What is Article 214?Asked by: Shawna Mayer | Last update: January 3, 2023
Score: 4.5/5 (59 votes)
Which article says there shall be a High Court?
There shall be a High Court for each State. Every High Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power to punish for contempt of itself.
Which article of the Indian constitution provides for a High Court for Eachstate?
The High Court is the highest court in a state in India. Articles 214 to 231 in the Indian Constitution talk about the High Courts, their organisation and powers. The Parliament can also provide for the establishment of one High Court for two or more states.
What are the 5 powers of High Court?
The Court is clothed with inherent jurisdiction to: determine all Criminal and Civil Matters; determine cases concerning the violation and or infringement of the bill of rights; hear appeals from subordinate courts and tribunals; interpret the constitution; and, exercise supervisory jurisdiction over the subordinate ...
Who is appointed according to Article 216?
-Article 216 empowers the President to appoint to a High Court as many judges as he may from time to time deem it necessary and also to fix the maximum number of judges for each High Court by a separate order.
Article 214 | High Courts for States #constitutionofindia #highcourt #judiciary
Which is the oldest high court in India?
The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India. It has jurisdiction over the State of West Bengal and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What is the full form of PIL?
Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals.
What is 124 a article?
Article 124 deals with the Establishment and constitution of the Supreme Court. It states that there shall be a Supreme Court of India constituting of a Chief Justice of India and, until Parliament by law prescribes a larger number, of not more than seven other Judges.
What is the Article 224?
(1) If by reason of any temporary increase in the business of a High Court or by reason of arrears of work therein, it appears to the President that the number of the Judges of that Court should be for the time being increased, the President may appoint duly qualified persons to be additional Judges of the Court for ...
What is Article 131 Indian Constitution?
Article 131 gives both the Governments a forum to fight on legal issues and not on mere political issues. Thus, the order given by the Government of India to the State Governments ordering the Chief Minister to tender advice to the Governor of the State is not a mere political issue but a legal right.
What is the Article 143?
Article 143 of the Constitution authorises the president to seek the opinion of the Supreme court in the two categories of matters: On any question of law or fact of public importance which has arisen or which is likely to arise.
Who introduced PIL in India?
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.
Is the apex court in India?
The Supreme Court of India came into being on 28 January 1950. It replaced both the Federal Court of India and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council which were then at the apex of the Indian court system.
Who can file PIL?
Who can file it? Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
Which state has no High Court in India?
Which state of India does not have its own High Court? Ans. Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland does not have its own high court.
Which is the smallest high court in India?
सिक्किम उच्च न्यायालय
The seat of the court is at Gangtok, the administrative capital of the state. With a sanctioned court strength of 3 judges, the Sikkim High Court is the smallest High Court of India.
Who is the first Chief Justice?
The first Chief Justice of India (Before independence) was Mr Sir Maurice Gwyer. He took charge on 1 October 1937 and remained in office till 25 April 1943. Mr M Gwyer was the CJI in the pre-independence era. Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first (Indian) Chief Justice of India.
How many HC are in India?
There are 25 High Courts in India, six having control over more than one State/UT. Delhi has a High Court of its own among the Union Territories. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India.
Who is father of PIL?
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
Who is the mother of PIL?
Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.
Which is the first PIL in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
What is the use of 371 article?
Article 371 (D) forms a part of the Constitution of India. It safeguards the rights of local people in employment and education and was created after agitation in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It was incorporated as the 32nd Amendment of the Constitution in 1974.
What is Article 108?
108. Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases. (1) If after a Bill has been passed by one House and transmitted to the other House. (a) the Bill is rejected by the other House; or. (b) the Houses have finally disagreed as to the amendments to be made in the Bill; or.