Who was the Chief Justice of India when PIL was introduced?Asked by: Fiona Nicolas | Last update: September 20, 2022
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Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati (21 December 1921 – 15 June 2017) was the 17th Chief Justice of India, serving from 12 July 1985 until his retirement on 20 December 1986. He introduced the concepts of public interest litigation and absolute liability in India, and for this reason is held, along with Justice V. R.
Who was Chief Justice of India during PIL?
PN Bhagwati was the Chief Justice of India when Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was introduced to the Indian Judicial System.
Who introduced PIL in the Indian judicial system and when?
Public Interest Litigation is the judicial innovation which enables any person who is public-spirited or who wants to act on behalf of some people to file a case in the court. The Concept of PIL was introduced by Justice PN Bhagwati.
Who was the Chief Justice of India when public interest litigation first time introduced in Indian judicial system?
The correct answer is P. N. Bhagwati. P. N. Bhagwati was the Chief Justice of India when public interest litigation was introduced to the Indian Judicial System.
When was PIL introduced in Indian judiciary?
In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL. PIL had begun in India towards the end of the 1970s and came into full bloom in the 1980s.
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Who brought PIL?
Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.
Which country started PIL?
The concept of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) originated and developed in the USA in the 1960s. In the USA, it was designed to provide legal representation to previously unrepresented groups or interests.
Which is the first PIL in India?
The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.
Who is known as father of Public Interest Litigation in India?
Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.
What is the introduction of Public Interest Litigation PIL?
The introduction of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all because it also keeps in mind the interests of the illiterate and poor who are not educated enough or cannot afford to access the Indian legal system for justice against exploitation or ...
In which year the Supreme Court announced the provision of the Public Interest Litigation PIL?
The first reported case of PIL was Hussainara Khatoon vs. State of Bihar (1979) that focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners that led to the release of more than 40,000 under trial prisoners.
Who was the first Chief Justice of free India?
Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first (Indian) Chief Justice of India. Kamal Narain Singh was the shortest-serving Chief Justice Of India, he held the Supreme Court Office as CJI just for 17 days from 21st November 1991 to 12th December 1991. Justice Y. V.
Who introduced judiciary in India?
Warren Hastings and Lord Cornwallis introduced their Judicial Plans, beginning in 1772. These plans established a hierarchy of courts and designated officials who were to decide matters, taking help from advisors who were well-versed with the parties' personal laws.
Who is the father of jurisprudence?
-Bentham is known as Father of Jurisprudence. Austin took his work further. Bentham was the first one to analyze what is law.
Who is the father of Indian judicial system?
Ambedkar was perhaps the greatest apostle in the Assembly of what he described as 'one single integrated judiciary having jurisdiction and providing remedies in all cases arising under the Constitutional law, the Civil, or the criminal law, essential to maintain the unity of the country'.
Who has filed most PIL in India?
Delhi BJP spokesperson Ashwini Upadhyay is famous as the PIL Man of India. Ashwini Upadhyay has filed around 50 PILs in the last 5 years.
Which case is known as PIL case?
PIL has achieved a place of great importance in our legal system. Public interest litigation case in India was first filed in 1976; Mumbai Kamgar Sabha v. M/s Abdulbhai Faizullabhai and others [1976 (3) SCC 832]. The seed of PIL was sown by Justice Krishna Iyer through this landmark judgement.
How many PIL are filed in India?
A total of 9,23,277 PILs were filed at the Supreme Court between 1985 and 2019. This means that on an average, the Court receives 26,379 PILs every year.
How many types of PIL are there?
There are two types of Public Interest Litigation (PIL): Representative Social Action and. Citizen Social Action.
When was the Supreme Court of India established?
Supreme Court of India came into existence on 26th January, 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg, New Delhi. The Supreme Court of India functioned from the Parliament House till it moved to the present building.
What is PIL in Supreme Court?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.
Who invented court?
Common law courts were established by English royal judges of the King's Council after the Norman Invasion of Britain in 1066. The royal judges created a body of law by combining local customs they were made aware of through traveling and visiting local jurisdictions.
Who was the first Indian Chief Justice of the Madras High Court?
Sir Thiruvarur Muthuswamy Iyer KCIE was an Indian lawyer who, in 1877, became the first native Indian to be appointed as judge of the Madras High Court. He also acted as the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court in 1893.
Who is the first chief of justice?
John Jay, First Chief Justice of the United States. John Jay was a man of great achievement. During his lifetime he was a Founding Father, Signer of the Treaty of Paris, Second Governor of New York, and First Chief Justice of the United States.