Who introduced PIL in judicial system?Asked by: Jazlyn Friesen DDS | Last update: February 19, 2022
Score: 4.2/5 (7 votes)
India had to wait till 1986 when the then chief justice P.N. Bhagwati introduced public interest litigation (PIL) to the Indian judicial system. The original idea was to give marginalised citizens access to justice, but by the mid-1990s PILs had transformed the legal landscape with a flurry of high-profile cases.
Who introduced PIL in Indian judicial system?
Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.
Who introduced Pils in Indian judicial system and when?
The PIL is an outcome of the Supreme Court's judicial activism in India. It first appeared in the early 1980s. The idea of PIL was invented by Justices V R Krishna Iyer and P N Bhagwati.
When was PIL introduced in Indian judiciary?
The seeds of the concept of public interest litigation were initially sown in India by Justice Krishna Iyer, in 1976 in Mumbai Kamagar Sabha vs.
Who had introduced PIL?
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.
PIL | Public Interest Litigation | With notes
Who is the father of PIL?
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
Is PIL a writ petition?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury. ... A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person(s) to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights.
What is PIL and Sal?
However, for our purposes, Social Action Litigation (SAL) and Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are synonymous. PIL, however, continues to be the popularly used term.
What is the other name of Lok Adalat?
Lok Adalat (People's Court) is Statutory Organisation under Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987, and created as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism used in India. It is a forum where cases pending on panchayat, or at a pre-litigation stage in a court of law, are settled.
Who can move PIL in High Court and Supreme Court?
Constitutional Lawyers in India
It can review legislation and administrative actions or decisions on the anvil of constitutional law. For the enforcement of fundamental rights one has to move the Supreme Court or the High Courts directly by invoking Writ Jurisdiction of these courts.
Who is the mother of PIL?
Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.
Who are the architect of PIL?
Justice Bhagwati, as the primary architect of PIL in India, has an openly instrumental approach to the rule of law.
What is PIL explain?
Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. ... Public law concerns the various rules and regulations that govern the exercise of power by public bodies.
Where was the first Lok Adalat held in India?
Lok Adalat (people's courts), established by the government settles dispute through conciliation and compromise. The First Lok Adalat was held in Chennai in 1986. Lok Adalat accepts the cases which could be settled by conciliation and compromise, and pending in the regular courts within their jurisdiction.
Who heads the Supreme Court?
The Chief Justice of India is the head and chief judge of the Supreme Court, which consists of a maximum of 34 judges and has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.
Which is the highest criminal court of the district?
The highest criminal court of the district is the Court of District and Sessions Judge. 2. The District Judges are appointed by the Governor in consultation with the High Courts.
Who brought juristic revolution in PIL?
The splendid efforts of Justice P N Bhagwati and Justice V R Krishna Iyer were instrumental of this juristic revolution of eighties to convert the apex court of India into a Supreme Court for all Indians.
Who can file PIL in India?
Who can file it? Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
What is PIL state the objectives of introducing PIL?
The chief objective behind PILs is ensuring justice to all and promoting the welfare of the people. It is generally used to safeguard group interests and not individual interests, for which Fundamental Rights have been provided. The Supreme Court of India and the High Courts have the right to issue PILs.
Can we file PIL in district court?
Important public issues are taken up by vigilant judges in a PIL. But at present, owing to the prohibitive procedure a citizen or a social organisation cannot proceed under the PIL in lower or district courts. ... The rule that a PIL can only be heard in high courts or the apex court, thus, needs to be changed.
Is PIL and writ same?
PILs are extensions of Writ Jurisdiction. Therefore, PILs may be filed either before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution or any High Court under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution.
How many types of PIL are there?
There are two types of Public Interest Litigation (PIL): Representative Social Action and. Citizen Social Action.
Which is the first PIL in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
Who is the first law minister of India?
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar who was popularly known as Babasaheb. Dr. Ambedkar was independent India's first Law Minister and his greatest and enduring contribution in founding modern India was his role as Chairman of the Constituent Assembly which drafted the Constitution of India.
Who was appointed as the first Lokpal of India?
Retired Supreme Court judge Pinaki Chandra Ghose is appointed as the first Lokpal of India by a committee consisting of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and Lok Sabha speaker Sumitra Mahajan on 23 March 2019 whereas the members are appointed w.e.f 27 March 2019.