When was the PIL introduced?

Asked by: Karelle Carroll  |  Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 5/5 (16 votes)

In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.

When was the first PIL filed in India?

The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.

Who introduced PIL in India?

Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.

Who introduced PIL in world?

It was introduced in India around 1979-80 by the Supreme Court judges, Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer along with Justice P. N. Bhagwati.

Who introduced PIL in 1980s?

In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.

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16 related questions found

When was the Supreme Court PIL launched?

Union of India, wherein an unregistered association of workers was permitted to institute a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution for the redress of common grievances. The first reported case of PIL, in 1979, focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.

Who is father of PIL?

Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.

What is PIL and Sal?

However, for our purposes, Social Action Litigation (SAL) and Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are synonymous. PIL, however, continues to be the popularly used term.

Who introduced Pils in Indian judicial system and when?

The PIL is an outcome of the Supreme Court's judicial activism in India. It first appeared in the early 1980s. The idea of PIL was invented by Justices V R Krishna Iyer and P N Bhagwati.

Which was the 1st Environmental PIL in India?

The first reported case of PIL in 1979 focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners. In Hussainara Khatoon v.

Who is the mother of PIL?

Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.

How many types of PIL are there?

There are two types of Public Interest Litigation (PIL): Representative Social Action and. Citizen Social Action.

Which court has introduced Pils in 1980s?

1986: In western-style jurisprudence, salus populi est suprema lex (regard for public welfare is the highest law) forms the bedrock of civil law. India had to wait till 1986 when the then chief justice P.N. Bhagwati introduced public interest litigation (PIL) to the Indian judicial system.

Is PIL a writ petition?

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury. ... A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person(s) to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights.

What is PIL explain?

Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. ... Public law concerns the various rules and regulations that govern the exercise of power by public bodies.

Who brought juristic revolution in PIL?

The splendid efforts of Justice P N Bhagwati and Justice V R Krishna Iyer were instrumental of this juristic revolution of eighties to convert the apex court of India into a Supreme Court for all Indians.

Why is PIL important?

Significance of PIL

It is an important tool to make human rights reach those who have been denied rights. It democratises the access of justice to all. Any citizen or organisation who is capable can file petitions on behalf of those who cannot or do not have the means to do so.

When was High Court under British rule first established?

The first high court in India, 'The High Court of Judicature at Fort William', now called the 'High Court of Calcutta', was brought into existence by the Letters Patent dated 14 May 1862, issued under the Indian High Courts Act, 1861 and was formally opened on 1 July 1862.

In which country was the concept of PIL originated?

The concept of Public Interest Litigation first originated in The United States of America in the mid-1980s.

Who can move PIL in High Court and Supreme Court?

Constitutional Lawyers in India

It can review legislation and administrative actions or decisions on the anvil of constitutional law. For the enforcement of fundamental rights one has to move the Supreme Court or the High Courts directly by invoking Writ Jurisdiction of these courts.

Who is the current Chief Justice of India?

The current Incumbent and 48th chief justice of India is Nuthalapati Venkata Ramana, who entered office on 24 April 2021.

When a letter may be treated as a petition of PIL?

The writ petition should involve a question, which affects public at large or group of people, and not a single individual. Only the effected / Aggrieved person can file a writ petition. There should be a specific prayer, asking the court to direct the state Authorities to take note of the complaint /allegation.

Can a government employee file a PIL?

The fact on the other hand is that to the best of my knowledge no service rule seems to stop a government servant, including the All India Services officers, from filing PILs. It does not even say that the government servant shall take permission from the concerned government before filing PILs.

What are the common elements in PIL cases?

There are mainly five types of Writs - (i) Writ of Habeaus Corpus, (ii) Writ of Mandamus, (iii) Writ of Quo-Warranto, (iv) Writ of Prohibition, and (v) Writ of Certiorari.

Can PIL be filed in High Court?

PILs can be filed either in the High Court or in the Supreme Court. What is the procedure for filing a PIL? One has to do thorough research before filing a PIL. In case of filing a PIL concerning several individuals, it is important and the best course for the petitioner to consult all affected interest groups.