order?

The 12 Step Process of a Criminal Case
  • Arrest: Typically, the initial contact you have with the criminal justice system is through an arrest being made. ...
  • Initial Appearance: ...
  • Preliminary Hearing: ...
  • Arraignment: ...
  • Trial: ...
  • Opening Statements: ...
  • Witnesses: ...
  • Closing Arguments:

What is a silent plea?

The defendant can plead guilty, not guilty, or stand mute (also known as a “standing silent” plea). Standing mute or silent means a defendant does not take a stance on being guilty or not guilty; they remain silent pursuant to rights guaranteed by the 5th Amendment.

What are the 9 steps in the criminal justice process?

  • 1st Step: ARREST. This means that you are arrested for a particular crime. ...
  • 2nd Step: JAIL. ...
  • 3rd Step: BOND/BAIL. ...
  • 4th Step: ARRAIGNMENT. ...
  • 5th Step: PRELIMINARY HEARING. ...
  • 6th Step: PRETRIAL CONFERENCE. ...
  • 7th Step: BENCH OR JURY TRIAL. ...
  • 8th Step: SENTENCING.

What is the most important stage of a trial?

Jury selection is one of the most important parts of a federal criminal trial. Many volumes have been written providing advice regarding how to handle this part of the trial.

What are the 4 types of trials?

Types of Trials as per the Code of Criminal Procedure
  • Complaints to Magistrate.
  • Sessions Trial.
  • Warrant Trial.
  • Summons Trial.
  • Summary Trial.

What is the order of events of the trial?

Order of Events in a Trial
  • Opening Statement: The lawyers for each side will explain the case, the evidence they plan to present, and the issues for the jury to decide.
  • Presentation of Evidence: ...
  • Rulings by the Judge: ...
  • Instructions to the Jury: ...
  • Closing Arguments: ...
  • Deliberation:

What comes first in a trial?

Since the burden of proof is on the state, the prosecution presents their case and all of their evidence first. After the prosecution has presented their case, the defense can question the prosecution's witnesses. Then the defense may present its case and all of its evidence.

What does a judge say at the beginning of a trial?

Judge: Members of the jury, your duty today will be to determine whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty based only on facts and evidence provided in this case. The prosecution must prove that a crime was committed and that the defendant is the person who committed the crime.

What do you do before a trial?

  1. Get ready early! ...
  2. Review all the papers that have been filed in the case, both by you and the other party. ...
  3. Review all the documents and evidence you obtained through discovery and make a summary of what you think will help you present your case or question the other side's evidence.
  4. Arrange for witness testimony:

What is the most common plea?

Pleading not guilty is perhaps the most common plea entered in criminal court. Even if a person believed they are guilty of the offense, pleading not guilty is usually the safest bet.

Does silence prove guilt?

Held, that silence in the face of pertinent and direct accusation of crime par- takes of the nature of a confession, and is admissible as a circumstance to be considered by the jury as tending to show guilt, even though the person accused is in custody on the charge.

Why do people stand silent at arraignment?

There are a number of reasons why a defendant may choose to stand mute. In some cases, they may be attempting to delay the proceedings or hoping to negotiate a plea agreement with the prosecution. In other cases, they may be protesting the legitimacy of the court or the charges against them.

What burden of proof is used in civil matters?

In civil cases, the plaintiff has the burden of proving their case by a preponderance of the evidence, which means the plaintiff merely needs to show that the fact in dispute is more likely than not.

What are three things the 6th gives you in a trial?

The Sixth Amendment guarantees the rights of criminal defendants, including the right to a public trial without unnecessary delay, the right to a lawyer, the right to an impartial jury, and the right to know who your accusers are and the nature of the charges and evidence against you.

What are the 4 steps to a trial?

The Trial
  1. Opening Statements. Every trial proceeds in basically the same way. ...
  2. Presenting the Prosecution/Plaintiff's Evidence. Opening statements are followed by the case-in-chief. ...
  3. Presenting the Defense's Evidence. ...
  4. Closing Arguments. ...
  5. The Jury's Verdict.

How long does trial last?

A trial can last up to several weeks, but most straightforward cases will conclude within a few days. In a typical trial, lawyers on both sides will present their argument with supportive evidence and question witnesses.

What happens after a trial?

At the end of the trial, the court will give the result - the defendant will be found guilty or not guilty. If they're found guilty, the court will give them a sentence - this will happen either immediately after the trial or on another day.

What is the last step in the trial process?

Closing arguments are the final opportunity for the prosecutor and the defense attorney to talk to the jury. These arguments allow both attorneys to summarize the testimony and evidence, and ask the jury to return a verdict of guilty or not guilty.