What are the two sides of a trial?

Asked by: Ebba Keeling  |  Last update: December 23, 2023
Score: 4.6/5 (13 votes)

parties - Plaintiffs and defendants (petitioners and respondents) to lawsuits, also known as appellants and appellees in appeals, and their lawyers. petit jury (or trial jury) - A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute.

What are the two sides in a court trial?

Plaintiff & Defendant

If it is not a criminal court case, the person who alleges that something wrong has been done is usually called the Plaintiff. The person accused of having done wrong is usually called the Defendant.

What are the sides of a trial called?

Parties: The plaintiff and defendant in the case - also called the “litigants.” Cause of Action: The legal grounds on which a party to a lawsuit relies to get a verdict against his opponent.

What are the two sides in a case called?

The people or entities who are directly involved in a lawsuit are called parties. They are plaintiffs (those who are suing in a civil case) or defendants (those being sued in a civil case or accused in criminal cases). The parties may be present at the counsel tables with their lawyers during the trial.

What are the two sides in a prosecution vs defendant's?

In criminal trials, the state's side, represented by a district attorney, is called the prosecution. In civil trials, the side making the charge of wrongdoing is called the plaintiff. (The side charged with wrongdoing is called the defendant in both criminal and civil trials.)

The Two Sides of Sarah

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What are the two opposing sides called in a criminal case?

The prosecution is the lawyer, or lawyers, charged with resolving a criminal case. This happens primarily by one of two ways: either through a negotiated plea bargain; or by proving the defendant guilty of the charged crime to a judge or jury. The defendant is the person accused of a crime.

What is the opposing side of the defendant?

A lawsuit is called a “criminal case” when it is between the state on one side, as plaintiff, and a person on the other side, as defendant, charging the defendant with committing a crime, the verdict usually being “guilty” or “not guilty”.

Who are the parties on both sides of the case?

Both the plaintiff and the defendant are also referred to as "parties" or "litigants." The plaintiff may ask the court to tell the defendant to fulfill the duty, or make compensation for the harm done, or both. Legal duties include respecting rights established under the Constitution or under federal or state law.

What is the left side of the court called?

Context for Ad Court

Players use the term ad court to refer to the left side of the court. When you face the net, your ad court is the left side of the court. Similarly, when your opponent faces the net, their ad court is to their left.

What's the opposite of a defendant in court?

In Criminal Cases, the Plaintiff is typically identified as “The People,” which is the State on behalf of the victim. The Defendant is the individual(s) being accused of a crime or code. In Civil Cases, the Plaintiff is the person(s) who has alleged that a wrongdoing has been done to the them.

Which side gets the last word in a trial?

The prosecution goes first, followed by the defense and a rebuttal by the prosecution. Because the prosecution has the burden of proof, it gets the final word. After the closing arguments, the judge will give the jury its final instructions.

What is the right to trial called?

The Sixth Amendment guarantees the rights of criminal defendants, including the right to a public trial without unnecessary delay, the right to a lawyer, the right to an impartial jury, and the right to know who your accusers are and the nature of the charges and evidence against you.

What is the defendant in a civil trial called?

In civil cases, the defendant is the person or entity that is being sued by the plaintiff. In certain types of actions, the defendant is called the respondent. However, the term respondent is usually used to designate the person responding to an appeal.

What is step two of a trial?

Step 2: Preliminary Hearing

The arraignment is followed by a preliminary hearing, in which a prosecutor presents evidence to a judge in an attempt to show that there is strong suspicion that a person committed a crime.

Which side goes first in a trial?

Since the burden of proof is on the state, the prosecution presents their case and all of their evidence first. After the prosecution has presented their case, the defense can question the prosecution's witnesses. Then the defense may present its case and all of its evidence.

What is a second trial called?

A retrial is a completed trial that has been set aside and tried again from scratch as opposed to a mistrial which is terminated prior to its conclusion.

What are the different sides of the court?

The person starting the case is called the plaintiff or petitioner. The person filing the pleading asks the other side to submit an answer. The other side is called the defendant or respondent. The pleading tells the court one side of the story.

What is right and left service court?

At the beginning of the game (0-0) and when the server's score is even, the server serves from the right service court. When the server's score is odd, the server serves from the left service court. If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from the alternate service court.

Which side is the add side?

Ad side - The ad side is the left side. After playing a point on the deuce side, you switch and serve from the ad side.

What is an example of a plaintiff vs defendant?

John is seriously injured and he files a car accident lawsuit against Linda to recover additional damages that aren't covered by insurance. In this example, John is the plaintiff and Linda is the defendant. Because the plaintiff files the lawsuit, the plaintiff is responsible for drafting the complaint.

What are the two parties in a civil case called?

A civil case usually begins when one person or business (the "plaintiff") claims to have been harmed by the actions of another person or business (the "defendant") and asks the court for relief by filing a "complaint" and starting a court case.

What is the difference between respondent and defendant?

Parties include plaintiff (person filing suit), defendant (person sued or charged with a crime), petitioner (files a petition asking for a court ruling), respondent (usually in opposition to a petition or an appeal), cross-complainant (a defendant who sues someone else in the same lawsuit), or cross-defendant (a person ...

What is the plaintiff side?

In the courtroom

Typically, the person who started the case (the petitioner or the plaintiff) will sit on the right side. The person responding to the case (the respondent or the defendant) will sit on the left.

Who is the opponent in a court case?

More Definitions of Opponent

Opponent means any party against whom the Client proceeds in this Claim or in claims heard with this Claim, or any one or more of them.

What is the opposite of a plaintiff?

The defendant the person or entity that is being sued. Plaintiff and defendant are terms usually used in civil cases and/or a civil lawsuit.