What happened in the Batson case the first time it was tried?

Asked by: Ms. Hallie Stehr DVM  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.6/5 (68 votes)

Batson was an African American. During jury selection, the prosecutor used his peremptory challenges to strike the only four African Americans from the jury venire. The resulting jury had only white people. ... The trial court denied Batson's motion and the jury convicted him on both counts.

What happened in the Batson case in the Supreme Court?

Reasoning: (Powell, J.): In a 7–2 decision, the Court held that, while a defendant is not entitled to have a jury completely or partially composed of people of his own race, the state is not permitted to use its peremptory challenges to automatically exclude potential members of the jury because of their race.

How does Batson try to prevent discrimination?

Generally, Batson and its progeny prohibit the use of peremptory strikes to discriminate based on race, ethnicity, or gender. Litigants are tasked with preventing this form of discrimination through the “Batson challenge.” Perhaps the most striking feature of the Batson decision is the date.

What happens if a Batson challenge is successful?

If the court grants a Batson challenge, then it must seat the potential juror who was excluded by the prosecutor on the jury.

What happened in Batson vs Kentucky?

Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court ruling that a prosecutor's use of a peremptory challenge in a criminal case—the dismissal of jurors without stating a valid cause for doing so—may not be used to exclude jurors based solely on their race.

Batson Basics

21 related questions found

What is the importance of the 1986 Batson v Kentucky ruling quizlet?

What is the importance of the 1986 Batson v. Kentucky ruling? Gave hope to black defendants Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court ruled that a prosecutor's dismissal of jurors without a valid cause—may not be used to exclude jurors based solely on their race.

What is a Batson motion?

An objection to the validity of a peremptory challenge, on grounds that the other party used it to exclude a potential juror based on race, ethnicity, or sex. The result of a Batson challenge may be a new trial.

What does Batson mean?

The name Batson is primarily a male name of English origin that means Son Of Bartholomew.

What happens when a defendant makes a Batson challenge during the jury selection process?

If the defendant proves a Batson violation during jury selection, the usual remedy is to dismiss the entire panel of potential jurors, declare a mistrial, and select a new jury. Alternatively, a judge can decide to include the challenged juror in the jury, or to give the defendant additional peremptory challenges.

Does Batson apply to defense?

On the bad side, Batson applies to defense challenges just like prosecution challenges. In addition, Batson isn't limited to challenges of minority jurors; it's been held to apply to any challenge based on race, including challenging a white juror based solely on his or her race.

What are the steps to a Batson challenge?

BLOG BULLETS: Batson requires a three-step inquiry: (1) the defendant must make a prima facie case of discriminatory intent; (2) the state must then offer a race-neutral justification for the challenge; and (3) the trial court must decide whether the defendant has proven purposeful discrimination.

Does Batson apply to religion?

Part 11 describes the Minnesota Su- preme Court's refusal to extend Batson to religion in State v Davis, and other courts' approaches to the religion question be- fore and after the Supreme Court denied certiorari to Davis. Part III argues that the Batson regime should not apply to religion.

What is the significance of the Supreme Court decision in Edmonson for students?

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co. that under the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause, parties in civil cases cannot use race-based peremptory challenges to reject potential jurors.

Who won Carey v musladin?

Musladin was convicted, and his conviction was upheld by the California state courts. Musladin then filed a habeas corpus suit in appropriate U.S. District Court. A habeas corpus suit allows a defendant to sue the government, arguing that the government has violated the defendant's rights.

How did the precedent set in Batson v Kentucky relate to the Flowers case?

In Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U. S. 79 (1986), this Court ruled that a State may not discriminate on the basis of race when exercising peremptory challenges against pro- spective jurors in a criminal trial. In 1996, Curtis Flowers allegedly murdered four people in Winona, Mississippi. Flowers is black.

Where did the name Batson come from?

The surname of Batson is derived from the country of England, and is believed to stem directly from the English personal given name of “Batt,” which can be translated to mean “son of Bate,” or “son of Batt.” Both the nicknames “Batt,” and “Bate” are said to be shortened forms of the personal given name of “Bartholomew, ...

Is Batson a name?

Batson is a patronymic surname, derived from Bartholomew.

Does Batson apply to age?

Batson clearly prohibits discrimination based on race and gender, under the Supreme Court's own decisions. Lower courts have rejected the extension of Batson to white ethnic groups such as Irish Americans and Italian Americans and have also rejected its extension to characteristics such as obesity, age, and long hair.

What is a Batson challenge quizlet?

A Batson challenge, derived from the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Batson v. Kentucky, alleges what? that the prosecutor or defense attorney is exercising his/her peremptory challenges to exclude jurors solely on the basis of their race. The minimum size criminal jury approved by the U.S. Supreme Court is. 6 persons.

Is Batson retroactive?

The Batson rule should not be applied retroactively on collateral review of convictions that became final before Batson was announced. A decision announcing a new constitutional rule of criminal procedure is almost automatically nonretroactive where the decision explicitly overrules past precedent.

What is the significance of Atkins v Virginia?

In Atkins v. Virginia, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the execution of defendants with an intellectual disability is “cruel and unusual punishment” prohibited by the Eighth Amendment.

How does diversity in a jury affect its deliberations quizlet just mercy?

How does diversity in a jury affect its deliberations? - white people are typically racially biased and racist, causing them to want to put black people in jail/on death row even if they don't deserve it. If you were in Chestnut or Boynton's position, would you have tried to move the trial?

How does diversity in a jury affect its deliberations quizlet?

A 2006 study by Sommers provides additional evidence of differences in the deliberations of diverse vs. homogeneous juries. In that study, the racially diverse juries deliberated longer, discussed more trial evidence and made fewer factually inaccurate statements when discussing the evidence than did all-white juries.

What did the case of Norris v Alabama decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1935 State?

The Supreme Court held that the systematic exclusion of African Americans from jury service violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The case was a significant advance in the Supreme Court's criminal procedure jurisprudence.