What if all student debt was forgiven?

Asked by: Prof. Ted Gleason  |  Last update: October 13, 2023
Score: 4.5/5 (29 votes)

Debt forgiveness could potentially increase consumer spending by as much as 3.3%. The economy may benefit from increased consumer spending if student loan debt is canceled – it may encourage former borrowers to start families, buy new homes, create or invest in small businesses, or obtain an advanced degree.

What happens if all student loan debt is forgiven?

If you qualify for student loan forgiveness or discharge in full, you will get a notification and will no longer need to make payments. In some cases, you may even get a refund. If only some of your debt is canceled or discharged, you'll still be responsible for repaying the rest of what you owe.

Would forgiving student loans hurt the economy?

While unlikely to cause a recession, it could cool consumer spending. The Supreme Court on Friday struck down the Biden administration program to forgive student debt for more than 43 million American borrowers at a cost of $400 billion.

What would happen if there was no student debt?

If student debt disappeared

Higher disposable income levels would probably increase graduates' ability to purchase goods and save money. They would be less likely to delay major purchases like homes and vehicles, and would be less likely to use debt to finance major purchases or unforeseen expenses.

What happens if Joe Biden cancels student loans?

If President Biden cancels $10,000 in debt for low- and moderate-income student loan holders, a sizeable portion of those who defaulted will have their federal student loan debt completely wiped out. This is because many borrowers who default on their loans carry balances below $10,000.

Halved payments and forgiven debt: How the new student loan forgiveness plan might affect you

32 related questions found

Why you shouldn't pay off student debt?

Paying off student loans early means you may not receive that tax deduction down the road. You shouldn't keep your loans around just for the tax deduction, but if you have other things to do with your money, it's nice to know that your student loans aren't such a huge resource drain.

Is it ethical to forgive student loans?

Canceling debt also seems to violate the moral principle of following through on one's promises. Borrowers have a moral duty to fulfill their loan agreements, the philosopher Immanuel Kant argued, because reneging on promises is disrespectful to oneself and others.

What are the disadvantages of forgiving student debt?

Opponents contend that the cost of such forgiveness would be much higher than the benefit to the economy, would disproportionately benefit higher-income Americans, and would only offer a temporary reprieve before total outstanding student debt rose again.

Who benefits from forgiving student loans?

Most suggest low- and middle-income earners get the biggest benefit. Data peculiarities and future financial benefits that would disproportionately accrue to certain borrowers make an exact accounting nearly impossible, according to economists and education experts.

Will student loan forgiveness cause inflation?

Student Loan Forgiveness is Unlikely to Impact Inflation Rates | Bankrate.

What is the moral hazard of student loan forgiveness?

Another concern of forgiving student debt is “moral hazard,” the idea that students might make riskier choices if they think their debt will end up being forgiven, Jones said.

What happens if you have a lot of student debt?

The Risks of Borrowing Too Much Money

But student loans may impact your finances for many years beyond graduation. With a large balance, it may be tough to afford student loan payments, which could put you at risk of default. Over one million borrowers default for the first time every year, according to our research.

Why student loan forgiveness is good for everyone?

Student loan debt is slowing the national economy. Forgiveness would boost the economy, benefiting everyone. Student loan debt slows new business growth and quashes consumer spending.

Who is most affected by student loan forgiveness?

It's estimated Black and Hispanic women are expected to experience some of the largest reductions in the percentage with any student loans from the $10,000 relief plan: 5.4 and 4.7 percentage points, respectively. White men are expected to experience among the smallest reductions (2.4 percentage points).

Who holds most student loan debt?

Forty-five million Americans have student loan debt — that's about one in five U.S. adults (17.4%), according to an analysis of census data. Those ages 25 to 34 are the most likely to hold student loan debt, but the greatest amount is owed by those 35 to 49 — more than $600 billion, federal data show.

Why do people not like student loan forgiveness?

You may find them spiteful. The underlying sentiment, however, is based on personal responsibility and sacrifice. Some opponents of student loan cancellation believe that each borrower is responsible to pay back the loan they borrowed, whether it's a student loan, mortgage or credit card debt.

Will student debt forgiveness raise taxes?

Bottom line. Student loan forgiveness in 2022 will not increase your federal taxable income, thanks to the latest American Rescue Plan that makes all student loan forgiveness tax-free.

Do people regret student debt?

Impact of Student Debt

Debt can contribute to many people's feelings of regret, stress, anger, and anxiety. Such feelings are often more pronounced when people are struggling to make payments. The survey also found that 62% of adults reported that their student loans negatively affect their mental health.

Why does the government want to forgive student loans?

People whose payments are cut or eliminated should have more money to spend elsewhere – maybe to buy a car, put a down payment on a house or even put money aside for their own kids' college savings plan. So the debt forgiveness has the potential to raise the living standard for tens of millions of people.

Do you think student loan forgiveness is a good idea?

Positive Impacts of Canceling Student Debt

Though plenty of borrowers owe more than $10,000, any sort of student loan forgiveness would benefit them financially. Some economists believe loan forgiveness also would stimulate the economy as borrowers could use that money for other purposes, such as buying a home.

Who decided to forgive student loans?

The Biden administration announced Friday that 804,000 borrowers will have their student debt wiped away, totaling $39 billion worth of debt, in the coming weeks due to fixes that more accurately count qualified monthly payments under existing income-driven repayment plans.

What happens if you don't pay off student loans in 25 years?

Any outstanding balance will be forgiven if you haven't repaid your loan in full after 25 years.

Is it possible to never pay off student loans?

If you default on your student loan, that status will be reported to national credit reporting agencies. This reporting may damage your credit rating and future borrowing ability. Also, the government can collect on your loans by taking funds from your wages, tax refunds, and other government payments.

Will student debt ever go away?

Student loans will remain on your credit reports and in your life until their paid in full or you qualify for Public Service Loan Forgiveness, income-based repayment forgiveness, or some other discharge or cancellation opportunity that wipes your remaining loan balance.

How much will the loan forgiveness cost taxpayers?

Student loan forgiveness could result in a $2,500 burden per taxpayer, research finds. The average burden per U.S. taxpayer for the new federal student debt cancellation will be $2,503.22, according to new estimates from the National Taxpayers Union, a fiscally conservative advocacy group.