What is confidentiality and the legal and ethical purposes of client rights?

Asked by: Elaina VonRueden V  |  Last update: December 12, 2023
Score: 4.9/5 (29 votes)

Confidentiality is the legal and ethical duty of therapists not to reveal information about their clients to unauthorized individuals. Legally and ethically, therapists are bound by statute and by the profession's code of professional conduct not to reveal information about their clients to unauthorized individuals.

Is confidentiality an ethical and legal right?

While confidentiality is an ethical duty, privacy is a right rooted in the common law. Understanding the difference between confidentiality and privacy can spare you a lot of confusion when signing contracts, establishing a client-attorney relationship, and generally knowing your rights in a given situation.

What is the purpose of client confidentiality?

Confidentiality allows a client to feel safe in a therapeutic space and ensure their privacy is maintained. Our counsellors and psychologists respect a strict code of ethics and will uphold these standards throughout the entire partnership.

What is the client right to confidentiality?

What is Client Confidentiality? Client confidentiality is a fundamental rule among institutions and individuals stating that they must not share a client's information with a third party without the consent of the client or a legal reason.

What is meant by ethics and confidentiality?

Confidentiality refers to the duty to protect privileged information and to share entrusted information responsibly. It stems from the notion that a person's wishes, decisions, and personal information should be treated with respect. The duty of confidentiality can apply to individuals, organizations, and institutions.

Legal and Ethical Aspects of Medicine – Confidentiality: By Nelson Chan M.D.

28 related questions found

What is ethics of confidentiality in healthcare?

Physicians have an ethical obligation to preserve the confidentiality of information gathered in association with the care of the patient. With rare exceptions, patients are entitled to decide whether and to whom their personal health information is disclosed.

What is an example of confidentiality in professional ethics?

Professional secrecy can also protect a person's identity. For example, a doctor is not allowed to tell the parents of a 16-year-old that their daughter received medical care, even if the reason for the visit is not mentioned. Professional secrecy protects the client, but not the professional.

What is an example of confidential client information?

Confidential client information is any client information that is not available to the public. Confidential information may include technology, trade secrets, information pertaining to business operations and strategies, and information pertaining to customers, pricing and marketing.

What is a legal limitation to confidentiality with clients?

Well, for therapists the limits include four things: Suspicion of child abuse (any person under 18 years of age) of any kind (physical, sexual, verbal, neglect, etc.) Suspicion of elder* abuse (any person over 65 years of age) of any kind (physical, sexual, financial, verbal, neglect, etc.).

Which is considered client rights?

Client, or Consumer rights are the policies and procedures established to guarantee the dignity of the person being served and his/her safety, privacy, and freedom.

What are 3 reasons why a confidentiality agreement is important?

There are many benefits of a confidentiality agreement:
  • Protection from disclosure of intellectual property (including trade secrets, proprietary information, and other confidential information)
  • More legal protections and options if another party does infringe on a patent or otherwise use protected information.

What is the purpose of the confidentiality rule in the legal setting?

Preserving the confidentiality of client information contributes to the trust that is the hallmark of the client-lawyer relationship. The client is thereby encouraged to seek legal assistance and to communicate fully and frankly with the lawyer even as to embarrassing or legally damaging subject matter.

What is an example of confidentiality?

An example of confidentiality of information would be the trade secrets of a business, where information keeping a business competitive requires adequate protection. Confidentiality of information covers the full spectrum of data that a business or practice could receive from an internal or external source.

What is an example of confidentiality in healthcare?

Scenario 1: Patient Check-In

Why do healthcare practices have patients sign their names on removable mediums? It's all about patient confidentiality and keeping information out of eyesight. Covered entities need to remove the names and signatures of their patients from public view to protect their privacy.

What are some ethical and legal issues in healthcare?

Ethical Issues in Healthcare
  • Patient Privacy and Confidentiality. The protection of private patient information is one of the most important ethical and legal issues in the field of healthcare. ...
  • Transmission of Diseases. ...
  • Relationships. ...
  • End-of-Life Issues.

How do you maintain client confidentiality and privacy?

Store confidential information in locked file cabinets. Encrypt all confidential electronic information with firewalls and passwords. Employees should keep their desks clear of any confidential information. Employees should keep their computer monitors clear of any confidential information.

What breaks client confidentiality?


Licensed mental health professionals can break confidentiality in some circumstances. One of the most common scenarios is when a client is a threat to himself/herself or others, in which case a therapist must notify the person in danger or notify someone who can keep the client safe.

What are the 3 exceptions to confidentiality?

Which Circumstances Are Exempt from Confidentiality?
  • The client is an imminent and violent threat towards themselves or others.
  • There is a billing situation which requires a condoned disclosure.
  • Sharing information is necessary to facilitate client care across multiple providers.

What are 5 examples of confidentiality?

Examples of confidential information include a person's phone number and address, medical records, and social security. Companies also have confidential information such as financial records, trade secrets, customer information, and marketing strategies.

What are the three types of confidential?

Confidential information may be divided into four broad categories:
  • (1) trade secrets1;
  • (2) personal information (usually now described as 'private' rather than 'confidential')2;
  • (3) journalistic, artistic and literary confidences3; and.
  • (4) government secrets4.

What are 4 examples of confidential information?

Here are some examples of confidential information:
  • Name, date of birth, age, sex, and address.
  • Current contact details of family.
  • Bank information.
  • Medical history or records.
  • Personal care issues.
  • Service records and file progress notes.
  • Personal goals.
  • Assessments or reports.

What are the rules of confidentiality?

Common law confidentiality is not codified in an Act of Parliament but built up from case law through individual judgments. The key principle is that information confided should not be used or disclosed further, except as originally understood by the confider, or with their subsequent permission.

How do you handle confidentiality in your work based on work ethics?

Treat personal data very carefully. Don't store information for longer than necessary, and make sure your computer is secure and compliant (for example, that it has the right security software) It sounds obvious, but don't talk about confidential information relating to clients outside your professional practice.

How is patient confidentiality an ethical issue?

Patients need to be able to trust that physicians will protect information shared in confidence. They should feel free to fully disclose sensitive personal information to enable their physician to most effectively provide needed services.

How does the Code of Ethics relate to confidentiality?

Employees must not access, disclose, discuss or use any confidential information without official approval and must ensure that unauthorised people cannot access confidential information in any form.