When was PIL established in India?

Asked by: Izaiah Thiel II  |  Last update: August 14, 2022
Score: 4.5/5 (31 votes)

In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL. PIL had begun in India towards the end of the 1970s and came into full bloom in the 1980s.

When was the first PIL filed in India?

The first reported case of PIL was 'Hussainara Khatoon Vs. State of Bihar' in 1979. Few important facts of this case are as follows: This case focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.

When did PIL formed?

The term PIL originated in the United States in the mid-1980s. Since the nineteenth century, various movements in that country had contributed to public interest law, which was part of the legal aid movement. The first legal aid office was established in New York in 1876.

Who filed 1st PIL?

History of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in India

In 1979, Kapila Hingorani filed a petition and secured the release of almost 40000 undertrials from Patna's jails in the famous 'Hussainara Khatoon' case. Hingorani was a lawyer. This case was filed in the SC before a Bench led by Justice P N Bhagwati.

Who introduced PIL in India?

In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court. It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V R Krishna Iyer and Justice P N Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.

Public Interest Litigation in India, How PIL works & what are its advantages? Current Affairs 2018

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Who is the father of public interest litigation in India?

Justice Bhagwati has been called the father of public interest litigation in India due to his contribution to Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence. Justice Bhagwati was Chief Justice of India from July 12, 1985, to December 20, 1986.

Who is the mother of PIL?

Pushpa Kapila Hingorani was an Indian lawyer who is regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation" (PIL). As per then prevailing laws, a petition could be filed only by a victim or a relative. Kapila and her husband Nirmal Hingorani wanted to represent the undertrial prisoners in Bihar.

How many types of PIL are there?

There are two types of Public Interest Litigation (PIL): Representative Social Action and. Citizen Social Action.

What is PIL in Supreme Court?

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.

How many PIL are filed in India?

A total of 9,23,277 PILs were filed at the Supreme Court between 1985 and 2019. This means that on an average, the Court receives 26,379 PILs every year.

Who has filed most PIL in India?

Delhi BJP spokesperson Ashwini Upadhyay is famous as the PIL Man of India. Ashwini Upadhyay has filed around 50 PILs in the last 5 years.

Which case is known as PIL case?

PIL has achieved a place of great importance in our legal system. Public interest litigation case in India was first filed in 1976; Mumbai Kamgar Sabha v. M/s Abdulbhai Faizullabhai and others [1976 (3) SCC 832]. The seed of PIL was sown by Justice Krishna Iyer through this landmark judgement.

Is PIL mentioned in Constitution?

The concept of public interest litigation (PIL) is suited to the principles enshrined in Article 39A of the Constitution of India to protect and deliver prompt social justice with the help of law. Before the 1980s, only the aggrieved party could approach the courts for justice.

Does PIL come under writ?

PILs are extensions of Writ Jurisdiction. Therefore, PILs may be filed either before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution or any High Court under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution.

What is the difference between PIL and Writ petition?

What is the difference between a PIL and a Writ Petition? Writs are filed by individuals or institutions for their own benefit and not for public interest, whereas PILs are filed for a larger good.

Who can move PIL?

Concept of PIL. According to the jurisprudence of Article 32 of the Constitution of India, The right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this part is guaranteed. Ordinarily, only the aggrieved party has the right to seek redress under Article 32.

In which country was the concept of PIL originated?

The term PIL as it is famous today originated in the United State of America in the mid-1980s. The nineteenth century saw various movements that contributed to Public Interest law, as a Part of Legal Aid Movement.

What is Article 39a?

The State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes or in any other way, to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic ...

Which two states share high courts?

Which of the states in India share a common High Court? The states of Punjab and Haryana have a common High Court in Chandigarh. Also, the North-Eastern states (Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh) share the same High Court in Guwahati.

Who is Hussain Ara Khatoon?

The case of Hussainara Khatoon revolutionised the Indian legal system. Hussainara was one of the six women undertrial prisoners that were held in the prisons of Bihar, hence the name.

What is Hussainara Khatoon vs Bihar case?

Hussainara Khatoon & Ors. was a landmark decision ruled on March 9, 1979, that gave broader meaning to Article 21 and stated that everyone has the right to a prompt trial. It is the most well-known case involving the human rights of Indian inmates.

Who was the first Chief Justice of free India?

Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first (Indian) Chief Justice of India. Kamal Narain Singh was the shortest-serving Chief Justice Of India, he held the Supreme Court Office as CJI just for 17 days from 21st November 1991 to 12th December 1991. Justice Y. V.

Who is the first law minister of India?

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar who was popularly known as Babasaheb. Dr. Ambedkar was independent India's first Law Minister and his greatest and enduring contribution in founding modern India was his role as Chairman of the Constituent Assembly which drafted the Constitution of India.

Is PIL a fundamental right?

It is through the mechanism of Public Interest Litigation (“PIL”), that the courts seek to protect human rights by expanding the meaning of fundamental right to equality, life and personal liberty.